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United States' M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage
Nickname: Meat Chopper

Photos

M16
United States M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage
White Motor Car

Design

There was a need to replace the M13 so development started on the M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage in December 1942.

The M16 had two cargo boxes at the rear.

Armament

The rear compartment had all its internal fittings removed and the M45 mount was fitted. The mount had to be raised 6" / 152 mm to clear the sides. There was no rear door and the tops of the sides were hinged so that they could be lowered.

Traverse 60° per second. 400-500 rounds per minute. There was enough ammunition carried to allow the M16 to fire for eight minutes of sustained fire. Range of 7,200 yards.

Interrupter switches prevented guns from firing when entering drivers compartment area. Used Maxson turret.

The gunner would sit on a seat reclined at 45°. The sight was positioned so that the gunner could follow the sight so he wouldn't have to move. The control grips were on a handlebar that were located on a post between his knees. By rotating the handlebar would rotate the gun or raise and lower it.

Production

  • M16: 724, 2,877
    • Manufacturer: White Motor Company
    • Production: May 1943 - March 1944
  • M13 conversion: 737
    • Conversion by: Diebold Incorporated (60), White Motor Company
  • Total: 3,614

Variants

  • M13 conversion: Some of the M13s were converted to the M16.
  • M16: Main production.

Usage

Pacific

In the Pacific the Marine Corps found the M16 to be highly desired with the volume of fire it could deliver to ground targets.

Post World War II

The M16s were used by the United States Army until 1958. The M45 mount would be used until 1970.

Twelve countries were still using the M16 in 1980.

Specifications

  M16 Multiple Gun Motor Carriage
Crew Commander, driver, gunner, loaders (2)
5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 19,800 lb
10 tons
10,160 kg
Length 20' 3", 21' 4"
6.14 m
Height 7' 8", 8' 7"
2.62 m
Width 6' 6"
2 m
Ground clearance 11 3/16"
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 4: .50 cal M2 MG
4: 0.5" Browning MG
4: 12.7 mm Browning MG
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms .45 Submachine gun
M1903 .30 Rifle
3: M1 Carbines
Grenades
Quantity  
Main 5,000
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms .45: 420
Grenades: 36
Armor Thickness (mm) 0.5"
12.7
Hull Front, Upper 12.72
Hull Front, Lower 6
Hull Sides, Upper 6
Hull Sides, Lower 6
Hull Rear 6
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 6.35
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) White 160AX
Cylinders 6
Net HP 128
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, 60°/second
Speed - Road 45 mph
64 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 180-215 miles, 200 miles
280 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits -10° to 90°
Fording depth 2' 8"
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle 1'
Suspension (Type) Vertical volute
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread 135.5"

Sources:

  1. -
  2. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site