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United States' CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier

Photos

CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier with a F4F ready for a catapult launch, June 1942:
United States' CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier with a F4F ready for a catapult launch, June 1942
US Navy Photo, National Archives #80-G-14548

CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier, June 1942:
United States' CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier, June 1942
US Navy Photo, National Archives #80-G-14257
CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier at Puget Sound Naval Yard, February 5, 1944:
United States' CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier at Puget Sound Naval Yard, February 5, 1944
US Navy Photo
CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier, April 27, 1944:
United States' CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier, April 27, 1944
US Navy Photo, National Archives #80-G-14548
CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier, June 10, 1944:
United States' CVE-1 USS Long Island escort aircraft carrier, June 10, 1944
US Navy Photo, National Archives #80-G-236393

Design

The USS Long Island was the very first American escort aircraft carrier. Initially the Long Island was to just be an aircraft transport but was soon made into an escort carrier based on the British experience with their Empire Audacity.

She was the sister of the Royal Navy Archer.

The Long Island was a flush deck carrier with no island.

Flight Deck

There was a single elevator in the flight deck. Initially the flight deck didn't go the full length of the Long Island.

Hangar

The hangar was 120' long.

Ships

AVG-1, CVE-1 USS Long Island

  • Former C-3 cargo ship Mormacmail
  • Manufacturer: Sun, Busch-Sulzer
  • January 11, 1940: Launched.
  • June 2, 1941: Completed.
  • 1941: Refit. Flight deck made 420' long.
  • 1942: Designated the ACV-1.
  • July 1943: Designated the CVE-1.
  • 1944: Flight deck made lighter and made into an aircraft transport. 4" guns replaced by a 3" L/50 gun. Catapult added.

Specifications

  USS Long Island
Crew 856, 950, 970
Displacement 7,886 tons, 11,500 tons, 11,800 tons
Displacement - Loaded 14,050 tons, 15,126 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 492'
149.96 m
Length - Waterline 465'
141.73 m
Beam 69' 6"
21.18 m
Draft / Height 25' 6", 25' 9"
7.77 m
Draft / Height - Maximum 25' 2"
7.66 m
Flight Deck 360' x 78'
109.73 m x 23.77 m
Performance  
Speed 16 knots, 16.5 knots, 18 knots
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5": 1
4": 1
3", 3" L/50: 2
0.5": 4
Anti-Aircraft - 1945 5" L/38: 1
3" L/50: 2
20 mm twin: 20
Aircraft 16, 21
Observation: 10
Bomber: 6
Armor  
Engines Diesel, Sulzer 7 cylinder diesel
Shafts 1
HP 8,500
Oil 1,365 - 3,061 tons, 1,429 tons
Aviation fuel 90,000 gallons

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site