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United States' Casablanca class escort aircraft carrier

Photos

CVE-56 USS Liscombe Bay transporting aircraft:
CVE-56 USS Liscombe Bay transporting aircraft
US Navy Photo
CVE-60 USS Guadalcanal escort aircraft carrier with the captured U-505 of the African coast on June 4, 1944:
United States'CVE -60 USS Guadalcanal escort aircraft carrier with the captured U-505 of the African coast on June 4, 1944
US Navy Photo
CVE-63 USS St. Lo escort aircraft carrier having been attacked by a kamikaze in Leyte Gulf on October 25, 1944:
United States' CVE-63 USS St. Lo escort aircraft carrier having been attacked by a kamikaze in Leyte Gulf on October 25, 1944
US Navy Photo

Design

To meet the need for convoy escort carriers Henry J. Kaiser proposed in mid-1942 to build 100 auxiliary carriers within a years time using the S4 naval hull. Fifty were eventually ordered.

The Casablanca Class were the first escort carriers designed from the keel up. They were easy to construct.

Flight Deck

The flight deck was 500' / 152.4 m X 108' / 32.9 m. in size.

There were two lifts in the deck. A catapult was installed to help launch aircraft.

On each side of the flight deck were boiler uptakes.

Ships

CVE-55 USS Casablanca

  • Originally the ACV-55 Alazon Bay, Ameer
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • November 3, 1942: Laid down.
  • April 5, 1943: Launched.
  • April 20, 1943: Designated AVG-55.
  • January 1943: Named the Alazon Bay
  • April 1943: Named the Casablanca.
  • July 8, 1943: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Training and transport.

CVE-56 USS Liscombe Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 9, 1942: Laid down.
  • April 19, 1943: Launched.
  • July 15, 1943: Designated the CVE-56.
  • August 7, 1943: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • November 24, 1943: Sunk. Hit by torpedo from I-175 off the Gilbert Islands.

CVE-57 USS Coral Sea / USS Anzio

  • Originally ACV-57 Alikula Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 12, 1942: Laid down.
  • May 1, 1943: Launched.
  • August 27, 1943: Completed.
  • September 1944: Renamed Anzio.
  • Used in the Pacific. Mainly used on Anti-Submarine patrols.

CVE-58 USS Corregidor

  • Originally ACV-58 Anguilla Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 17, 1942: Laid down.
  • April 1943: Named Corregidor.
  • May 12, 1943: Launched.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-58.
  • August 31, 1943: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.

CVE-59 USS Mission Bay

  • Originally ACV-59 Atheling.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 28, 1942: Laid down.
  • May 26, 1943: Launched.
  • April 1943: Named Mission Bay.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-59.
  • September 13, 1943: Completed.
  • Early 1944: Transported aircraft to India.
  • Used in the Pacific. Used in the Atlantic. Anti-Submarine patrols and convoy escort.

CVE-60 USS Guadalcanal

  • Originally ACV-60 Astrolabe Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 5, 1943: Laid down.
  • April 1943: Named Guadalcanal.
  • June 5, 1943: Launched.
  • September 25, 1943: Completed.
  • May 1944, June 4, 1944: Near the Azores helped capture the U-505.
  • Used in the Atlantic. Anti-Submarine patrols.

CVE-61 USS Manila Bay

  • Originally ACV-61 Bucareli Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 15, 1943: Laid down.
  • April 1943: Named Manila Bay.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-61.
  • July 10, 1943: Launched.
  • October 5, 1943: Completed.
  • 1943 - 1945: Used in the Pacific. Attack and transport.
  • January 1945: Damaged by kamikaze.
  • January - March 1945: Repairs in United States.

CVE-62 USS Natoma Bay

  • Originally ACV-62 Begum.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 17, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 20, 1943: Launched.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-62.
  • October 14, 1943: Completed.
  • January - June 1944: Used in the Pacific. Aircraft transport.
  • July - August 1944: Training on west coast of United States.
  • October 1944: Pacific.
  • June 1945: Damaged by kamikaze. Repairs not completed before end of World War II.

CVE-63 USS Midway / USS St. Lo

  • Originally ACV-63 Chapin Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 23, 1943: Laid down.
  • April 1943: Name changed to Midway.
  • August 17, 1943: Launched.
  • October 23, 1943: Completed.
  • September 15, 1944, September 1944: Name changed to St. Lo.
  • October 1944: Renamed to St. Lo.
  • October 1944: Battle of Leyte Gulf as member of Taffy 3.
  • October 25, 1944: Sunk off Samar. A kamikaze hit in the rear of the flight deck. There was a hangar fire that led to a large explosion which sank the St. Lo. She was the first American ship sunk by a kamikaze attack.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport and support.
  • Battles: Saipan, Eniwetok, Tinian, Morotai

CVE-64 USS Tripoli

  • Originally ACV-64 Didrickson Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 1, 1943: Laid down.
  • September 2, 1943: Launched.
  • October 31, 1943: Completed.
  • November 1943: Named Tripoli.
  • 1944: Anti-submarine duty.
  • August 1944: Sank a U-Boat.
  • Early 1945: Used in the Pacific. Transport and trainer.

CVE-65 USS Wake Island

  • Originally ACV-65 Dolomi Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 6, 1943: Laid down.
  • April 1943: Named Wake Island.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-65.
  • September 15, 1943: Launched.
  • November 7, 1943: Completed.
  • June 1944: Sank U-Boat.
  • April 1945: Hit by two kamikazes off Okinawa.
  • Used in the Atlantic and Pacific.

CVE-66 USS White Plains

  • Originally ACV-66 Elbour Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 11, 1943: Laid down.
  • September 27, 1943: Launched.
  • November 15, 1943: Completed.
  • October 1944: Heavily damaged by kamikaze.
  • Used in the Pacific.

CVE-67 USS Solomons

  • Originally ACV-67 Nassuk Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • March 19, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-67.
  • October 6, 1943: Launched.
  • November 6, 1943: Named Solomons.
  • November 21, 1943: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transported aircraft one time.
  • February 1944: Transferred to Atlantic to be used in anti-submarine warfare and transport.

CVE-68 USS Kalinin Bay

  • Originally ACV-68.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • April 26, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-68.
  • October 15, 1943: Launched.
  • November 27, 1943: Completed.
  • October 25, 1944, October 1944: Samar. Heavily damaged by kamikaze.
  • Used in the Pacific.

CVE-69 USS Kasaan Bay

  • Originally ACV-69.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • May 11, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-69.
  • October 24, 1943: Launched.
  • December 4, 1943: Completed.
  • December 1943: Pearl Harbor.
  • 1944: Mediterranean.
  • August 1944: Southern France, Operation Dragoon.
  • Used in the Atlantic.
  • Early 1945: Pacific.

CVE-70 USS Fanshaw Bay

  • Originally ACV-70.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • May 18, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-70.
  • November 1, 1943: Launched.
  • December 9, 1943: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • October 25, 1944: Samar. Damaged by shells from enemy ships.
  • November 1944 - March 1945: Repairs.

CVE-71 USS Kitkun Bay

  • Originally ACV-71.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • May 31, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-71.
  • November 8, 1943: Launched.
  • December 15, 1943: Completed.
  • Early 1944: Trainer and transport.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • October 25, 1944, October 1944: Samar. Hit by kamikaze.
  • January 8 - 13, 1945: Hit by kamikaze of Lingayen.

CVE-72 USS Tulagi

  • Originally ACV-72 Fortaleza Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • June 7, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 1943: Designated CVE-72.
  • November 15, 1943: Launched.
  • December 21, 1943: Completed.
  • Spring 1944 - September 1944: Atlantic.
  • August 1944: Southern France, Operation Dragoon.
  • November 1944: Named Tulagi.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • March - June 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-73 USS Gambier Bay

  • Originally ACV-73.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • July 10, 1943: Laid down.
  • November 22, 1943: Launched.
  • December 28, 1943: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • October 25, 1944: Sunk off Samar. Hits from IJN Chokai, IJN Hagura, and IJN Noshiro.

CVE-74 USS Nehenta Bay

  • Originally Khedive.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • July 20, 1943: Laid down.
  • November 28, 1943: Launched.
  • January 3, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • Winter 1944 - 1945: Damaged by Hurricane.

CVE-75 USS Hoggatt Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • August 17, 1943: Laid down.
  • December 4, 1943: Launched.
  • January 11, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • January 1945: Luzon. Damaged by explosion.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • September 1945: Occupation of Japan.

CVE-76 USS Kadashan Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • September 2, 1943: Laid down.
  • December 11, 1943: Launched.
  • January 18, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • January 8 - 13, 1945, January 1945: Hit by kamikaze of Lingayen. United States for repairs.

CVE-77 USS Marcus Island

  • Originally Kanalku Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • September 15, 1943: Laid down.
  • December 16, 1943: Launched.
  • January 26, 1943: Completed.
  • November 1943: Named Marcus Island.
  • Used in the Pacific. Leyte. Samar.
  • December 1944: Damaged by typhoon off the Philippines.

CVE-78 USS Savo Island

  • Originally Kaita Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • September 27, 1943: Laid down.
  • December 22, 1943: Launched.
  • February 3, 1944: Completed.
  • October 1944: Samar.
  • January 1945: Damaged by kamikaze.
  • Used in the Pacific.

CVE-79 USS Ommaney Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • October 6, 1943: Laid down.
  • December 29, 1943: Launched.
  • February 11, 1944: Completed.
  • 1944: Training and aircraft transport.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • October 1944: Samar.
  • January 4, 1945, early January 1945: Sunk. Hit by kamikaze while en route to Lingayen Gulf. Had to be sunk by torpedoes from DD-588 USS Burns.

CVE-80 USS Petrof Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • October 15, 1943: Laid down.
  • January 5, 1944: Launched.
  • February 18, 1944: Completed.
  • Summer 1944: Guadalcanal.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • Used in the Pacific. Leyte.

CVE-81 USS Rudyerd Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • October 24, 1943: Laid down.
  • January 12, 1944: Launched.
  • February 25, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.

CVE-82 USS Saginaw Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • November 1, 1943: Laid down.
  • January 19, 1944: Launched.
  • March 2, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Used as support carrier.

CVE-83 USS Sargent Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • November 8, 1943: Laid down.
  • January 31, 1944: Launched.
  • March 9, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Used as support carrier.
  • Early 1945: Collided with destroyer.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-84 USS Shamrock Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • November 15, 1943: Laid down.
  • February 3, 1944, February 4, 1944: Launched.
  • March 15, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Atlantic / Pacific.
  • Autumn 1944: Transported aircraft to North Africa.
  • Late 1944: Pacific.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-85 USS Shipley Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • November 22, 1943: Laid down.
  • February 12, 1944: Launched.
  • March 21, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport and training.

CVE-86 USS Sitkoh Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • November 23, 1943: Laid down.
  • February 19, 1944: Launched.
  • March 28, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Resupply ship.

CVE-87 USS Steamer Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 2, 1943: Laid down.
  • February 26, 1944: Launched.
  • April 4, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • Late 1944: Aircraft transport.
  • January 1945: Lingayen Gulf.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • April 1945: Collided with USS Hale.
  • June 1945: Damaged by aircraft landing accident.

CVE-88 USS Cape Esperance

  • Originally Tananek Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 11, 1943: Laid down.
  • March 3, 1944: Launched.
  • April 9, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Aircraft transport.

CVE-89 USS Takanis Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 16, 1943: Laid down.
  • March 10, 1944: Launched.
  • April 15, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport and training.

CVE-90 USS Thetis Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 22, 1943: Laid down.
  • March 16, 1944: Launched.
  • April 21, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.

CVE-91 USS Makassar Strait

  • Originally Ulitaka Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • December 29, 1943: Laid down.
  • March 22, 1944, March 23, 1944: Launched.
  • April 27, 1944, April 29, 1944: Completed.
  • 1944 - 1945: Pacific. Transported aircraft.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-92 USS Windham Bay

  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 5, 1944: Laid down.
  • March 29, 1944: Launched.
  • May 3, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport and training.
  • June 1945: Damaged in typhoon.

CVE-93 USS Makin Island

  • Originally Woodcliff Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 12, 1944: Laid down.
  • April 5, 1944: Launched.
  • May 9, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • December 1944: Lingayen Gulf.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-94 USS Lunga Point

  • Originally Alazon Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 19, 1944: Laid down.
  • April 11, 1944: Launched.
  • May 14, 1944: Completed.
  • Summer 1944 - 1945: Pacific.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima. Slightly damaged by kamikaze.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-95 USS Bismarck Sea

  • Originally Alikula Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • January 31, 1944: Laid down.
  • April 17, 1944: Launched.
  • May 1944: Named Bismarck Sea.
  • May 20, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific.
  • February 21, 1945: Sunk. Iwo Jima. Hit by kamikaze.

CVE-96 USS Salamaua

  • Originally Anguilla Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 4, 1944: Laid down.
  • April 22, 1944: Launched.
  • May 26, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport, strike, and anti-submarine duties.
  • January 8 - 13, 1945, January 1945: Hit by kamikaze of Lingayen.
  • June 5, 1945: Damaged by hurricane off Okinawa.

CVE-97 USS Hollandia

  • Originally Astrolabe Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 12, 1944: Laid down.
  • April 28, 1944: Launched.
  • June 1, 1944: Completed.
  • Late 1944 - 1945: Pacific. Training and transport.

CVE-98 USS Kwajalein

  • Originally Bucareli Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 19, 1944: Laid down.
  • May 4, 1944: Launched.
  • June 7, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport and support.
  • Early 1945: Damaged by hurricane off the Philippines. Repairs took two months.

CVE-99 USS Admiralty Islands

  • Originally Chapin Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • February 26, 1944: Laid down.
  • May 10, 1944: Launched.
  • June 13, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.

CVE-100 USS Bougainville

  • Originally Didrickson Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • March 3, 1944: Laid down.
  • May 16, 1944: Launched.
  • June 18, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • June 5, 1945: Damaged by typhoon.

CVE-101 USS Matanikau

  • Originally Dolomi Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • March 10, 1944: Laid down.
  • May 22, 1944: Launched.
  • June 24, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport.

CVE-102 USS Attu

  • Originally Elbour Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • March 16, 1944: Laid down.
  • May 27, 1944: Launched.
  • June 30, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Transport.
  • June 1945: Damaged by hurricane off Okinawa.

CVE-103 USS Roi

  • Originally Alava Bay.
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • March 22, 1944: Laid down.
  • June 2, 1944: Launched.
  • July 6, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Support carrier.

CVE-104 USS Munda

  • Originally Tonowek Bay
  • Manufacturer: Kaiser, Nordberg
  • March 29, 1944: Laid down.
  • June 8, 1944: Launched.
  • July 8, 1944: Completed.
  • Used in the Pacific. Support.

Usage

The Casablanca class were smaller than the Bogue class but could go faster and carry more aircraft. As a result the Bogues that still were being completed were transferred to the Royal Navy.

Specifications

  Casablanca class
Crew 800, 860
Displacement 6,730 tons, 7,800 tons, 8,200 tons
Displacement - Loaded 10,200 tons, 10,900 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 498' 10", 512' 3"
156.13 m, 156.14 m
Length - Water Line 487', 490'
149.35 m
Beam 65' 2", 65' 3", 80
19.82 m, 19.86 m
Draft / Height 19' 9"
Draft / Height - Maximum 20' 9"
6.32 m
Flight Deck 475' x85'
144.78 m x 25.91 m
Performance  
Speed 18 knots, 19 knots, 19.25 knots
Range at 15 knots 10,200 nautical miles
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5", 5" L/38: 1
40 mm twin mounts: 4
40 mm: 16
20 mm: 12, 24
Anti-Aircraft 1945 5" L/38: 1
40 mm twin mounts: 8
20 mm: 1, 30
Aircraft 27, 28
Aircraft - 1943 Fighters: 9
Bombers: 9
Torpedo Bombers: 9
Armor  
Engines Skinner Uniflow reciprocating
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 4
Shafts 1, 2
Turbines Skinner Unaflow turbines
HP 9,000, 11,200
Oil 2,200 tons, 2,228 tons
Aviation fuel 100,000 gallons
  USS St. Lo
Crew 860
Displacement 7,800 tons
Displacement - Loaded 10,400 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 512' 3"
156.13 m
Beam - Over Flight Deck 108'
39.92 m
Draft / Height 22' 6"
6.86 m
Performance  
Speed 19 knots
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5": 1
40 mm Bofors twin mount: 8
20 mm: 20
Aircraft - October 1944 F4F Wildcats: 17
TBF Avenger: 12
Armor None
Engines 2 shaft vertical triple expansion
HP 9,000
  USS Liscombe Bay
Displacement 8,188 tons
Displacement - Loaded 10,902 tons

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  5. Allied Escort Carriers of World War Two in Action, Kenneth Poolman, 1988
  6. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
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