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United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked LVT-1

Photos

LVT-1
United States' Landing Vehicle Tracked, LVT-1
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

Could hold 24 men with packs and rifles or 4,500 pounds. Machine gun rails are provided on sides and rear. Arc welded sheet steel construction. Track was basically an unsprung track fixed the the hull. This worked well in water or soft ground but not hard ground. The driver's cab had 3 windows, the center could be opened for ventilation or used as an escape hatch.

Usage

Were first used at Guadalcanal in August 1942 and last used in beach assaults at Tarawa in November 1943.

Specifications

  LVT 1
Crew 3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 21,800 lb, 32,500 lb
Length 21' 6"
Height 8' 1", 8' 1.5"
Width 9' 10"
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 18"
Ground contact length 140"
Ground pressure 13.9 psi
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main .50 cal HB M2 MG
Secondary  
MG 2: .30 cal MG
.30 cal M1919A4 MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG 6,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Unarmored
Hull Front, Upper 0
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) Hercules WXLC-3
Hercules WXLC3
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders 6
Capacity  
Net HP 146
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 3 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Clutch brake
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 80 gallons
Road consumption 1.9 mpg
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 12 mph
Speed - Water 6.1 mph
Range - Road 150 miles
Range - Water 60 miles
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing 5' 4"
Vertical obstacle 1' 6"
Climbing ability 30° slope
Suspension (Type) Unsprung, rollers in track ride in guides on sponson
Wheels each side 11
Return rollers each side 2
Tracks (Type) Link-Belt roller chains connected by aluminum cleats
Length  
Width 10", 10.25"
Diameter  
Number of links 79
Pitch 3.26"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. -
  4. Battle Winning Tanks, Aircraft & Warships of World War II, David Miller, 2000
  5. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site