World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2017
Search:
Japan's Imperial Army flag

Japan's Kawasaki Ki-10 fighter, Army Type 95 Fighter Model 1
Allied code name: Perry

Photos

  • Kawasaki Ki-10 fighter

 

Design

The Kawasaki Ki-10 was the best biplane fighter in Japanese service with its maneuverability. When later monoplane designs came along pilots wanted them to be as maneuverable as the Ki-10.

In September 1934 Kawasaki was asked by the Koku Hombu to design a bi-plane fighter and Nakajima (became the Ki-11) was asked to build a monoplane fighter. The Ki-10 was designed by Takeo Doi, Imachi, and Tojo. The Kawasaki Ki-10, though not as fast as the Nakajima Ki-11, it won the contract for production.

Construction

The Ki-10's frame was all metal with an alloy and fabric cover.

Prototype

The prototype had ailerons only in the upper wing. The two blade propeller was driven by a Kawasaki Ha-9-IIa (850 HP) 12 cylinder engine. It was finished in March 1935. The second prototype was finished in April 1935.

To compete against the faster Nakajima Ki-11 a third prototype was built that had a three blade metal propeller and flush rivets. A fourth prototype was similar but had more dihedral in the upper wing to improve stability.

Production

  • Prototype: 4
    • Production: Spring 1935
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-I, Army Type 95 Fighter Model 1: 300
    • Production: December 1935 - October 1937
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-I KAI prototype: 1
    • Production: October 1936
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-II prototype: 1
    • Production: May 1936
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-II, Army Type 95 Fighter Model 2: 280
    • Production: June 1937 - December 1938
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-II KAI prototypes: 2
    • Production: November 1937
  • Total: 588
    • Manufacturer: Kawasaki Kokuki Kogyo K.K. at Gifu

Variants

  • Kawasaki Ki-10-I, Army Type 95 Fighter Model 1:
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-I KAI: Radiator moved to under a cleaned up engine cowling. Wheel covers were added to reduce drag.
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-II, Army Type 95 Fighter Model 2: Span of wings and fuselage length increased.
  • Kawasaki Ki-10-II KAI: Radiator moved to under a cleaned up engine cowling. Wheel covers were added to reduce drag.

Usage

The Ki-10-I and Ki-10-II were used in Formosa, Japan, Korea, and Manchukuo.

Units

  • Rentais: 1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 13
  • Sentais: 4, 9, 33, 59, 64, 77
  • Akeno Fighter Training School

Sino-Japanese War

During the Sino-Japanese War the Ki-10-I and Ki-10-II were used against the Chinese.

World War II

During World War II they were used at trainers.

A few saw combat in China.

Specifications

  Ki-10-I
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Kawasaki Ha-9-IIa
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 850
Propeller blades 3 metal
Dimensions  
Span 31' 3 31/32"
9.55 m
Length 23' 7 15/32"
7.2 m
Height 9' 10 1/8"
3 m
Wing area 215.277 sq ft
20 sq m
Weight  
Empty 2,866 lb
1,300 kg
Loaded 3,638 lb
1,650 kg
Performance  
Speed at 9,845' / 3,000 m 248.5 mph
400 kph
Climb to 16,405' / 5,000 m 5 minutes
Service ceiling 32,810'
10,000 m
Range 684 miles
1,100 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.7 mm Type 89 MG
  Ki-10-I KAI
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Kawasaki Ha-9-IIa
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 850
Propeller blades 3 metal
Dimensions  
Span 31' 3 31/32"
9.55 m
Length 23' 7 15/32"
7.2 m
Height 9' 10 1/8"
3 m
Wing area 215.277 sq ft
20 sq m
Weight  
Empty 2,866 lb
1,300 kg
Loaded 3,638 lb
1,650 kg
Performance  
Speed at 9,845' / 3,000 m 261 mph
420 kph
Climb to 16,405' / 5,000 m 5 minutes
Service ceiling 32,810'
10,000 m
Range 621 miles
1,000 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.7 mm Type 89 MG
  Ki-10-II
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Kawasaki Ha-9-IIa
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 850
Propeller blades 3 metal
Dimensions  
Span 32' 10.5"
10.02 m
Length 24' 9.25"
7.55 m
Height 9' 10 1/8"
3 m
Wing area 247.569 sq ft
23 sq m
Weight  
Empty 2,998 lb
1,360 kg
Loaded 3,836 lb
1,740 kg
Performance  
Speed at 9,845' / 3,000 m 248.5 mph
400 kph
Climb to 16,405' / 5,000 m 5 minutes
Service ceiling 37,730'
11,500 m
Range 684 miles
1,100 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.7 mm Type 89 MG
  Ki-10-II KAI
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Kawasaki Ha-90-IIb
Cylinders V 12
Cooling Liquid
Net HP 850
Propeller blades 3 metal
Dimensions  
Span 32' 10.5"
10.02 m
Length 24' 9.25"
7.55 m
Height 9' 10 1/8"
3 m
Wing area 247.569 sq ft
23 sq m
Weight  
Empty 3,086 lb
1,400 kg
Loaded 3,924 lb
1,780 kg
Performance  
Speed at 12,470' / 3,800 m 276.5 mph
445 kph
Climb 16,405'
5,000 m
Service ceiling 37,730'
11,500 m
Range 621 miles
1,000 km
Armament  
Nose 2: 7.7 mm Type 89 MG

Sources:

  1. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, René J Francillon, 1970
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site