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United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked LVT (4)

Design

The LVT-4 had the engine moved to the front and a ramp was installed in the rear of the cargo area.2,4

The LVT-4 could carry troops or weapons up to a 105 mm howitzer.2

Propulsion in the water was provided by the tracks.4 The LVT-4 sat higher in the water due to its flotation chambers.4

Production

There were five production lines manufacturing the LVT-4s.2

  • LVT-4: >8,0004, 8,3482

Usage

Used in Europe by US Army.

Great Britain's Use

Britain received 500 via lend lease and called them the Buffalo Mk IV.4 Used them in Northern Italy and at the Rhine crossing in 1945.4

Specifications

  LVT (4),
Buffalo Mk IV
Crew 23, 31,4
Passengers 353
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 38,519 lb4
12,428 kg3, 17,509 kg4
12.2 tons3
Weight - Unloaded 23,350 lb1
10,600 kg1
Length 26' 1"3,4, 26.1'1
7.95 m3,4, 8 m1
Height 8' 1"3, 8.2'1, 9' 11"4
2.46 m3, 2.5 m1, 3.023 m4
Width 10.6'1, 10' 8"3,4
3.2 m1, 3.25 m3,4
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 8.4 psi1
0.6 (kg/cm2)1
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main  
Secondary  
MG 1: 0.5" MG3,4
1: 12.7 mm MG3
1: 0.3" MG3
2: 0.3" MG4
3: 7.62 mm MG3
1 or 2: 0.3" M1919A4 MG1
OR 1 or 2: 0.5" M2 MG1
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 124, 133
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Wright W670
Continental1
Continental W670-9A3
2: Cadillac4
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Air1,3
Cylinders 71,3
Capacity  
Net HP 200@1,800 rpm1, 2204, 2503
Power to weight ratio 15.4 hp/ton1
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline1,4
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 17 mph4, 20 mph3, 25 mph1
27.3 kph4, 32 kph3, 40 kph1
Max speed - water 6 mph4, 7.5 mph3
9.7 kph4, 12 kph3
5.4 kt1
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 150 miles1,3,4
240 km3, 241 km4, 242 km1
Water radius 75 miles1,4
120.7 km4, 121 km1
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth Amphibious4
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side 11
Return rollers each side 2
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  4. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site