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United States' M7 medium tank

Photos

M7 Medium Tank:
United States' M7 Medium Tank
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The Ordnance Board ordered four prototypes from the Rock Island Arsenal to be replacements for the M3 and M5 light tanks and these were designated the T7 Light Tank.1,3 As development progressed it was asked that a 75 mm gun be installed and this brought the vehicle up to the weight class for a medium tank.3

The 57 mm gun fired a 6.25 lb shell at a muzzle velocity of 2,800'/sec.2

Using the turret ring from a Canadian Ram tank, the pilot vehicle was finished in June 1942.1 A 75 mm M3 gun was installed eventually installed.

In February 1943, the Armored Forces didn't want both the M7 Medium and the M4 Medium so an order for 3,000 was cancelled after seven had been produced.1,3

Production

  • M7: 71,3
    • Manufacturer: International Harvester Co2,3

Variants

  • T7E2: Prototype light tank with a cast hull, cast turret, Wright radial engine, and a British 6 pdr (57 mm) gun.1,3
  • M7: Standardized in December 1942.1

Specifications

  M7
Crew 51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight T7: 11.6 tons1, 11,793 kg1
M7: 25 tons1, 28 tons2, 25,401 kg1
Length 16' 10"1, 17.1'2
5.15 m1
Height 9'1,2
2.74 m1
Width 7.7'2, 7' 8"1
2.34 m1
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 16"2
Ground contact length 152"2
Ground pressure 10.5 psi2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 37 mm1
57 mm M32
Secondary  
MG 2: 7.62 mm MG1
2: .30 cal M1919K4 MG2
.30 cal M1919K4 MG2
.30 cal M1915K5 MG2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 902
Secondary  
MG 8,0002
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 641
Front: 1.5"2
Side: 1.25"2
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 2"2
Mantlet: 1"2
Turret Sides 1.5"2
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Wright R-9751
Continental & Wright2
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Air2
Cylinders 92
Capacity  
Net HP 340@2,400 rpm2
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Automatic2
3 forward, 1 reverse2
Steering Controlled differential2
Steering ratio  
Starter Electric2
Electrical system  
Ignition Distributor2
Fuel (Type) Gasoline2
Octane  
Quantity 138 gallons2
Road consumption 1.3 mpg2
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse Power and hand2
Speed - Road 30 mph1,2
48 kph1
Speed - Cross Country 18-20 mph2
Range - Road 100 miles2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 36"2
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability 17° (30%) slope2
Suspension (Type) Vertical volute spring2
2 two wheel bogies and one idler wheel each side.2
Wheels each side 2x22
Return rollers each side 32
Tracks (Type) Rubber block, double pin shoe2
Length  
Width 16.5"2
Diameter  
Number of links 1422
Pitch 6"2
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 7.7'2

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  3. Profile AFV Weapons #46 Light Tanks M22 Locust and M24 Chaffee, Colonel Robert J. Icks, 1972
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site