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World War II Population Figures

Allied

  Population and Military Size at Start of World War II
Standing Forces Population
Australia   6,900,0006, 7,000,0003, 7,100,0008, 7,200,0005
Belgium   8,200,0003, 8,300,0006, 8,386,5535, 8,400,0008
Canada 9,2993, 10,3345 10,376,7665, 11,000,0004, 11,100,0006, 11,400,0008, 11,500,0003
China 2,000,0005 450,000,0006, 457,835,4755, 520,100,0008
Czechoslovakia   10,300,0006, 11,200,0008, 15,167,8005
France 900,0001 39,000,0008, 41,600,0001,2, 41,907,0565, 42,000,0006
Great Britain 681,0001
Army: 897,0005
Air Force: 174,0005
Marines: 12,3905
46,212,5995, 47,500,0006, 47,700,0002, 47,900,0001, 48,200,0008
Greece   7,000,0006, 7,196,9005, 7,345,000
India   359,000,0006, 378,000,0008
Netherlands   8,700,0006, 8,728,5605, 8,800,0008
New Zealand   1,600,0006,8, 1,624,7145
Norway   2,900,0006, 2,907,0005, 3,000,0008
Poland 1,200,0001,6
Army: 1,700,0005
26,900,0008, 34,600,0002, 34,800,0006, 34,775,6985, 35,000,0001
South Africa   9,979,0005, 10,000,0006, 10,300,0008
Soviet Union 9,000,0001
Air Force: 400,0005
Army: 5,000,0005
110,100,0008, 170,000,0002, 170,467,1865, 190,000,0001, 194,100,0006
United States 175,0001
Air Force: 354,0009
Army: 174,0005, 1,332,0009
Coast Guard: 28,0009
Marines: 18,0005, 75,0009
Navy: 160,0005, 380,0009
129,200,0006, 131,669,2755, 132,100,0001, 132,200,0008
Yugoslavia   15,400,0006, 15,630,0005, 15,800,0008
  War Dead
Europe Military Civilian
Australia   29,4006, 39,8008 7008
Belgium   8,0006 12,0006
Canada 42,0423 39,3006, 45,4008 08
China   1,400,0006 8,000,0006
Czechoslovakia   25,0008 215,0006, 300,0008
France 92,0001 122,0006, 217,6008 350,0008, 470,0006
Great Britain 144,0001 305,8006, 383,8008 60,6006, 67,1008
Greece   18,3006 675,0006
India   36,1006, 87,0008 1,500,0008
Netherlands   13,7006 150,0006
New Zealand   11,9008, 12,2006 08
Norway   2,0006 3,8006
Poland 110,8006, 120,0001 100,8006, 240,0008 5,300,0006, 5,380,0008
South Africa   8,7006  
Soviet Union 11,000,0001, 11,273,0267 8,800,008, 11,000,0006 6,700,0006, 14,600,0008
United States 143,0001 405,4006, 416,8008 1,7008
Yugoslavia 300,0001    
  War Dead
Total
(Civilian and Military)
Australia 40,5008
Canada 45,4008
Czechoslovakia 325,0008
France 567,6008
Great Britain 450,9008
India 1,587,0008
New Zealand 11,9008
Poland 5,620,0008
soviet Union 23,400,0008
United States 418,5008

Axis

  Population and Military Size at Start of World War II
Standing Forces Population
Bulgaria   6,300,0006, 6,341,0003, 6,370,0005, 6,500,0008
Finland   3,800,0006, 3,834,6625, 3,700,0008
Germany 3,180,0001
Army: 2,000,0005
68,400,0002, 70,700,0008, 76,800,0001, 78,000,0006, 86,170,0005
Hungary   9,300,0008, 10,000,0006, 11,137,9935
Italy 1,899,6001 43,800,0002,6,8, 44,026,0005, 44,200,0001
Japan Army: 2,100,0009
Navy: 291,3599
71,300,0008, 72,200,0006
Romania   15,900,0008, 19,600,0006, 19,900,0005
  War Dead
Europe Military Civilian
Austria   380,0008  
Bulgaria     90,0006
Finland 90,0001 89,9006 3,4006
Germany 3,500,0001 3,250,0006, 5,880,0008 2,350,0006
Hungary 136,0001 136,0006 300,0006
Italy 226,0001 226,9006, 457,0008 60,0006
Japan   1,587,8149, 1,740,0006, 2,620,0008 668,4006
Romania 519,0001 381,0006 340,0006
  War Dead
Total
(Civilian and Military)
Austria 380,0008
Germany 5,880,0008
Italy 457,0008
Japan 2,620,0008

Neutral

Population at Start of World War II
Spain 25,365,0005, 25,900,0008
Sweden 6,284,7225, 6,400,0008
Switzerland 4,200,0008, 4,260,1795

Sources:

  1. No Simple Victory - World War II In Europe, 1939-1945, 2006, Norman Davies
  2. World War II, DK, 2004
  3. The Oxford Companion To World War II, by I.C.B. Dear, M.R.D. Foot, 2001
  4. Canadian Forces In World War II, by René Chartrand, Illustrated by Ron Volstad, 2001
  5. World War II The Encyclopedia of the War Years 1941 - 1945, Norman Polmar, Thomas B. Allen, 1996
  6. World War II The Encyclopedia of Facts and Figures, John Ellis, 1995
  7. Stalin's Keys to Victory - The Rebirth of the Red Army in WWII, 2006, Walter S. Dunn, Jr.
  8. World War II in Numbers, Peter Doyle, 2013
  9. Japanese Destroyer Captain, Capt. Tameichi Hara, 1967
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site