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Great Britain's A43 Black Prince infantry tank


A43 Black Prince infantry tank:
Great Britain's A43 Black Prince infantry tank
Royal Armored Corps Tank Museum


In September 1941 the General Staff issued requirements to have infantry tanks have high velocity guns installed. The Churchill 3" Gun Carrier was developed and not much other design work was done. No other progress was made and it was thought that Churchill production would end in late 1942 once Cromwell production was in full stride. However, in late 1943 Vauxhall was asked to design a Churchill with a 17 pdr.

It was a wider Churchill Mk VII with stronger and wider tracks and suspension. Work started in January 1944 and 6 pilots were built with testing occurring in May 1945.

Initially nicknamed the "Super Churchill" but was renamed the Black Prince. Only six prototypes were made, and the project was dropped because the Centurion A41 was available.

Air intakes were placed on top of the hull. The hull MG had a telescope that was used for firing. Used a No. 19 radio.


  • Black Prince, A43: 6
    • Manufacturer: Vauxhall


Black Prince (A43)
Crew Commander, driver, gunner, loader, co-driver/hull gunner.
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 112,000 lb
49 tons, 50 tons
49,786 kg , 50,802 kg
Length 25' 6", 28' 11"
7.7 m, 8.81 m
Height 9'
2.7 m, 2.74 m
Width 11' 3", 11' 3.5"
3.4 m, 3.43 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Main 76 mm (17 pdr)
17 pdr OQF
17 pdr
MG 2: 7.92 mm Besa MG
2: 7.92 mm / 0.312" Besa MG
2: MG
Side arms  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 18 - 152, 25 - 152, 25, 152
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Bedford Flat 12
Bedford Twin
Bore / stroke  
Cylinders 2x6, 12
Net HP 350
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Merrit-Brown
Steering ratio  
Electrical System  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Fuel consumption road  
Fuel consumption cross country  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 11 mph
17.7 kph, 18 kph
Speed - Cross Country 7 mph
Range - Road 80 miles, 100 miles
160.93 km, 161 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 3' 4" unprepared.
Trench crossing 10'
Vertical obstacle 2' 6"
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)

Sprung bogies.

Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Width 24"
Number of links  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  


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