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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Kirov class cruiser

Design

The Kirov class started out as Project 26. The Kirov class was the first to be built by the new Soviet government.

Kirov and Maxim Gorkiy were to be built for the Baltic Fleet. The Voroshilov and Molotov were to be built for the Black Sea.

Italian Influence

In 1933 the Soviet Union obtained the designs to the Italian Raimondo Montecuccoli class and was the basis for the Kirov class.

Aircraft

There was one catapult for the KOR-1 floatplanes.

Armament

  Weight of Shell Range Elevation Max Height
7.1" / 18.1 cm 215 lb 41,340 yards    
3.9" L/56 B34 62 lb   85° 42,900'

Engines

Their were diesel engines for cruising.

Ships

Kaganovich

  • Class: Kirov, Maxim Gorkiy
  • Manufacturer: Amur Yard at Komsomolsk, Komsomolsk Yard
  • August 26, 1938, 1939: Laid down.
  • October 1943, May 7, 1944: Launched.
  • June 1944, December 6, 1944: Completed.
  • December 1944: Member of Far East Fleet.

Kalinin

  • Class: Kirov, Maxim Gorkiy
  • Manufacturer: Amur Yard, Komsomolsk Yard
  • June 12, 1938, 1939: Laid down.
  • May 8, 1942, April 1943: Launched.
  • December 31, 1942, 1943: Completed.
  • December 1942: Member of Far East Fleet.

Kirov

  • Class: Kirov
  • Manufacturer: Ordzonikidze at Leningrad, Ordzhonikidze Yard, Putilov Dock Yard
  • 1934, October 22, 1935: Laid down.
  • November 30, 1936, December 1, 1936: Launched.
  • August 1937, September 23, 1938, September 26, 1938: Completed.
  • December 1, 1939: Fired on Finnish shore batteries on Russarö and Hangö.
  • 1941: Aircraft equipment removed. Two 3.9" guns added.
  • June 1941: Three 45 mm guns removed. Five 37 mm L/67 guns added.
  • June 1941: Based at Riga. Mine laying in Irben Straits.
  • August 1941: Helped with defense of Reval.
  • August 28 - 19, 1941: Sailed to Leningrad.
  • October 31, 1941: Hit by bombs at Novorossisk.
  • February 1942: Finished repairs at Poti.
  • April 4, 1942: Hit by bomb.
  • April 24, 1942: Hit by two bombs.
  • April 1942 - Early 1943: Repairs in Leningrad.
  • 1943: 45 mm guns removed.
    Ten 37 mm, six 0.5" machine guns, and two 7.5 mm machine guns in total.
    Five 37 mm L/67 guns added. Ten 37 mm L/67, four 0.5" machine guns, and four depth charge throwers in total.
  • January 1944: Supported offensive at Krasnosel'sk-Ropshin.
  • June 1944: Supported offensive at Viborg.

Maksim Gorky, Maxim Gorkiy

  • Class: Kirov, Maxim Gorkiy
  • Manufacturer: Ordezonikidze at Leningrad, Ordzhonikidze Yard, Putilov Dock Yard
  • 1934, December 20, 1936: Laid down.
  • December 1937, April 30, 1938: Launched.
  • 1939, October 25, 1940, November 12, 1940: Completed.
  • June 1941: Member of Baltic Fleet at Ust-Dvinsk.
  • June 23, 1941: Lost bow to mine on way to lay mines in Gulf of Finland. Repairs in Leningrad.
  • September 1941: Bombarded German troops.
  • September 18, 1941: Lightly damaged by German artillery fire.
  • September 23, 1941: Damage by bombs.
  • April 1942, April 4, 1942: Hit by German artillery fire.
  • 1943: Three 37 mm and two 0.5" machine guns were added.
  • January 1944: Bombarded German positions during offensive to relieve Leningrad.
  • June 1944: Bombarded German positions in support of operations against Krasnosel'sk-Ropshin and Viborg.

Molotov

  • Class: Kirov, Maxim Gorkiy
  • Manufacturer: Marti South Yard at Nikolaiev, Marti Yard at Nikolayev
  • 1935, November 1936, January 14, 1937: Laid down.
  • February 23, 1939, March 19, 1939: Launched.
  • June 14, 1941: Completed.
  • June 1941: Member of Black Sea Fleet.
  • November 1, 1941: Defense of Sevastopol.
  • November 1941: Shelled German troops between Feodosia and Cape Chauda.
  • December 1941: Helped with defense of Sevastopol. Evacuated 600 wounded.
  • January 1, 1942: Transported troops to Sevastopol.
  • January 9, 1942: Bombarded German troops near Feodosia.
  • January 22, 1942: Damaged by weather while in Tuapse.
  • February 21, 1942: Bombarded German troops near Feodosia.
  • March 1942: Delivered reinforcements and supplies four times to Sevastopol.
  • August 2, 1942: 60' of stern shot off by airborne torpedo.
  • August 3, 1942: 65' of stern shot off by torpedo from Italian AS568.
  • August 1942 - Late 1943: Repairs at Poti.

Voroshilov

  • Class: Kirov
  • Manufacturer: Marti South Yard at Nikolaiev, Marti Yard at Nikolayev
  • October 15, 1935, 1936: Laid down.
  • June 28, 1939, 1940: Launched.
  • June 15, 1940, June 20, 1940: Completed.
  • June 1941: Member of Black Sea Fleet.
  • June 25 - 27, 1941: Supported destroyer attack on Constanza.
  • Mid September 1941: Bombarded Axis troops around Odessa.
  • November 2, 1941: Damaged by two bombs at Novorossisk.
  • November 1941 - February 1942: Repairs in Poti.
  • May 1942: Supported Army at Kerch and Taman Peninsula.
  • May 27, 1942: Carried troops to Sevastopol.
  • November 29 - December 2, 1942: Attacked shipping off Romania and Bulgaria. Damaged by mine off Zmeiny Island.
  • December 1942: Repairs Batum.
  • January 30 - 31, 1943: Supported landings at Novorossisk.

Specifications

  Kirov class
Crew 624, 734, 872
Displacement 7,756 tons, 7,880 tons, 8,800 tons
Displacement - Loaded 9,207 tons, 9,436 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 626' 8", 627' 6"
191 m, 191.4 m
Length - Water Line 613' 4"
187 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 584', 613' 6"
178 m
Beam 57' 11", 64'
17.66 m, 17.72 m
Draft / Height 21', 23' 9"
7.23 m
Performance  
Speed 35 knots, 36 knots
Range at 18 knots 3,750 nautical miles
Armament 7.1", 7.1" / 18 cm L/57 triple turrets: 3, 9
Anti-Aircraft 4": 8
3.9" L/56 B34, 10 cm L/56: 6
45 mm 21-K, 45 mm L/46: 6
37 mm: 10
0.5" machine guns, machine guns: 4, 6
Mines 60, 90, 100
Torpedoes 21": 2 mounts 3 tubes each
Aircraft 2
Armor  
Barbettes 2"
Belt - Main 2", 2" - 3"
5 cm
Control Tower 4", 6"
10 cm
Deck 2"
5 cm
Gunhouses 3" - 4"
Turrets 3"
7.5 cm
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow-Nomand: 6
Yarrow or Nomand: 6
Shafts 2, 4
Engines Diesels
Turbines Geared
HP 100,000, 113,000
Oil 1,280 tons
  Maxim Gorkiy class
Crew 963
Displacement 8,177 tons
Displacement - Loaded 9,792 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 626' 8"
191 m
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 58' 1"
17.7 m
Draft / Height 20' 9"
6.33 m
Performance  
Speed 35 knots
Range at 18 knots  
Armament 18 cm L/57 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 10 cm L/56: 6
45 mm L/46: 10
0.5" machine guns: 4
Mines 100
Torpedoes 21": 2 mounts 3 tubes each
Aircraft 2
Armor  
Barbettes 2"
Belt - Main 2"
Control Tower 6"
Deck 2"
Turrets 3"
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow-Normand: 6
Shafts 2
Engines Diesels
Turbines Geared
HP 129,500
Oil  
  Maksim Gorky
Crew 953
Displacement 8,048 tons
Displacement - Loaded 9,948 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 626' 8"
191.4 m
Length - Water Line 613' 4"
187 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 584'
178 m
Beam 58' 1"
17.7 m
Draft / Height 20' 9"
6.33 m
Performance  
Speed 36 knots
Range at 18 knots 4,880 nautical miles
Armament 7.1" L/57 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 3.9" B34 L/56: 6
45 mm 21-K: 6
0.5" machine guns: 6
Torpedoes 21": 2 mounts 3 tubes each
Aircraft 2
Armor  
Belt - Main 7 cm
Control Tower 10 cm
Deck 5 cm
Turrets 7.5 cm
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow-Nomand: 6
Shafts 2
Turbines Geared
HP 129,750
Oil 1,650 tons
  Voroshilov
Crew 881
Displacement 7,845 tons, 7,970 tons
Displacement - Loaded 9,950 tons, 9,973 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed 34 knots
Range at 18 knots 2,140 nautical miles
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Mines 164
Torpedoes  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP 122,500
Oil  

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site