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World War II Population Figures

Allied

  Population and Military Size at Start of World War II
Standing Forces Population
Australia   6,900,000, 7,000,000, 7,100,000, 7,200,000
Belgium   8,200,000, 8,300,000, 8,386,553, 8,400,000
Canada 9,299, 10,334 10,376,766, 11,000,000, 11,100,000, 11,400,000, 11,500,000
China 2,000,000 450,000,000, 457,835,475, 520,100,000
Czechoslovakia   10,300,000, 11,200,000, 15,167,800
France 900,000 39,000,000, 41,600,000, 41,907,056, 42,000,000
Great Britain 681,000
Army: 897,000
Air Force: 174,000
Marines: 12,390
46,212,599, 47,500,000, 47,700,000, 47,900,000, 48,200,000
Greece   7,000,000, 7,196,900, 7,345,000
India   359,000,000, 378,000,000
Netherlands   8,700,000, 8,728,560, 8,800,000
New Zealand   1,600,000, 1,624,714
Norway   2,900,000, 2,907,000, 3,000,000
Poland 1,200,000
Army: 1,700,000
26,900,000, 34,600,000, 34,800,000, 34,775,698, 35,000,000
South Africa   9,979,000, 10,000,000, 10,300,000
Soviet Union 9,000,000
Air Force: 400,000
Army: 5,000,000
110,100,000, 170,000,000, 170,467,186, 190,000,000, 194,100,000
United States 175,000
Air Force: 354,000
Army: 174,000, 1,332,000
Coast Guard: 28,000
Marines: 18,000, 75,000
Navy: 160,000, 380,000
129,200,000, 131,669,275, 132,100,000, 132,200,000
Yugoslavia   15,400,000, 15,630,000, 15,800,000
  War Dead
Europe Military Civilian
Australia   29,400, 39,800 700
Belgium   8,000 12,000
Canada 42,042 39,300, 45,400 0
China   1,400,000 8,000,000
Czechoslovakia   25,000 215,000, 300,000
France 92,000 122,000, 217,600 350,000, 470,000
Great Britain 144,000 305,800, 383,800 60,600, 67,100
Greece   18,300 675,000
India   36,100, 87,000 1,500,000
Netherlands   13,700 150,000
New Zealand   11,900, 12,200 0
Norway   2,000 3,800
Poland 110,800, 120,000 100,800, 240,000 5,300,000, 5,380,000
South Africa   8,700  
Soviet Union 11,000,000, 11,273,026 8,800,00, 11,000,000 6,700,000, 14,600,000
United States 143,000 405,400, 416,800 1,700
Yugoslavia 300,000    
  War Dead
Total
(Civilian and Military)
Australia 40,500
Canada 45,400
Czechoslovakia 325,000
France 567,600
Great Britain 450,900
India 1,587,000
New Zealand 11,900
Poland 5,620,000
soviet Union 23,400,000
United States 418,500

Axis

  Population and Military Size at Start of World War II
Standing Forces Population
Bulgaria   6,300,000, 6,341,000, 6,370,000, 6,500,000
Finland   3,800,000, 3,834,662, 3,700,000
Germany 3,180,000
Army: 2,000,000
68,400,000, 70,700,000, 76,800,000, 78,000,000, 86,170,000
Hungary   9,300,000, 10,000,000, 11,137,993
Italy 1,899,600 43,800,000, 44,026,000, 44,200,000
Japan Army: 2,100,000
Navy: 291,359
71,300,000, 72,200,000
Romania   15,900,000, 19,600,000, 19,900,000
  War Dead
Europe Military Civilian
Austria   380,000  
Bulgaria     90,000
Finland 90,000 89,900 3,400
Germany 3,500,000 3,250,000, 5,880,000 2,350,000
Hungary 136,000 136,000 300,000
Italy 226,000 226,900, 457,000 60,000
Japan   1,587,814, 1,740,000, 2,620,000 668,400
Romania 519,000 381,000 340,000
  War Dead
Total
(Civilian and Military)
Austria 380,000
Germany 5,880,000
Italy 457,000
Japan 2,620,000

Neutral

Population at Start of World War II
Spain 25,365,000, 25,900,000
Sweden 6,284,722, 6,400,000
Switzerland 4,200,000, 4,260,179

Sources:

  1. No Simple Victory - World War II In Europe, 1939-1945, 2006, Norman Davies
  2. World War II, DK, 2004
  3. The Oxford Companion To World War II, by I.C.B. Dear, M.R.D. Foot, 2001
  4. Canadian Forces In World War II, by René Chartrand, Illustrated by Ron Volstad, 2001
  5. World War II The Encyclopedia of the War Years 1941 - 1945, Norman Polmar, Thomas B. Allen, 1996
  6. World War II The Encyclopedia of Facts and Figures, John Ellis, 1995
  7. Stalin's Keys to Victory - The Rebirth of the Red Army in WWII, 2006, Walter S. Dunn, Jr.
  8. World War II in Numbers, Peter Doyle, 2013
  9. Japanese Destroyer Captain, Capt. Tameichi Hara, 1967
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