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Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II

Photos

Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II on exercise in the United Kingdom in August 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II on exercise in the United Kingdom in August 1941
IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II of the 50th Royal Tank Regiment near Mareth Line, March 1943:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, 50th Royal Tank Regiment near Mareth Line, March 1943
IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II
IWM
Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, of the 48th Royal Tanks, 21st Army Tank Brigade in Suffolk in June 1941:
Great Britain's Infantry Tank Mk III, Valentine Mk II, of the 48th Royal Tanks, 21st Army Tank Brigade in Suffolk in June 1941
IWM

Design

There was a periscope in the turret roof for the commander. The gunner had a Vickers tank periscope in the turret roof. He also had a Telescope Sighting No. 30 Mk I or Mk IA. There were two Vickers periscopes on the room of the hull for the driver.

Variants

  • Valentine II, Mk II*: (with 75 mm) As Mk I with AEC diesel 131hp. Those used in desert were fitted with long range fuel tanks and sand shields.

Specifications

  Valentine Mk II
Crew Driver, commander, gunner
3
Radio Wireless Set No. 11, Wireless Set No. 19
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16 tons, 17 tons
16,000 kg
Length w/gun 17' 9", 19' 4"
5.89 m
Length w/o gun 17' 9"
5.41 m
Height 7' 5.5", 7' 6"
2.27 m, 2.29 m
Width 8' 7.5", 8' 8"
2.63 m, 2.64 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament (mm)  
Main 40 mm OQF 2 pdr Mk IX or X
2 pdr OQF Mk IX or X, L/52
2 pdr
1: 2 pdr (40 mm) OQF
Secondary  
MG 0.303" Bren MG, AA
MG - coaxial 1: 7.92 mm Besa MG
Side arms 2" Smoke discharger
Quantity  
Main 60
Secondary  
MG Besa: 3,150
Bren: 600
Side arms Smoke bombs: 18
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 30@68°
Hull Front, Lower 60@21°
Hull Sides, Upper 60@0°
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 65
Turret Sides 60
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) A.E.C. Type A 190, AEC, AEC Comet
Bore / stroke 120 mm / 142 mm
Cooling  
Cylinders I-6, 6
Capacity  
Net HP 131, 131@1,800 rpm
Power to weight ratio 8.1 hp/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Meadows Type No. 22, sliding pinion, 5 forward, reverse
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Capacity 36 gallons
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 15 mph
24 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 90 miles
145 km
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3'
Trench crossing 7' 9"
Vertical obstacle 3'
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Slow motion with 2 groups of 3 bogies
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side 3
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 14"
Diameter  
Number of links 103
Pitch 4.36"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 7' 3"

Sources:

  1. Western Allied Tanks 1939-45, David Porter, 2009
  2. The Royal Armoured Corps Tank Museum, Tanks 1919-1939 The Inter War Period, 1966
  3. AFV 6: Valentine Mark III, B.T. White
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  6. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site