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United States' Northampton class cruisers

Photos

  • CA-26 USS Northampton
  • CA-26 USS Northampton
  • CA-26 USS Northampton
  • CA-27 USS Chester
  • CA-27 USS Chester
  • CA-27 USS Chester
  • CA-28 USS Louisville
  • CA-28 USS Louisville
  • CA-28 USS Louisville
  • CA-29 USS Chicago
  • CA-29 USS Chicago
  • CA-29 USS Chicago
  • CA-30 USS Houston
  • CA-30 USS Houston
  • CA-31 USS Augusta
  • CA-31 USS Augusta
  • CA-31 USS Augusta

 

Design

The Northampton class was to be an updated Pensacola class.1,5 The Pensacola class was authorized for construction in fiscal year 1929.1 The USS Northampton, USS Chester, and USS Louisville were to be Divisional flagships.1 The USS Chicago, USS Houston, and USS Augusta were to be Fleet flagships.1,3

Initially the USS Northampton, USS Pensacola, and USS Salt Lake City were considered light cruisers as at the time there was no heavy cruiser classification.1 In 1931 the CA classification was created and they were put into it.1

Aircraft

There was enough hanger space that all four aircraft could be placed inside to be worked on.1 There were two catapults for launching the aircraft.1,4

Ships

CA-26 USS Northampton

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy1,2,3
  • April 12, 1928: Laid down.1,3
  • September 5, 1929, 19295: Launched.1,2,3,5
  • May 19303, May 17, 1930: Completed.1,3
  • 1930 - summer 1940: Flagship of Cruiser Division 4, Scouting Forces, Pacific.1
  • Mid 1930s: Torpedo tubes removed.1
  • 1938 - 1939: Four 5" L/25 guns added.1
  • Summer 1940 - December 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 5.1
  • December 7, 1941: Was escorting USS Enterprise near Wake Island.1
  • Early 1942: Bombarded Wotje during carrier raids in Marshalls and Gilberts.1 Raid on Wake Island.1
  • March 1942: Raid on Marcus Islands.1
  • April 1942: Escorted Doolittle Raid.1
  • June 1942: Midway.1,2 Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).1
  • September 1942: Guadalcanal.1
  • October 1942: Battle of Santa Cruz.1,2
  • Guadalcanal.2
  • November 1942: Fourteen 20 mm and four 1.1" quad mounts in total.1
  • November 30 - December 1, 1942: Battle of Tassafaronga.1,2,5 Member of Task Force 16 (TF16).1 Hit by torpedoes from IJN Oyashio near Savo Island.1 Sank.1,2,3,5

CA-27 USS Chester

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding1,2,3,4
  • March 6, 1928: Laid down.1,3,4
  • July 3, 1929, 19295: Launched.1,2,3,4,5
  • June 19303,4, June 24, 1930: Completed.1,3,4
  • 1930 - 1936: Member of Cruiser Division 4.1
  • Mid 1930s: Torpedo tubes removed.1
  • 1936 - 1945: Member of Cruiser Division 5.1
  • 1938 - 1939: Four 5" L/25 guns added.1
  • Late 1940: Member of Cruiser Division 7, Patrol Force.1
  • December 7, 1941: Near Wake Island with USS Enterprise.1
  • January 1942: Landings at Samoa.1
  • February 1, 1942: Member of Task Group 8.3 (TG8.3).1 Damaged by bombs during attack on Taroa.1 Repairs at Pearl Harbor.1
  • May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea.1,2 Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).1 Picked up survivors of the USS Lexington.1
  • June - September 1942: Refit on west coast of United States.1
  • August 1942: Two 1.1" quad mounts and thirteen 20 mm guns added.1
  • September 1942: Member of Task Force 62 (TF62) at Noumea.1
  • October 20, 1942: Hit by torpedo from I 176 in Solomons.1,2 Temporary repairs at Espiritu Santo.1
  • Late 1942 - Summer 1943: Repairs in United States.1
  • November 1943: Gilbert Islands.1,2 Member of Task Group 50.3 (TG50.3).1
  • January - February 1944: Marshall Islands.1 Member of Task Group 50.15 (TG50.15).1
  • April 1944: Refit.1
  • June 1944: Bombardment of Kurile Islands.1 Member of Task Force 94 (TF94).1
  • August 1944: Pearl Harbor.1
  • October 1944: Battle of Leyte Gulf.1
  • November 1944 - February 1945: Iwo Jima.1,2 Bonin Islands.1
  • March - June 1945: Refit in United States.1
  • June - July 1945: Okinawa.1,2
  • August 1945: Aleutians.1
  • September 1945: Five 40 mm quad mounts3, two 40 mm twin mounts, and thirteen 20 mm twin mounts in total3.1 No starboard catapult.1
  • September 1945: Occupation of Japan.1

CA-28 USS Louisville

  • Manufacturer: Puget Sound Navy Yard1,2,3,4
  • July 4, 1928: Laid down.1,3,4
  • September 1, 1930, 19305: Launched.1,2,3,4,5
  • January 15, 1931, March 19313,4: Completed.1,3,4
  • 1931 - 1934: Member of Cruiser Division 5, Scouting Force.1
  • 1934 - 1937: Member of Cruiser Division 6.1
  • Mid 1930s: Torpedo tubes removed.1
  • 1937 - late 1940: Member of Cruiser Division 5.1
  • 1938 - 1939: Four 5" L/25 guns added.1
  • Late 1940: Member of Cruiser Division 7.1
  • 1940: Transported gold from Great Britain to United States.1
  • 1941 - 1945: Member of Cruiser Division 4.1
  • December 1941: Transported troops to Samoa.1
  • March 1942: Solomon Islands.1
  • May 1942: Aleutians.1 Member of Task Force 8 (TF8).1 Bombarded Kiska.1
  • November 1942: Pacific.1
  • January 1943: Battle of Rennell Island.1 Member of Task Force 67 (TF67).1
  • April 1943: Aleutians.1 Attu.2
  • December 1943 - January 1944: Refit at Mare Island Navy Yard.1
  • Kwajalein.2
  • Eniwetok.1
  • Hollandia.2
  • Palau Islands.1
  • Truk.1
  • Saipan.1,2
  • Guam.2
  • Tinian.1
  • Battle of Surigao Strait.1
  • Leyte Gulf.2
  • January 5 - 6, 1945: Badly damaged by two Kamikaze aircraft.1 Rear Admiral Chandler was killed.1
  • January - April 1945: Repairs in United States.1
  • June 5, 1945: Damaged by Kamikaze off Okinawa.1,2
  • June - August 1945: Repairs.1
  • August - October 1945: Helped with landing troops in China.1

CA-29 USS Chicago

  • Manufacturer: Mare Island Navy Yard1,2,3
  • September 10, 1928: Laid down.1,3
  • April 10, 1930, 19305: Launched.1,2,3,5
  • March 19313, March 9, 1931: Completed.1,3
  • 1931 - June 1939: Flagship of Cruiser Division 5, Scouting Force.1
  • Mid 1930s: Torpedo tubes removed.1
  • 1938 - 1939: Four 5" L/25 guns added.1
  • June 1939 - late 1940: Flagship of Cruisers, Scouting Force.1
  • Late 1940: Flagship of Cruisers, Cruiser Division 4.1
  • December 7, 1941: At sea off Hawaii with Task Force 12 (TF12).1
  • February 1942: Member of ANZAC squadron based at Suva, Fiji Islands.1
  • May 1942: Battle of Coral Sea.1,2
  • May 31, 1942: Repairs and refit at Sydney, Australia.1 Japanese midget submarines attacked and missed.1
  • August 1942: Landings at Guadalcanal.1,2 Member of Task Group 62.2 (TG62.2).1
  • August 9, 1942, August 19425: Battle of Savo Island.1,5 Lost most of bow by torpedo.1,5 Temporary repairs at Noumea and Sydney.1
  • October 13, 1942 - January 1943: Repairs in San Francisco.1
  • January 1943: Four 40 mm quad mounts and 20 20 mm gun in total.1
  • January 29, 1943: Member of Task Force 18 (TF18) operating off Rennell Island.1 Hit by aerial torpedo.1 Towed by USS Louisville.1
  • January 30, 1943: Savo Island.2 Sunk by four torpedoes.1,2,3,5 Went down in 20 minutes.1

CA-30 USS Houston

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1,2,3
  • May 1, 1928: Laid down.1,3
  • September 7, 1929, 19295: Launched.1,2,3,5
  • June 19303, June 17, 1930: Completed.1,3
  • February 1931: Flagship Asiatic Station.1
  • November 17, 1933: San Francisco.1
  • 1934: Member of Cruiser Division 6, Scouting Force.1
  • Mid 1930s: Torpedo tubes removed.1
  • 1935: Flagship Cruiser Division 5.1
  • 1937: Member of Cruiser Division 4.1
  • 1938: Flagship US Fleet.1
  • 1938 - 1939: Four 5" L/25 guns added.1
  • October 1940: Philippines.1
  • November 19, 1940: Flagship Asiatic Fleet.1
  • December 8, 1941: Member of Task Force 5 (TF5) escorting convoy to Australia.1
  • December 1941: Member of Australian-British-Dutch-American Command (ABDA).1
  • 1942: Far East.2
  • February 4, 1942: Damaged by bomb.1
  • February 27, 1942: Battle of Java Sea.1
  • March 1, 1942, March 19425: Sunk by torpedoes from IJN Mogami and IJN Mikuma.1,2,3 Sunk in the Java Sea.5

CA-31 USS Augusta

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1,2,3,4
  • July 2, 1928: Laid down.1,3,4
  • February 1, 1930, 19305: Launched.1,2,3,4,5
  • January 19313,4, January 30, 1931: Completed.1,3,4
  • 1931: Member of Atlantic Fleet.1
  • March 1932: Member of Pacific Fleet.1
  • March 9, 1933: Flagship Asiatic Squadron.1
  • Mid 1930s: Torpedo tubes removed.1
  • 1938 - 1939: Four 5" L/25 guns added.1
  • August 1940: Member of Cruiser Division 4, Scouting Force.1
  • Late 1940: Member of Patrol Force in Atlantic.1
  • May 1941: Flagship Patrol Foce.1
  • January 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 7.1 Flagship of Atlantic Fleet.1
  • August 1942: Transported President Roosevelt to Argentia Bay.1
  • November 1942: North Africa.1,2 Member of Task Group 34.9 (TG34.9), Center Attack Group.1 Damaged attacking French Primaguet.1
  • November 1942 - August 1943: Refit at New York Navy Yard.1
  • August - November 1943: Member of British Home Fleet at Scapa Flow.1
  • November 1943 - April 1944: Refit.1
  • April 1944: Great Britain.1
  • June 1944: Normandy landings.1,2 Flagship of Western Task Force.1
  • August - September 1944: Landings in Southern France.1,2
  • October 1944 - February 1945: Refit at Philadelphia Navy Yard.1
  • May 1945: Transported President Truman to Antwerp.1
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, four 40 mm twin mounts, and 20 20 mm guns in total.3

Specifications

  Northampton class / Chester class4
Crew 6171,3, 872 - 1,2004,5, 1,1002
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,006 tons1,3, 9,050 tons2,4, 9,050 tons - 9,300 tons5
Displacement - Loaded 11,420 tons1,3, 12,350 tons5
Length 600' 3"1,2,3,4,5
182.96 m1,3, 183 m5
Length - Waterline 569'4, 582'1,2,3
177.4 m1,3
Beam 66'4,5, 66' 1"3, 66' 3"2, 68' 1"1
20.1 m5, 20.14 m1,3
Draft / Height 16' 3"5, 16' 6"2,4, 19' 5"1,3
4.95 m5, 5.92 m1,3
Performance  
Speed 32.5 knots1,3,5, 32.7 knots2,4
Range at 15 knots 10,000 nautical miles1,3, 13,000 nautical miles4
Armament 8" / 20.3 cm triple turrets5, 8" triple turrets1,2, 8" L/55 triple turrets3,4: 31,2,3,4,5
Anti-Aircraft 5"1,2, 5" / 12.7 cm AA5, 5" L/253,4: 41,3, 82,4,5
40 mm4: 324
3 pdr5: 25
20 mm4: 274
0.5" / 12.7 mm5: 85
Aircraft 32, 41,3,4,5
Torpedo Tubes 21"1,3: 2 mounts 3 tubes each1,3
Armor  
Barbettes 1.5"3,5
3,8 cm5
Belt - Machinery 3"1,3
Belt - Magazines 3.75"3
Belt - Main 3"4,5, 3.75"1
7.6 cm5
Control Tower 8"5
20.3 cm5
Deck 1"3, 2"5, 2" + 1"4
5.1 cm5
Deck - Magazines 1"1, 2"3
Deck - Machinery 1"3
Turrets 1.5"4, 1.5" - 2.5"5
3.8 cm - 6.4 cm5
Turrets - Front 2.5"3
Turrets - Rear 0.75"3
Turrets - Side 0.75"3
Turrets - Top 2"3
Engines  
Boilers White-Forster: 81,3,4
Shafts 41,2,3,4,5
Turbines Geared2, Parsons geared1,3,4,5
HP 107,0001,2,3,4,5
Oil 1,417 tons - 2,108 tons3, 1,500 tons4, 2,108 tons1
  USS Chester
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,200 tons2,4
Length - Waterline 570'4
Draft / Height 16' 6"4
  USS Chicago
Crew 734 - 7483
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 9,300 tons2
  USS Houston
Crew 734 - 7483

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  5. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site