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United States' Bogue class escort aircraft carrier

Photos

CVE-20 USS Barnes escort aircraft carrier in San Francisco, October 10, 1943:
United States' CVE-20 USS Barnes escort aircraft carrier in San Francisco, October 10, 1943
US Navy Photo
CVE-25 USS Croatan escort aircraft carrier in San Francisco, May 10, 1943:
United States' CVE-25 USS Croatan escort aircraft carrier in San Francisco, May 10, 1943
US Navy Photo
CVE-25 USS Croatan escort aircraft carrier in San Francisco, May 10, 1943:
United States' CVE-25 USS Croatan escort aircraft carrier in San Francisco, May 10, 1943
US Navy Photo

Design

The Bogue class ships were conversion from C-3 merchant hulls.1,6 Twenty hulls were available in early 1942.6

The Bogue class ships were named after Sounds.4

Engine

The exhaust went out a funnel in the starboard side.6

Flight Deck

There were wooden planks that made up the flight deck.6

There was a 3 ton catapult.6

There were two 6 1/2 ton elevators in the flight deck.6

Hangar

The hangar was 18' high.6

Ships

CVE-6 USS Battler

  • October 31, 1942: Completed.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker class.5

CVE-7 USS Attacker

  • September 30, 1942: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-8 USS Hunter

  • January 9, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-9 USS Bogue

  • Former merchant ship Steel Advocate.1,2,6
  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • Had two catapults.3
  • January 15, 1942, January 19423: Launched.1,2,3,4,6
  • September 26, 1942: Completed.2,5,6
  • February 1943: Joined Atlantic Fleet .1,3
  • July 1943: Sank 1 U-Boat.3
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-9.6
  • Early 1944: Used to transport aircraft to Great Britain.3
  • March 1944: Helped sink U-575.3
  • April 1945: Sank U-546.3
  • 1945: Sent to Pacific to ferry aircraft and once war ended became member of Magic Carpet, the repatriation of POWs and serviceman.3

CVE-10 USS Chaser

  • April 9, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-11 USS Card

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • February 21, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • November 8, 1942: Completed.2,5,6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-11.6
  • Used in the Atlantic.1,6
  • Had two catapults.3
  • Spring 1945: Became pilot trainer.6

CVE-12 USS Copahee

  • Former merchant ship Steel Architect.1,2,4,6
  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • October 21, 1941: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • June 15, 1942: Completed.2,5,6 Finished at Puget Sound Navy Yard.6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-12.6
  • Used in the Pacific.1,6

CVE-13 USS Core

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • May 15, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • December 10, 1942: Completed.2,5,6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-13.6
  • Used in the Atlantic.1,6
  • Had two catapults.3

CVE-14 USS Fencer

  • March 1, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-15 USS Stalker

  • December 21, 1942: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-16 USS Nassau

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • April 4, 1942: Launched1,2,4,6
  • August 20, 1942: Completed.2,5,6 Finished at Puget Sound Navy Yard.6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-16.6
  • Used in the Pacific.1,6

CVE-17 USS Pursuer

  • April 4, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-18 USS Altamaha

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • May 22, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • September 15, 1942: Completed.2,5,6 Finished at Puget Sound Navy Yard.6
  • Used in the Pacific.1,6

CVE-19 USS Striker

  • April 28, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-20 USS Barnes

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • May 22, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • February 20, 1943: Completed.2,5,6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-20.6
  • Used in the Pacific.1,6

CVE-21 USS Block Island

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6
  • June 6, 1942: Launched.1,2,6
  • March 8, 1943: Completed.2,5,6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-21.6
  • Used in the Atlantic.1,6
  • May 29, 1944, May 19446: Sunk.1,2,6 Hit by torpedoes from U-549.6

CVE-22 USS Searcher

  • April 7, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-23 USS Breton

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • June 27, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • April 12, 1943: Completed.2,5,6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-23.6
  • Used in the Pacfiic.1,6

CVE-24 USS Searcher

  • April 25, 1943: Commissioned.5
  • Lend Lease to Great Britain as Attacker Class.5

CVE-25 USS Croatan

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • August 3, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • April 28, 1943: Completed.2,5,6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-25.6
  • Used in the Atlantic.1,6

CVE-31 USS Prince William

  • Manufacturer: Allis-Chalmers1, Seattle-Tacoma1,2,6, Seattle-Tacoma S.B. Corporation4
  • May 18, 1942: Laid down.6
  • August 23, 1942: Launched.1,2,4,6
  • April 9, 1943: Completed.2,5,6 Finished at Puget Sound Navy Yard.6
  • July 15, 1943: Designated CVE-31.6
  • 1943 - mid 1944: Used in the Pacific.1,6
  • Mid 1944: Atlantic.6 Transport and training.6
  • June 1945: Pacific.6

Usage

Aircraft Transport

When transporting just aircraft approximately 100 could be carried with 2/3 being carried on the flight deck.6

Submarine Hunters

The Bogue class was very successful at hunting submarines in the Atlantic.3 The Bogue sank 13 U-Boats.3 The Block Island, Card, Core, and Croatan sank 20 U-Boats between them.3

Royal Navy

Twenty six of the Bogue class ships were transferred to the Royal Navy and became the Attacker class.1 The Navy felt that they were too vulnerable and rebuilt them.2

Specifications

  Bogue Class
Crew 6504, 8901,6
Displacement 7,800 ton4, 8,390 tons6, 9,800 tons1
Displacement - Loaded 13,980 tons6
Physical Characteristics  
Length 494'4, 495' 9"1, 496'6
151.18 m6
Length - Water Line 465'1,4,6
141.736
Beam 69' 6"1,4,6
21.18 m6
Draft / Height 23' 3"1,4,6
7.09 m6
Draft / Height - Maximum 26'6
7.92 m6
Flight Deck 440' x 82'6
134.11 m x 24.99 m6
Performance  
Speed 16 - 16.5 knots4, 18 knots1,6
Range at 15 knots 26,300 nautical miles
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5"1, 5" L/386, 5" L/514: 1 or 24, 21,6
40 mm1, 40 mm Bofors4: 164, 201
40 mm twin mounts6: 46
20 mm6, 20 mm Oerlikon: 106, 204
Anti-Aircraft - 1945 5" L/38: 22
40 mm twin mounts2,6: 102,6
20 mm2,6: 272, 286
Aircraft 211, 286
Fighters: 124, 166
Torpedo-Bombers: 94, 126
Armor  
Engines  
Boilers Foster Wheeler4,6: 24,6
Shafts 11,6
Turbines Allis-Chalmers geared6, Geared1, Westinghouse geared4
HP 8,5001,5,6
Oil 2,400 tons6
Aircraft Fuel 100,000 gallons6
  USS Bogue
Crew 8903
Displacement 11,000 tons3
Displacement - Loaded 15,400 tons3
Physical Characteristics  
Length 495' 8"3
151.1 m3
Beam- Over Flight Deck 111' 6"3
34 m3
Draft / Height 26'3
7.92 m3
Performance  
Speed 18 knots3
Armament  
Aircraft - 1943 F4F Wildcats: 123
TBF Avenger: 123
Armor None3
Engines 1 shaft geared steam turbine3
HP 8,5003
  USS Nassau
Crew 8902
Displacement 9,393 tons2
Displacement - Loaded 13,891 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 495' 8"2
151.08 m2
Length - Waterline 465'2
141.73 m2
Beam 69' 6"2
21.18 m2
Draft / Height - Maximum 23' 3"2
7.09 m2
Performance  
Speed 16.5 knots2
Range at 15 knots 26,300 nautical miles
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/51: 22
40 mm: 42
20 mm: 102
Aircraft - 1942 282
Fighters: 162
Torpedo Bombers: 122
Armor  
Engines 1 shaft Allis-Chalmers turbine2
2 Foster-Wheeler boilers2
HP 8,5002
Oil 1,746 - 3,420 tons2
Aviation fuel 90,000 gallons2
  USS Prince William
Crew  
Displacement 8,300 tons4
Physical Characteristics  
Length 492'4
Beam 70'4
Draft / Height 25' 6"4

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  5. Allied Escort Carriers of World War Two in Action, Kenneth Poolman, 1988
  6. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
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