The Hurricane first joined the Royal Air Force (RAF) in December 1937.
Start of World War II
By September 1939 there were 497 / under 500 Hurricanes equipping 18 squadrons.
Battle of France
Twelve of the Hurricane squadrons were sent to France.
Battle of Britain
Hurricanes equipped 26 squadrons at the start of the Battle of Britain. Only 19 squadrons had Spitfires. Typically the Spitfires were to battle the German escorting fighters while the Hurricanes would go after the bombers.
The Hurricane was the main fighter used by the Royal Air Force against the Germans during the Battle of Britain. The Hurricane shot down more enemy planes than all the other defenses combined.
There were 659 Hurricane Mk Is in 29 squadrons.
Between August and October 1940 there were 688 Hurricanes lost.
The Hurricanes were used until 1943.
The Hurricanes were used until the end of the war.
Five RAF squadrons were equipped with the Mk IICs and were used in raids in north western Europe.
Hurricanes were in service with No. 6 Squadron until 1946.
In 1938 20 Hurricane Mk Is were ordered by Canada and delivered from February to August 1939.
With the war coming, Britain wanted to assure their supply of Hurricanes so asked the Canadians to start producing them in Canada. A contract for 40 Hurricane Mk Is was placed with the Canadian Car & Foundry (CCF) in March 1939.
The first CCF built Hurricane Mk I was flown in January 1940.
The Mk XII was built by Canada. It was a Mk II with different armament and a Packard Merlin engine.
Egypt, India, Ireland, Soviet Union, and Turkey used the Hurricane.
Hurricane Mk I
Australia, Belgium, Britain, Canada, Netherlands, Romania, South Africa, Turkey, and Yugoslavia used the Hurricane Mk I.
The Hurricane Mk I saw action in the Norwegian campaign.
Around 200 Hurricane Mk Is were lost in the Battle of France.
Battle of Britain
Over half of the aircraft shot down in the Battle of Britain were by Hurricane Mk Is.
Hurricane Mk II
Britain, France, India, Eire, Portugal, South Africa, and the Soviet Union used the Hurricane Mk II.
There were 80 RAF squadrons that had Hurricane Mk IICs.
The Hurricane Mk IIB was first used over France in November 1941.
The Soviet Union received around 2,900 Hurricane Mk IIs.
Hurricane Mk IV
The Hurricane Mk IV was used by Britain and the Soviet Union.
Hurricane Mk X
The Hawker Hurricane Mk X was used by Britain, Canada, and the Soviet Union.