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Great Britain's "K" class destroyers

Photos

  • F12 HMS Kashmir destroyer
  • F28 KMS Kandahar destroyer
  • F37 HMS Kelvin destroyer
  • F50 HMS Kimberley destroyer
  • F91 HMS Kipling destroyer

Design

Order

The eight "K" class were ordered in April 1937.

Ships

HMS Kandahar, F.28

  • Builder: Denny
  • January 1938: Laid down
  • March 21, 1939: Launched
  • October 10, 1939: Commissioned
  • June 1940: Red Sea. Attacked Italian submarine Toriccelli. Damaged by gunfire from HMS Khartoum.
  • April 1941: Evacuation of Greece.
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • June 1941: Syria.
  • December 20, 1941: Sunk by mine east of Tripoli.

HMS Kashmir, F.12, formerly Javelin

  • Builder: Thornycroft
  • October 1937: Laid down
  • April 4, 1939: Launched
  • October 26, 1939: Commissioned
  • November 1939: With HMS Kingston and HMS Icarus sank U35.
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • May 23, 1941: Sunk by Stukas from I/St.G.2.

HMS Kelly, F.01, Class Leader

  • Builder: Hawthorn Leslie
  • August 26, 1937: Laid down
  • October 25, 1938: Launched
  • August 23, 1939: Commissioned
  • Autumn 1939: Hit magnetic mine.
  • Autumn - December 1939: Repairs
  • May 1940: Hit by torpedo fire by S31. Almost sank when both boiler rooms were flooded. Towed for 91 hours by HMS Bulldog to Tyne.
  • May - December 1940: Repairs
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • May 23, 1941: Sunk by Stukas from I/St.G.2.

HMS Kelvin, F.37

  • Builder: Fairfield
  • October 5, 1937: Laid down
  • January 19, 1939: Launched
  • November 27, 1939, 1939: Commissioned
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • May 23, 1941: Damaged by Stukas from I/St.G.2.
  • March 1942: 2nd Battle of Sirte.
  • 1943: North Africa campaign.
  • June 1944: Operation Overlord.
  • December 1944 - July 1945: Mediterranean
  • June 6, 1949, June 1949, 1949: Broken up at Troon

HMS Khartoum, F.45

  • Builder: Swan Hunter, Swan Hunter at Wallsend
  • October 27, 1937: Laid down
  • February 6, 1939: Launched
  • November 6, 1939: Commissioned
  • June 1940: Red Sea. Attacked Italian submarine Toriccelli. Beached at Perim.
  • June 23, 1940: Internal explosion from internal torpedo oxygen tank. Construction total loss.

HMS Kimberley, F.50

  • Builder: Thornycroft
  • January 1938: Laid down
  • June 1, 1939: Launched
  • December 21, 1939, 1939: Commissioned
  • April 1940: 2nd Battle of Narvik.
  • April 1941: Evacuation of Greece.
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • June 1941: Syria.
  • February 1942: Stern blown off by torpedo from U77.
  • February 1942 - January 1944: Repairs at Bombay.
  • June 1944: Operation Overlord.
  • August 1944: Invasion of southern France
  • 1949: Broken up
  • March 30, 1949: Sold. Scrapped at Troon.

HMS Kingston, F.64

  • Builder: S. White, White
  • October 6, 1937: Laid down
  • January 9, 1939: Launched
  • September 14, 1939: Commissioned
  • June 1940: Red Sea. Attacked Italian submarine Toriccelli. Damaged HMS Khartoum with gunfire.
  • April 1941: Evacuation of Greece.
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • June 1941: Syria.
  • March 1942: 2nd Battle of Sirte. Damaged by near misses.
  • April 11, 1942: While under repairs in dry dock at Malta was hit by bombs and rolled over. Construction total loss. Scrapped at Malta.

HMS Kipling, F.91

  • Builder: Yarrow
  • October 20, 1937: Laid down
  • January 1, 1939, May 22, 1940: Launched
  • December 11, 1940: Commissioned
  • 1941: RAN
  • May 1941: Evacuation of Crete.
  • December 1941: Sank U75.
  • March 1942: 2nd Battle of Sirte.
  • May 11, 1942, May 1942: Sortie with HMS Jackal, HMS Jervis, and HMS Lively. Sunk by German bombers while attacking Axis convoys along the North African coast.

Specifications

  "K" Class
Crew 183, 183 - 218, 220
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,690 tons, 1,760 tons, 1,760 - 1,773 tons
1,717 tonnes
Displacement - Loaded 2,330 tons, 2,330 - 2,384 tons
2,367 tonnes
Length 356' 6"
108.6 m, 108.66 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 339' 6"
103.4 m, 103.48 m
Length - Water Line 348'
106 m
Beam 35', 35' 8", 35' 9"
10.8 m, 10.87 m
Draft - Mean 9', 13' 8" - 13' 10"
2.7 m, 4.16 - 4.22 m
Performance  
Speed 36 knots
Range at 15 knots 5,500 nautical miles
Armament 6: 4.7" Mk XII (3 x 2), 4.7"/45 QF Mk XII (3 x 2), 4.7" (3 x 2), 4.7"
Anti-Aircraft 4: 2 pdr Mk VII (1 x 4), 2 pdr pompom (1 x 4), 4: 2 pdr AA (1 x 4), 40 mm AA
6: 20 mm AA
8: .5" machine guns (2 x 4), .5" AA (2 x 4)
Torpedo Tubes 10: 21" (2 x 5)
Engines  
Boilers 2: Admiralty 3 drum
Shafts 2
Turbines Parsons geared, Geared
HP 40,000
Oil 464 tons, 484 tons
492 tonnes
  "K" Class - Leader
Crew 218
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,695 tons, 1,965 tons
1,996 tonnes
  "K" Class - later
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement - Loaded 2,540 - 2,555 tons
Draft - Mean 14' 3"
4.34 m

Sources:

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  2. Destroyers of World War Two, M. J. Whitley, 1988
  3. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton & J. J. Colledge, 1964
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site