The countries that used the Gladiator were Belgium, Britain, China, Egypt, Eire, Finland, Greece, Iraq, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, and Sweden.
Gladiators saw action in North Africa, Greece, and Palestine in 1939 and 1940. These were mostly flown by Australians and South Africans.
Gladiators entered the RAF in January 1937.
Eventually 20 squadrons in England were equipped from 1937 to 1940.
There were 29 RAF and four RN squadrons equipped with Gladiators.
The last of the Gladiators were taken out of service in 1944. The No. 247 Squadron was the last to fly them.
Start of World War II
There were 13 Fighter Command squadrons equipped with the Gladiator at the start of World War II.
Battle of France
Two squadrons went to France at the start of World War II. A squadron was used to defend the Plymouth dockyards.
Battle of Britain
There was only one squadron of Gladiators that took part in the Battle of Britain.
In early June 1940, on Malta, there were Sea Gladiators that were named Faith, Hope, and Charity.
China received 36 in 1938.
Bought Gladiators and used them against the Soviets. Some had ski landing gear installed.
Norway used the Gladiators early in the war and some had ski landing gear installed.
Gladiators from the destroyed HMS Glorious were flown from the frozen Lake Lesjaskog during the Norwegian campaign.
Portugal also had Gladiators.
A Swedish squadron, that fought with the Finns against the Soviets, shot down twelve Soviet aircraft for three Gladiator losses.
Eighteen Gladiators were designated JBA and had Nohab Mercury VIIIS.3 radial engines.