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United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked LVT (2)

Photos

LVT (2)
United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked, LVT(2)
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The LVTs were made from a design that was intended to be used in swamps in Florida.2 The LVT-2 was designed to improve upon the LVT-1 which was inadequate.2,5

In early 1942 the LVT-2 was introduced and produced at Food Machinery and Chemical Corps Riverside, California facility so it wouldn't interfere with LVT-1 construction.

Construction of sheet steel. Machine gun rails were mounted all around vehicle. Two escape/ventilation hatches in the front which open downward.

Suspension

The LVT-2 had an improved suspension and the grousers were made from aluminum.2 This made it easier for the tracks to be changed.2

Engine

The transmission and engine were the same as used in the M3 light tank.2,5 The cargo area was limited as the engine was located at the rear.2,5

Prototype

Prototype called T24.

Production

There were six production lines manufacturing the LVT-2s.2

  • LVT-2: 2,9632

Variants

  • T24: Prototype.
  • LVT-2:
  • Flamethrower: Had a flamethrower installed.5
  • Rocket Launcher: Had a rocket launcher installed.5

Usage

First used at Tarawa in November 1943. It was mostly used as a cargo carrier as it didn't have armor to protect passengers.

The LVT 2 was intended to be in the first wave of a landing force.5

Specifications

  LVT (2)
Crew 35, 61,3, 2 + 72
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 30,900 lb, 31,200 lb3, 38,519 lb5
10.8 tons1, 11,000 kg1, 17,509 kg5
Weight - Unloaded 24,250 lb2
11,000 kg2
Weight - Loaded 30,250 lb2
13,721 kg2
Length 21' 6"2, 26' 1"1,3,5, 26' 11"
7.95 m1,5, 7.975 m2
Height 8' 1"1,3, 8' 2.5"2, 9' 11"5
2.5 m2, 2.69 m1, 3.023 m5
Width 10' 8"1,2,3,5
3.25 m1,2,5
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 18"3
Ground contact length 126.5"3
Ground pressure 9.8 psi3
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 12.7 mm (.50 cal) MG1,2,5
1 .50 cal HB M2 MG3
Secondary  
MG 3: 7.62 mm (.30 cal) MG1
1: 7.62 mm (.30 cal) MG2
1: .30 cal M1919A4 MG3
2: .3" MG5
USMC: 3: .30 cal M1919A4 MG3
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Unarmored3
01, 125
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Wright W670
Continental W970-9A1,2,3
2: Cadillac5
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Air3
Cylinders R-73
Capacity  
Net HP 2205, 2502,3
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh3
5 forward, 1 reverse3
Steering Controlled differential3
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline2,3,5
Octane  
Quantity 110 gallons3
Road consumption 1 mpg3
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 17 mph5, 20 mph1,2,3
27.3 kph5, 32 kph1,2
Speed - Water 6 mph5, 7.5 mph2,3, 8 mph1
9.7 kph5, 12 kph2 13 kph1
Range - Road 150 miles1,2,3,5
241 km2,5, 242 km1
Range - Water 50 miles3, 75 miles5, 100 miles2
120.7 km5, 161 km2
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth Amphibious5
Trench crossing 5'3
Vertical obstacle 3'3
Climbing ability 30° slope3
Suspension (Type) Torsilastic springs3
Wheels each side 11 single bogie wheel assemblies3
Return rollers each side 23
Tracks (Type) Steel, twin chains with "W" shaped grousers3
Length  
Width 14.25"3
Diameter  
Number of links 733
Pitch 4 1/8"3
Tire tread Rubber3
Track centers/tread 113.5"3

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  4. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  5. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site