World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2018
Search:
Italy's flagItaly's Royal Airforce marking

Italy's Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio reconnaissance

Photos

  • Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio reconnaissance
  • Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance
  • Caproni Ca.311 reconnaissance

Design

Starting in 1936 the Società Italiana Caproni produced five different models of two engine reconnaissance planes. Almost 1,700 were constructed.

The Ca.311 was to replace the Ro.37 reconnaissance plane. It was based on the Ca.310bis.

The Caproni Ca.309 Construction

The Ca.309 was a steel tubing frame with alloy panels welded. The wings were plywood covered and the fuselage fabric covered.

Production

  • Caproni Ca.309:
    • Production: 1936 - ?
  • Caproni Ca.310:
    • Production: 1937 - ?
  • Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio:
    • Production: 1937 - ?
  • Caproni Ca.313: 215
    • Production: 1940 - ?
  • Caproni Ca.314: 425
  • Total of all models of Capronis: 1,693
  • Manufacturer: Società Italiana Caproni

Variants

  • Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli (desert wind): Low wing plane with a composite cover. The nose had transparent panels for the bombardier.
  • Caproni Ca.310:
  • Caproni Ca.311: Had glazed nose for bombing and reconnaissance.
  • Caproni Ca.311 Libeccio: Had larger side windows.
  • Caproni Ca.311M (Modificato): Had stepped cockpit windows.
  • Caproni Ca.312: Experimental version of the Ca.310 Libeccio.
  • Caproni Ca.312 I.S.: Torpedo bomber floatplane version.
  • Caproni Ca.313:
  • Caproni Ca.314:

Usage

Ca.309

In 1939 a Ca.309, flown by Croce and Floravante won the IV Raduno Sahariana.

There were 69 Ca.309s available in 1940 and of those 42 were operational. The were with the:

  • Aviazione Presidio Coloniale at Mellaha
  • Aviazione Presidio Coloniale at El Adem
  • 26a Squadriglie Aviazione Sahariana at Curfra
  • 99a Squadriglie Aviazione Sahariana at Hon

The Ca.309s were used in Africa until 1942.

Exports of the Ca.310

The Ca.310 was bought by Hungary, Norway, Yugoslavia, and some South American countries.

Ca.311 Units

  • Soviet Union: 61° and 71° Gruppi Osservazione Aera
  • Croatia: 61° and 63° Gruppi Osservazione Aera
  • North Africa: 68° and 69° Gruppi Osservazione Aera

Ca.312

Norway ordered twelve Ca.312 bombers in 1939 but none were delivered.

Some of the Ca.312s were used in North Africa in 1942.

Specifications

  Ca.309
Type Light Reconnaissance Bomber
Crew  
Engine (Type) 2: Alfa Romeo 115-I or II
Cylinders Inline 6
HP 185/200
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Span 53' 1.5"
Length 43' 7.25"
Height 10' 8.5"
Wing Area 416.5 sq ft
Weight  
Empty 4,409 lb
Loaded 6,607 lb
Performance  
Speed 155 mph
Speed - Cruising 130 mph
Service ceiling 14,760'
Range 417 miles
Armament 3: 7.7 mm MG
Bombs 650 lb
  Ca.311
Type Reconnaissance
Crew 3
Engine (Type) 2: Piaggio P.VII RC 35
2: Piaggio P.XVI
Cylinders Radial, Radial 7
HP P.VII: 470 each, 500 each
P.XVI: 650 each
Cooling Air
Dimensions  
Span 53' 1", 53' 10"
Length 38' 6", 38' 6.125", 40' 4"
Height 10' 6", 12' 1"
Weight  
Empty 8,020 lb
Loaded 10,645 lb, 11,062 lb, 12,300 lb
Performance  
Speed 217 mph, 227 mph, 260 mph
Cruising Speed 186 mph
Service ceiling 24,280'
Range 800 - 1,200 miles, 990 miles, 1,250 miles
Armament 3: 7.7 mm MG
Caproni Lanciani Turret - Dorsal 1: 7.7 mm / .303" MG
Wing - Port 1: 7.7 mm / .303" MG
Ventral Hatch 1: 7.7 mm / .303" MG
Bombs 880 lb
  Ca.311M
Dimensions  
Length 39' 8.5"
  Ca.312
Engine (Type) 2: Piaggio P.XVI R.C.35
Cylinders Radial
HP 650 each
Cooling Air
Propeller Blades 3
Dimensions  
Length 43' 11.5"

Sources:

  1. World War II Airplanes Volume 1, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  5. Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945, Jonathan Thompson, 1963
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site