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United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked LVT (2)

Photos

LVT (2)
United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked, LVT(2)
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The LVTs were made from a design that was intended to be used in swamps in Florida. The LVT-2 was designed to improve upon the LVT-1 which was inadequate.

In early 1942 the LVT-2 was introduced and produced at Food Machinery and Chemical Corps Riverside, California facility so it wouldn't interfere with LVT-1 construction.

Construction of sheet steel. Machine gun rails were mounted all around vehicle. Two escape/ventilation hatches in the front which open downward.

Suspension

The LVT-2 had an improved suspension and the grousers were made from aluminum. This made it easier for the tracks to be changed.

Engine

The transmission and engine were the same as used in the M3 light tank. The cargo area was limited as the engine was located at the rear.

Prototype

Prototype called T24.

Production

There were six production lines manufacturing the LVT-2s.

  • LVT-2: 2,963

Variants

  • T24: Prototype.
  • LVT-2:
  • Flamethrower: Had a flamethrower installed.
  • Rocket Launcher: Had a rocket launcher installed.

Usage

First used at Tarawa in November 1943. It was mostly used as a cargo carrier as it didn't have armor to protect passengers.

The LVT 2 was intended to be in the first wave of a landing force.

Specifications

  LVT (2)
Crew 3, 6, 2 + 7
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 30,900 lb, 31,200 lb, 38,519 lb
10.8 tons, 11,000 kg, 17,509 kg
Weight - Unloaded 24,250 lb
11,000 kg
Weight - Loaded 30,250 lb
13,721 kg
Length 21' 6", 26' 1", 26' 11"
7.95 m, 7.975 m
Height 8' 1", 8' 2.5", 9' 11"
2.5 m, 2.69 m, 3.023 m
Width 10' 8"
3.25 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 18"
Ground contact length 126.5"
Ground pressure 9.8 psi
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 12.7 mm (.50 cal) MG
1 .50 cal HB M2 MG
Secondary  
MG 3: 7.62 mm (.30 cal) MG
1: 7.62 mm (.30 cal) MG
1: .30 cal M1919A4 MG
2: .3" MG
USMC: 3: .30 cal M1919A4 MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Unarmored
0, 12
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Wright W670
Continental W970-9A
2: Cadillac
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Air
Cylinders R-7
Capacity  
Net HP 220, 250
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh
5 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Controlled differential
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 110 gallons
Road consumption 1 mpg
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 17 mph, 20 mph
27.3 kph, 32 kph
Speed - Water 6 mph, 7.5 mph, 8 mph
9.7 kph, 12 kph 13 kph
Range - Road 150 miles
241 km, 242 km
Range - Water 50 miles, 75 miles, 100 miles
120.7 km, 161 km
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth Amphibious
Trench crossing 5'
Vertical obstacle 3'
Climbing ability 30° slope
Suspension (Type) Torsilastic springs
Wheels each side 11 single bogie wheel assemblies
Return rollers each side 2
Tracks (Type) Steel, twin chains with "W" shaped grousers
Length  
Width 14.25"
Diameter  
Number of links 73
Pitch 4 1/8"
Tire tread Rubber
Track centers/tread 113.5"

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  4. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  5. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site