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United States' T2 medium tank

Photos

T2 Medium Tank :
United States' T2 medium tank
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

Built by the Ordnance Department and conformed to the 15 ton weight limit.3 It was based on the British Medium Mark II.3

In 1931 the hull 37 mm gun was removed, and a .30 cal MG was added for anti-aircraft fire.3

Originally had a 47 mm gun in the turret and a 37 mm gun in the hull.1 The 37 mm gun could fire a 1.91 lb shell at a muzzle velocity of 2,550'/sec.1

Production

  • T2 medium tank: 11
    • Manufacturer: Cunningham1

Specifications

  T2
Crew 41,2,4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 13.6 tons4, 14 tons5, 15.2 tons1, 15.6 tons2
15,240 kg5
Length 16'1,2
4.88 m4
Height 9' 1"2, 9.1'1
2.774
Width 8'2,4
2.44 m4
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 1' 5.25"1
0.44 m4
Ground contact length 112"1
Ground pressure 9.3 psi1
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 47 mm2,3,4
1: 47 mm semiautomatic5
2: 47 mm semiautomatic gun, L/50, hull, turret1
1: 37 mm2,3
Secondary 2: MG2
Hull 1: 37 mm5
MG 1: 12 mm MG4
1: 7.6 mm MG4
MG - antiaircraft 1: .30 cal M1919A4 MG1
MG - coaxial 1: .50 cal MG3
1: .50 cal M2 MG1
1: 0.5" / 12.7 mm MG5
MG - hull 1: MG3
1: .30 cal M1919A4 MG1
1: 7.62 mm MG5
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 751,4
Secondary  
MG .30 cal: 4,5001
.50 cal: 2,0001
12 mm: 2,0004
7.6 mm: 18,0004
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 0.25" - 1"2
6.354
Front: 0.75"1
Side: 0.5"1
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 0.75"1
Turret Sides 0.75"1
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Liberty1,2,5
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water1
Cylinders 121
Capacity  
Net HP 312@1,750 rpm1, 3234, 3385
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Selective and Cotta1
4 forward, 1 reverse1
Steering Clutch brake1
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric1
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline1
Octane  
Quantity 94 gallons1
Road consumption 0.95 mpg1
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse Manual1
Speed - Road 25 mph1,2
40 kph4
Speed - Cross Country 5-15 mph1
Range - Road 90 miles1
145 km4
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1.2 m4
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability 35° (70%) slope1,4
Suspension (Type) Vertical springs1
6 two wheeled bogies1
Wheels each side 6x21
Return rollers each side 41
Tracks (Type) Steel, open, double pin shoe1
Length  
Width 15"1
Diameter  
Number of links 761
Pitch 4.25"1
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 6.75'1

Sources:

  1. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  2. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  3. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  4. Atlas of Tank Warfare From 1916 to the Present Day, Dr. Stephen Hart, 2012
  5. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site