World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2019
Search:
Great Britain's Flag

Great Britain's "E" class, Escapade class, and Exmouth class destroyers

Photos

  • HMS Eclipse destroyer
  • HMS Electra destroyer
  • HMS Encounter destroyer
  • HMS Escapade destroyer
  • HMS Escort destroyer
  • HMS Esk destroyer
  • HMS Express destroyer

Design

Boiler Rooms

The "E" class destroyers had three boiler rooms.

Armament

If the well covers were lowered on the 4.7" guns they could elevate up to 40°.

Ships

HMS Echo, H.23, RHN Navarinon

  • Builder: Denny
  • March 20, 1933: Laid down
  • February 16, 1934: Launched
  • October 25, 1934: Commissioned
  • 1934 - 1940: Home waters.
  • 1941, 1942: With the 8th Flotilla in the Mediterranean
  • 1943: Mediterranean, Aegean
  • July 1943: Landings in Sicily
  • September 1943: Landings in Salerno
  • April 5, 1944, 1944: Transferred to Greece and became RHN Navarinon
  • April 4, 1956: Scrapped at Dunston

HMS Eclipse, H.08

  • Builder: Denny
  • March 22, 1933: Laid down
  • April 12, 1934: Launched
  • November 29, 1934: Commissioned
  • April 1940: Norway. Bombed and abandoned. 5 1/2 days later HMS Escort tows back to Britain.
  • March 1942: Damaged while escorting convoy PQ13 to Soviet Union
  • ? 1942 - Spring 1943: With the Home Fleet primarily in the Artic.
  • Spring 1943: Western Approaches
  • 1943: Mediterranean.
  • July 1943: Landings in Sicily
  • September 1943: Landings in Salerno
  • October 24, 1943: Sunk by mine off Kalimnos in Aegean.

HMS Electra, H.27

  • Builder: Hawthorn Leslie
  • March 15, 1933: Laid down
  • February 15, 1934: Launched
  • September 15, 1934: Commissioned
  • December 2, 1941: Arrived in Singapore
  • 1942: Eastern Fleet
  • February 1942: Battle of the Java Sea
  • February 27, 1942: Sunk

HMS Encounter, H.10

  • Builder: Hawthorn Leslie
  • March 15, 1933: Laid down
  • March 29, 1934: Launched
  • November 2, 1934: Commissioned
  • 1940: Mediterranean
  • Late 1941: Escorted HMS Repulse to Colombo.
  • 1942: Eastern Fleet
  • February 1942: Battle of the Java Sea
  • March 1, 1942: Sunk in the Sundra Strait with HMS Exeter and USS Pope.

HMS Escapade, H.17, Escapade class

  • Builder: Scotts
  • Cost: £300,000
  • March 30, 1933: Laid down
  • January 30, 1934: Launched
  • August 30, 1934: Commissioned
  • September 3, 1934: Completed
  • July 1940: Mers-el-Kebir
  • September 1940: Dakar
  • 1942 - 1943: Converted to escort destroyer. 'A' gun was replaced by a hedgehog and the 'Y' gun replaced by four depth charge throwers. 3" gun was removed.
  • November 1943: Operation Torch
  • Late 1943 - 1945: Escort in North Atlantic
  • 1946: Sold
  • February 1947, 1947: Scrapped at Grangemouth

HMS Escort, H.66

  • Builder: Scotts
  • March 30, 1933: Laid down
  • March 29, 1934: Launched
  • November 6, 1934: Commissioned
  • 1940: Mediterranean
  • April 1940: Tows HMS Echo back to Britain from Norway.
  • July 11, 1940: Sunk by torpedo from Italian submarine Marconi. Sank while under tow.

HMS Esk, H.15

  • Builder: Swan Hunter at Wallsend, Swan Hunter
  • March 23, 1933: Laid down
  • March 19, 1934: Launched
  • September 29, 1934: Commissioned
  • ?: Converted into minelayer
  • ?: With 20th Flotilla
  • August 31, 1940: Sunk by mine off Texel
  • September 1, 1940: Lost

HMS Exmouth, "E" Class leader, H.02

  • Builder: Portsmouth Dock Yard, Fairfield at Portsmouth
  • May 16, 1933: Laid down
  • February 7, 1934: Launched
  • October 3, 1934: Commissioned
  • January 21, 1940: Sunk by U22 off Moray Firth

HMS Express, H.61, HMCS Gatineau

  • Builder: Swan Hunter at Wallsend, Swan Hunter
  • March 23, 1934: Laid down
  • May 29, 1934: Launched
  • October 31, 1934: Commissioned
  • ?: Converted into minelayer
  • ?: With 20th Flotilla
  • August 31, 1940: Heavily damaged by mine
  • 1942: Eastern Fleet
  • June 3, 1943, 1943: Transferred to Canada and became HMCS Gatineau
  • 1943 - 1945: Western Approaches
  • 1956: Scrapped in Vancouver

Usage

Before World War II

In mid-1930s the 5th Destroyer Flotilla, with the Home fleet, was formed when the "E" class were completed.

In 1939 when the "K" class destroyers joined the 5th Flotilla the "D" class went into reserve. The minelayers remained in the 20th Flotilla.

Specifications

  "E" Class
Crew 145
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,350 - 1,405 tons, 1,375 tons, 1,405 tons
1,427 tonnes
Displacement - Loaded 1,886 - 1,940 tons, 1,940 tons
1,971 tonnes
Length 329'
100.28 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 318' 3"
97 m
Length - Water Line 318' 3"
97 m
Beam 33' 3"
10.13 m
Draft - Mean 8' 6", 12' 6"
3.81 m
Draft - Mean Deep Load 12' 6"
3.81 m
Performance  
Speed 35.5 knots, 36 knots
Range at 15 knots 6,350 nautical miles
Armament 4: 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX (4 x 1), 4.7" (4 x 1)
Anti-Aircraft 8: .5" AA (2 x 4)
Torpedo Tubes 8: 21" Mk IX (2 x 4), 21" (2 x 4)
Depth Charges 20
Engines  
Boilers 3: Admiralty 3-Drum
Shafts 2
Turbines Parsons geared, Geared
HP 36,000
Oil 470 tons, 471 tons
477 tonnes
Oil - Esk 480 tons
488 tonnes
  "E" Class - Later
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement - Loaded 2,025 - 2,095 tons
Draft - Mean Deep Load 13' - 13' 2"
3.96 - 4.01 m
Armament 4: 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX (4 x 1)
Armament - Escapade, Esk, Express 2: 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX (2 x 1)
Anti-Aircraft - except Escort 1: 3" HA
6: 20 mm
Anti-Aircraft - Escapade 6: 20 mm
Torpedo Tubes 1: 21" Mk IX (1 x 4)
Torpedo Tubes - Escort 2: 21" Mk IX (2 x 4)
Torpedo Tubes - Esk, Express 0
Depth Charges 125
Depth Charges - Escapade 60
Mines - Esk, Express 60, 60 - 72
  Escapade class
Crew 145
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,350 tons
Displacement - HMS Escapade 1,375 tons
Length 329'
Length - Between Perpendiculars 318' 3"
Length - Water Line 326'
Beam 33' 3"
Draft - Mean 8' 6"
Performance  
Speed 36 knots
Range at 15 knots 6,000 miles
Armament 4: 4.7"
Anti-Aircraft 1: 3" AA
Torpedo Tubes 4: 21"
Depth Charge Throwers 2
Engines  
Boilers 2: Admiralty 3 drum
Turbines Parsons geared
HP 36,000
Oil 480 tons
  Exmouth class, HMS Exmouth
Crew 175
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 1,350 tons, 1,460 - 1,495 ton, 1,495 tons
1,519 tonnes
Displacement - Loaded 2,009 - 2,049 tons, 2,049 tons
2,082 tonnes
Length 343'
104.5 m, 104.54 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars 332'
101 m, 101.19 m
Length - Water Line 340'
103.6 m
Beam 33' 9"
10.29 m, 10.3 m
Draft - Mean 8' 9", 12' 6"
3.81 m
Draft - Mean Deep Load 12' 6"
3.81 m
Performance  
Speed 36 knots, 36.75 knots
Range at 15 knots 6,350 nautical miles
Armament 5: 4.7"/45 QF Mk IX (5 x 1), 4.7" (5 x 1)
Anti-Aircraft 8: .5" AA (2 x 4)
Torpedo Tubes 8: 21" (2 x 4)
Engines  
Boilers 3: Admiralty 3 drum
Shafts 2
Turbines Parsons geared
HP 38,000
Oil 470 tons, 471 tons
477 tonnes

Sources:

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  2. Destroyers of World War Two, M. J. Whitley, 1988
  3. Warships of World War II, H. T. Lenton & J. J. Colledge, 1964
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site