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United States' 1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Truck

Design

The wheels were the same in the front and the rear and could be interchanged. Both front and rear could have dual wheels mounted.

The cabs were enclosed.

Variants

  • 1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Truck: This chassis was the basic model for all the other variants.
  • 1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Cargo Truck: The body could carry cargo and also had troop seats. There were five bows that held up a canvas. Ventilation was provided by roll-up straps.
  • 1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Stake and Platform Truck: For use with the Signal Corp.
  • 1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Panel Delivery Truck: The cab is integrated with the body. It was designed to carry light cargo or Signal Corps radios. There were two rear doors for unloading.
  • 1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Tractor Truck: This truck could tow up to 12,000 lb semi-trailers. The brakes of the semi were independently operated by a control lever on the steering column.
  • Signal Corps Telephone Maintenance Truck, K-43:
  • Signal Corps Earth Borer and Pole Setter Truck:
  • Air Corps Field Lighting Truck:

Specifications

  1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Truck
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 4,500 lb
Weight - without winch  
Weight - with winch  
Payload  
Towing load 10,000 lb
Winch capacity 10,000 lb
Length 17' 2"
Length - without winch  
Length - with winch  
Height 7' 3"
Height - without bows  
Width 7' 2"
Ground clearance 9 7/8"
Ground pressure 18.4 psi
Wheelbase 145"
OR 175"
Armament  
Main  
Quantity  
Main  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model) Chevrolet BV-1001 UP
Bore / stroke 3 8/16 x 3 15/16
Cooling  
Cylinders 6
Capacity 235.5 cu in
Net HP 83.5@3,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Radiator (Type) Fin and tube
Capacity 17.25 quarts
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system 6 volt
Ignition  
Gear ratios - 1st speed 7.06:1
- 2nd speed 3.48:1
- 3rd speed 1.71:1
- 4th speed 1.00:1
- Reverse 6.98:1
Fuel (Type)  
Octane 70
Quantity 30 gallons
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Speed - Road 48 mph
Max speed towing  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 270 miles
Road radius towing 195 miles
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius 30'
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 2' 8"
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability 65%
Climbing ability towing  
Suspension (Type) Semi-elliptic
Wheels each side  
Wheels (Type) 7.50 x 20, 8 ply mud and snow
Wheels - desert 11.00 x 18, 10 ply
Width  
Diameter  
Tire tread  
Tread center to center 6' 7.5"
  1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Cargo Truck
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight  
Weight - without winch 10,865 lb
Weight - with winch 11,535 lb
Payload 2,320 lb
Towing load  
Winch capacity  
Length  
Length - without winch 18' 8"
Length - with winch 19' 3"
Height 8' 8.5"
Height - without bows 7' 3"
Width 7' 2"
Ground clearance 9 7/8"
Ground pressure 43.4 psi
Wheelbase 145"
OR  
Armament  
Main  
Quantity  
Main  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Radiator (Type)  
Capacity  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Gear ratios - 1st speed  
- 2nd speed  
- 3rd speed  
- 4th speed  
- Reverse  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Speed - Road  
Max speed towing  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Road radius towing  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Climbing ability towing  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Wheels (Type) 7.50 x 20, 8 ply mud and snow
Wheels - desert  
Width  
Diameter  
Tire tread  
Tread center to center 6' 7.5"
  1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Stake and Platform Truck
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 11,570 lb
Weight - without winch  
Weight - with winch  
Payload 2,300 lb
Towing load  
Winch capacity  
Length 23' 10"
Length - without winch  
Length - with winch  
Height 8' 6 3/8"
Height - without bows  
Width 8' 2.5"
Ground clearance 10"
Ground pressure 47.4 psi
Wheelbase 175"
OR  
Armament  
Main  
Quantity  
Main  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Radiator (Type)  
Capacity  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Gear ratios - 1st speed  
- 2nd speed  
- 3rd speed  
- 4th speed  
- Reverse  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Speed - Road  
Max speed towing  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Road radius towing  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Climbing ability towing  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Wheels (Type) 7.50 x 20, 8 ply mud and snow
Wheels - desert  
Width  
Diameter  
Tire tread  
Tread center to center 6' 7.5"
  1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Panel Delivery Truck
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 10,080 lb
Weight - without winch  
Weight - with winch  
Payload 3,320 lb
Towing load  
Winch capacity  
Length 18' 5 3/16"
Length - without winch  
Length - with winch  
Height 7' 6 7/8"
Height - without bows  
Width 7' 2 11/16"
Ground clearance 9 7/8"
Ground pressure 40 psi
Wheelbase 145"
OR  
Armament  
Main  
Quantity  
Main  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Radiator (Type)  
Capacity  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Gear ratios - 1st speed  
- 2nd speed  
- 3rd speed  
- 4th speed  
- Reverse  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Speed - Road  
Max speed towing  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Road radius towing  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Climbing ability towing  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Wheels (Type) 7.50 x 20, 8 ply mud and snow
Wheels - desert  
Width  
Diameter  
Tire tread  
Tread center to center 6' 7.5"
  1 1/2 Ton, 4x4 (2DT) Tractor Truck
Crew  
Radio  
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 10,885 lb
Weight - without winch  
Weight - with winch  
Payload  
Towing load  
Winch capacity  
Length 17' 2"
Length - without winch  
Length - with winch  
Height 7' 3"
Height - without bows  
Width 7' 2"
Ground clearance 9 7/8"
Ground pressure 43.4 psi
Wheelbase 145"
OR  
Armament  
Main  
Quantity  
Main  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Engine (Make / Model)  
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders  
Capacity  
Net HP  
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Radiator (Type)  
Capacity  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Gear ratios - 1st speed  
- 2nd speed  
- 3rd speed  
- 4th speed  
- Reverse  
Fuel (Type)  
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Speed - Road  
Max speed towing  
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road  
Road radius towing  
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Climbing ability towing  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Wheels (Type) 7.50 x 20, 8 ply mud and snow
Wheels - desert  
Width  
Diameter  
Tire tread  
Tread center to center 6' 7.5"

Sources:

  1. The American Arsenal, 1996
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site