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United States' New Orleans Class Cruisers

Photos

CA-34 USS Astoria at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 11, 1941:
CA-34 USS Astoria at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 11, 1941
US Navy Photo, 19-N-25346
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor after repairs in April 1943:
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor after repairs in April 1943
US Navy Photo, 80-GK-541
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard on September 4, 1943:
CA-34 USS Astoria at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 11, 1941
US Navy Photo, 19-N-51995
CA-36 USS Minneapolis headed to Pearl Harbor for repairs after Battle of Tassaforonga:
CA-36 USS Minneapolis headed to Pearl Harbor for repairs after Battle of Tassaforonga
US Navy Photo, 80-G-44544
CA-32 USS New Orleans off England in June 1934:
CA-32 USS New Orleans off England in June 1934
US Navy Photo, NH-71787
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 9, 1942:
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 9, 1942
US Navy Photo, NH-97846
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Tulagi after being torpedoed:
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Tulagi after being torpedoed
US Navy Photo, 80-G-216014
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Puget Sound Navy Yard on August 5, 1943:
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Puget Sound Navy Yard on August 5, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-97848
CA-39 USS Quincy in the 1930s:
CA-39 USS Quincy in the 1930s
US Navy Photo, NH-42259
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Pearl Harbor in December 1942:
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Pearl Harbor in December 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-21099
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 15, 1943:
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 15, 1943
US Navy Photo, 19-N-41052
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on a cruise with President Roosevelt in 1940:
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on a cruise with President Roosevelt in 1940
US Navy Photo, NH-50848
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on October 7, 1942:
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on October 7, 1942
US Navy Photo, NH-97938
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa off Iwo Jima on February 16, 1945:
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa off Iwo Jima on February 16, 1945
US Navy Photo, 80-G-309132
CA-44 USS Vincennes on trials off Rockland, Maine on January 12, 1937:
CA-44 USS Vincennes on trials off Rockland, Maine on January 12, 1937
US Navy Photo, 19-N-17183
CA-44 USS Vincennes in February 1937:
CA-44 USS Vincennes in February 1937
US Navy Photo, NH-95303

Design

The New Orleans class ships were designed under the restrictions of the 1930 London Naval Treaty. The Navy wanted a better protected cruiser than the Northampton class.

Aircraft

There was a hanger aft of the rear superstructure.

There were two catapults for launching aircraft.

Armament

The USS San Francisco and USS Tuscaloosa had lighter 8" guns and smaller turrets.

Ships

CA-32 USS New Orleans

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard
  • March 14, 1931: Laid down.
  • April 12, 1933: Launched.
  • February 15, 1934, April 18, 1934: Completed.
  • February 1934 - September 1945: Member of Cruiser Division 6.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor.
  • December 1941 - January 1942: Repairs.
  • February 1942: Convoy escort to Australia and Noumea.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Coral Sea.
  • June 1942: Midway.
  • July 1942: Member of USS Saratoga screen. Escorted USS Saratoga after being torpedoed.
  • Guadalcanal. Tulagi.
  • Eastern Solomons.
  • November 30, 1942: Member of Task Force 67 (TF67). Battle of Tassaforonga. Lost bow, forward of turret No. 2, to torpedo. Escorted to Tulagi by USS Maury.
  • December 1942 - August 1943: Repairs at Puget Sound.
  • September 1943: Wake Island.
  • September 1943: Gilbert Islands.
  • January 1944: Kwajalein.
  • February 1944: Truk raid. With USS Minneapolis sank IJN Katori and IJN Maikaze.
  • April 1944: Holandia.
  • Summer 1944: Marianas. Saipan. Truk. Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • September 1944: Bombarded Iwo Jima.
  • Palau.
  • October 1944: Leyte Gulf. Member of Task Force 34 (TF34).
  • December 1944 - March 1945: Refit at Mare Island.
  • 1945: Port catapult removed.
  • April 18, 1945: Arrived at Ulithi.
  • April - June 1945: Okinawa.
  • August 1945: Korea and China for Japanese surrender.

CA-34 USS Astoria

  • Manufacturer: Puget Sound Navy Yard
  • September 1, 1930: Laid down.
  • December 16, 1933: Launched.
  • April 28, 1934, June 1, 1934: Completed.
  • April 1934 - 1937: Member of Cruiser Division 7.
  • 1937 - 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 6.
  • December 7, 1941: On way to Midway Island with Task Force 11 (TF11).
  • February 1942: Member of Task Force 17 (TF17) with USS Yorktown on raid against Rabaul.
  • March 1942: Member of ANZAC force with USS Louisville, USS Chicago, and RAN Australia on carrier strike against Papua.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Coral Sea. Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).
  • June 1942: Midway. Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).
  • August 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi.
  • August 8 - 9, 1942, August 9, 1942: Sunk. Hit by gunfire and torpedoes off Savo Island. Undertow by minesweeper Hopkins when forward magazine blew up and she sank.

CA-36 USS Minneapolis

  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • June 27, 1931: Laid down.
  • September 6, 1933: Launched.
  • May 19, 1934, June 20, 1934: Completed.
  • 1934: Cruise to Europe.
  • 1934: Member of Cruiser Division 7.
  • December 1941 - February 1942: Patrolling off Hawaii.
  • February 1942: With USS Lexington escorted convoys from Panama Canal to southwest Pacific.
  • March 1942: Escorted carriers in raids on Papua.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Coral Sea. Member of Task Force 16 (TF16).
  • June 1942: Midway. Member of Task Force 16 (TF16).
  • August 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi.
  • Eastern Solomons.
  • November 30, 1942: Battle of Tassaforonga. Flagship of Task Force 67 (TF67). Lost bow, forward of turret No. 1, to torpedoes.
  • December 1942 - September 1943: Repairs in United States.
  • October 1943: Member of Task Force 14 (TF14). Raid on Wake Island.
  • November - December 1943: Occupation of Makin Island.
  • Gilbert Islands.
  • Kwajalein.
  • Truk raid.
  • Hollandia.
  • June 1944: Marianas. Saipan.
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Sea. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • Palau.
  • Leyte.
  • October 1944: Battle of Leyte Gulf.
  • Bataan. Corregidor.
  • Lingayan.
  • 1945: Port catapult removed.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • May 1945: Refit in United States.
  • August 1945: Philippines. Korea for Japanese surrender.

CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa

  • Manufacturer: New York Ship Building
  • September 3, 1931: Laid down.
  • November 15, 1933: Launched.
  • August 17, 1934: Completed.
  • 1934: Member of Cruiser Division 6. West coast.
  • 1939: East coast.
  • Spring 1939: Cruise around South America.
  • September 1939: Neutrality Patrol in North Atlantic.
  • August 1941: Escorted troop convoys to Ireland.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • April 1942: Member of British Home Fleet at Scapa Flow. Arctic convoy escort.
  • September 1942: Refit in United States.
  • October 1942: Sixteen 20 mm guns in total.
  • November 1942: North Africa. Western Task Force off Casablanca. Damaged French Fourgueux. Submarines Meduse and Antiope missed with torpedo attacks.
  • December 1942: Refit in United States.
  • September 1943: Raids on Norway. Escorted USS Ranger.
  • October 1943: Raid on Spitzbergen.
  • June 1944, June - July 1944: Normandy. Member of Force A off Utah Beach.
  • August 1944: Southern France.
  • January 1945: Member of 3rd Fleet. Based in Ulithi.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • March - April 1945, April 1945: Okinawa.
  • April 1945: 7th Fleet at Subic Bay, Philippines.

CA-38 USS San Francisco

  • Manufacturer: Mare Island Navy Yard
  • September 9, 1931: Laid down.
  • March 9, 1933: Launched.
  • February 10, 1934, April 23, 1934: Completed.
  • 1934 - 1938: Pacific.
  • 1938: Caribbean.
  • September 1939: Neutrality Patrols in Caribbean.
  • 1940: Member of Cruiser Division 6 at Pearl Harbor.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor. Was under refit at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard at time of attack. Not damage.
  • December 1941: Member of Task Force 14 (TF14), with USS Saratoga, in attempts to relieve Wake Island.
  • January 1942: Member of Task Force 11 (TF11), with USS Lexington, in aborted attempt to attack Wake Island.
  • February 20, 1942: Member of Task Force 11 (TF11) with ANZAC force in attack on Rabaul.
  • March 1942: Attack on Japanese landings at Lae.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • April 1942: Convoy escort between United States and Australia.
  • August 1942: Gualdalcanal. Tulagi.
  • August 7, 1942: Flagship of cruisers in Task Force 18 (TF18).
  • August 1942: Battle of Eastern Solomons.
  • October 1942: Battle of Cape Esperance. Member of Task Force 64 (TF64). Helped to sink IJN Fubuki.
  • October 1942: Battle of Santa Cruz.
  • November 12, 1942: Received damage from Japanese aircraft off Lunga Point. Battle of Savo Island. Heavily damaged.
  • November 1942 - February 1943: Repairs at Mare Island Navy Yard.
  • February 26, 1943: South Pacific.
  • April - August 1943: Member of Task Force 16 (TF16) in the Aleutians. Bombarded Attu and Kiska during retaking.
  • October 1943: Attacks on Wake Island.
  • November 1943: Gilbert Islands. Supported Makin invasion.
  • December 1943: Kwajalein.
  • Truk raid.
  • Hollandia.
  • Saipan.
  • Guam.
  • Marianas. Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • July - October 1944: Refit in United States.
  • November 1944: Flagship of Cruiser Division 6 at Ulithi.
  • Leyte. Philippines.
  • South China Sea.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • Philippines.

CA-39 USS Quincy

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • November 15, 1933: Laid down.
  • June 19, 1935: Launched.
  • June 9, 1936: Completed.
  • 1936: Member of Cruiser Division 8 in the Atlantic.
  • Summer 1936: Mediterranean during Spanish Civil War.
  • September 1936: Returned to United States.
  • Spring 1937: Member of Cruiser Division 7 in the Pacific.
  • 1939: Cruiser around South America to the Atlantic.
  • Spring 1941: Neutrality Patrols in mid and north Atlantic. Convoy escort to South Africa and Iceland.
  • March - May 1942: Refit at New York Navy Yard.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Member of Task Force 18 (TF18) in Pacific.
  • August 7, 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi. Lunga Point.
  • August 9, 1942: Sunk. Battle of Savo Island.

CA-44 USS Vincennes

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • January 2, 1934: Laid down.
  • May 21, 1936: Launched.
  • February 24, 1937: Completed.
  • 1937: Cruise to Scandinavia and Europe.
  • Member of Cruiser Division 7 in Pacific.
  • April 1939: Atlantic.
  • September 1939: Neutrality Patrol.
  • March 1942: Pacific.
  • April 1942: Escorted Doolittle raid.
  • April - July 1942: Refit at Pearl Harbor.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • June 1942: Midway.
  • July 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi. Member of Task Group 62 (TG62).
  • August 9, 1942: Sunk. Battle of Savo Island.

Specifications

  New Orleans class
Crew 868, 876 - 1,200, 1,050
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,950 tons, 10,136 tons
Displacement - Loaded 12,493 tons
Length 588'
179.22 m
Length - Waterline 574', 578'
176.18 m
Beam 61' 9"
18.82 m
Draft / Height 19' 5", 19' 6", 22' 9"
6.93 m
Performance  
Speed 32.7 knots
Range at 15 knots 10,000 nautical miles
Armament 8" triple turrets, 8" L/55 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 5", 5" L/25: 8
40 mm: 16
20 mm: 19
0.5" machine guns: 8
Aircraft 4
Armor  
Barbettes 5"
Control Tower 8"
Deck 3" + 2"
Deck - Machinery 2.25"
Deck - Magazines 2.25"
Belt - Main 1.5" - 5", 3.25" - 5", 4" - 5.75"
Magazines - Sides 3" - 4"
Turrets - Front 5" - 6", 6"
Turrets - Rear 3"
Turrets - Side 1.5", 3"
Turrets - Top 2.25"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 8
Shafts 4
Turbines Geared, Westinghouse geared
HP 107,000
Oil 1,241 tons - 1,861 tons, 1,650 tons, 1,861 tons
  Quincy
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,375 tons
Armor  
Barbettes 5.5"
  San Francisco
Armor  
Barbettes 6"
  Tuscaloosa
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,975 tons
Armor  
Barbettes 6"
Engines  
Turbines Parsons geared
  Vincennes
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,400 tons
Armor  
Barbettes 5.5"

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site