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United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked LVT (4)

Design

The LVT-4 had the engine moved to the front and a ramp was installed in the rear of the cargo area.

The LVT-4 could carry troops or weapons up to a 105 mm howitzer.

Propulsion in the water was provided by the tracks. The LVT-4 sat higher in the water due to its flotation chambers.

Production

There were five production lines manufacturing the LVT-4s.

  • LVT-4: >8,000, 8,348

Usage

Used in Europe by US Army.

Great Britain's Use

Britain received 500 via lend lease and called them the Buffalo Mk IV. Used them in Northern Italy and at the Rhine crossing in 1945.

Specifications

  LVT (4),
Buffalo Mk IV
Crew 2, 3
Passengers 35
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 38,519 lb
12,428 kg, 17,509 kg
12.2 tons
Weight - Unloaded 23,350 lb
10,600 kg
Length 26' 1", 26.1'
7.95 m, 8 m
Height 8' 1", 8.2', 9' 11"
2.46 m, 2.5 m, 3.023 m
Width 10.6', 10' 8"
3.2 m, 3.25 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 8.4 psi
0.6 (kg/cm2)
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG 1: 0.5" MG
1: 12.7 mm MG
1: 0.3" MG
2: 0.3" MG
3: 7.62 mm MG
1 or 2: 0.3" M1919A4 MG
OR 1 or 2: 0.5" M2 MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 12, 13
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Wright W670
Continental
Continental W670-9A
2: Cadillac
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Air
Cylinders 7
Capacity  
Net HP 200@1,800 rpm, 220, 250
Power to weight ratio 15.4 hp/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 17 mph, 20 mph, 25 mph
27.3 kph, 32 kph, 40 kph
Max speed - water 6 mph, 7.5 mph
9.7 kph, 12 kph
5.4 kt
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 150 miles
240 km, 241 km, 242 km
Water radius 75 miles
120.7 km, 121 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth Amphibious
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 11
Return rollers each side 2
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  4. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site