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United States' New Orleans Class Cruisers

Photos

CA-34 USS Astoria at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 11, 1941:
CA-34 USS Astoria at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 11, 1941
US Navy Photo, 19-N-25346
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor after repairs in April 1943:
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Pearl Harbor after repairs in April 1943
US Navy Photo, 80-GK-541
CA-36 USS Minneapolis at Mare Island Navy Yard on September 4, 1943:
CA-34 USS Astoria at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 11, 1941
US Navy Photo, 19-N-51995
CA-36 USS Minneapolis headed to Pearl Harbor for repairs after Battle of Tassaforonga:
CA-36 USS Minneapolis headed to Pearl Harbor for repairs after Battle of Tassaforonga
US Navy Photo, 80-G-44544
CA-32 USS New Orleans off England in June 1934:
CA-32 USS New Orleans off England in June 1934
US Navy Photo, NH-71787
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 9, 1942:
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 9, 1942
US Navy Photo, NH-97846
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Tulagi after being torpedoed:
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Tulagi after being torpedoed
US Navy Photo, 80-G-216014
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Puget Sound Navy Yard on August 5, 1943:
CA-32 USS New Orleans at Puget Sound Navy Yard on August 5, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-97848
CA-39 USS Quincy in the 1930s:
CA-39 USS Quincy in the 1930s
US Navy Photo, NH-42259
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Pearl Harbor in December 1942:
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Pearl Harbor in December 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-21099
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 15, 1943:
CA-38 USS San Francisco at Mare Island Navy Yard on February 15, 1943
US Navy Photo, 19-N-41052
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on a cruise with President Roosevelt in 1940:
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on a cruise with President Roosevelt in 1940
US Navy Photo, NH-50848
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on October 7, 1942:
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa on October 7, 1942
US Navy Photo, NH-97938
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa off Iwo Jima on February 16, 1945:
CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa off Iwo Jima on February 16, 1945
US Navy Photo, 80-G-309132
CA-44 USS Vincennes on trials off Rockland, Maine on January 12, 1937:
CA-44 USS Vincennes on trials off Rockland, Maine on January 12, 1937
US Navy Photo, 19-N-17183
CA-44 USS Vincennes in February 1937:
CA-44 USS Vincennes in February 1937
US Navy Photo, NH-95303

Design

The New Orleans class ships were designed under the restrictions of the 1930 London Naval Treaty. The Navy wanted a better protected cruiser than the Northampton class.

Aircraft

There was a hanger aft of the rear superstructure.

There were two catapults for launching aircraft.

Armament

The USS San Francisco and USS Tuscaloosa had lighter 8" guns and smaller turrets.

Ships

CA-32 USS New Orleans

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard
  • March 14, 1931: Laid down.
  • April 12, 1933: Launched.
  • February 15, 1934, April 18, 1934: Completed.
  • February 1934 - September 1945: Member of Cruiser Division 6.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor.
  • December 1941 - January 1942: Repairs.
  • February 1942: Convoy escort to Australia and Noumea.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Coral Sea.
  • June 1942: Midway.
  • July 1942: Member of USS Saratoga screen. Escorted USS Saratoga after being torpedoed.
  • Guadalcanal. Tulagi.
  • Eastern Solomons.
  • November 30, 1942: Member of Task Force 67 (TF67). Battle of Tassaforonga. Lost bow, forward of turret No. 2, to torpedo. Escorted to Tulagi by USS Maury.
  • December 1942 - August 1943: Repairs at Puget Sound.
  • September 1943: Wake Island.
  • September 1943: Gilbert Islands.
  • January 1944: Kwajalein.
  • February 1944: Truk raid. With USS Minneapolis sank IJN Katori and IJN Maikaze.
  • April 1944: Holandia.
  • Summer 1944: Marianas. Saipan. Truk. Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • September 1944: Bombarded Iwo Jima.
  • Palau.
  • October 1944: Leyte Gulf. Member of Task Force 34 (TF34).
  • December 1944 - March 1945: Refit at Mare Island.
  • 1945: Port catapult removed.
  • April 18, 1945: Arrived at Ulithi.
  • April - June 1945: Okinawa.
  • August 1945: Korea and China for Japanese surrender.

CA-34 USS Astoria

  • Manufacturer: Puget Sound Navy Yard
  • September 1, 1930: Laid down.
  • December 16, 1933: Launched.
  • April 28, 1934, June 1, 1934: Completed.
  • April 1934 - 1937: Member of Cruiser Division 7.
  • 1937 - 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 6.
  • December 7, 1941: On way to Midway Island with Task Force 11 (TF11).
  • February 1942: Member of Task Force 17 (TF17) with USS Yorktown on raid against Rabaul.
  • March 1942: Member of ANZAC force with USS Louisville, USS Chicago, and RAN Australia on carrier strike against Papua.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Coral Sea. Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).
  • June 1942: Midway. Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).
  • August 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi.
  • August 8 - 9, 1942, August 9, 1942: Sunk. Hit by gunfire and torpedoes off Savo Island. Undertow by minesweeper Hopkins when forward magazine blew up and she sank.

CA-36 USS Minneapolis

  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • June 27, 1931: Laid down.
  • September 6, 1933: Launched.
  • May 19, 1934, June 20, 1934: Completed.
  • 1934: Cruise to Europe.
  • 1934: Member of Cruiser Division 7.
  • December 1941 - February 1942: Patrolling off Hawaii.
  • February 1942: With USS Lexington escorted convoys from Panama Canal to southwest Pacific.
  • March 1942: Escorted carriers in raids on Papua.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Coral Sea. Member of Task Force 16 (TF16).
  • June 1942: Midway. Member of Task Force 16 (TF16).
  • August 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi.
  • Eastern Solomons.
  • November 30, 1942: Battle of Tassaforonga. Flagship of Task Force 67 (TF67). Lost bow, forward of turret No. 1, to torpedoes.
  • December 1942 - September 1943: Repairs in United States.
  • October 1943: Member of Task Force 14 (TF14). Raid on Wake Island.
  • November - December 1943: Occupation of Makin Island.
  • Gilbert Islands.
  • Kwajalein.
  • Truk raid.
  • Hollandia.
  • June 1944: Marianas. Saipan.
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Sea. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • Palau.
  • Leyte.
  • October 1944: Battle of Leyte Gulf.
  • Bataan. Corregidor.
  • Lingayan.
  • 1945: Port catapult removed.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • May 1945: Refit in United States.
  • August 1945: Philippines. Korea for Japanese surrender.

CA-37 USS Tuscaloosa

  • Manufacturer: New York Ship Building
  • September 3, 1931: Laid down.
  • November 15, 1933: Launched.
  • August 17, 1934: Completed.
  • 1934: Member of Cruiser Division 6. West coast.
  • 1939: East coast.
  • Spring 1939: Cruise around South America.
  • September 1939: Neutrality Patrol in North Atlantic.
  • August 1941: Escorted troop convoys to Ireland.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • April 1942: Member of British Home Fleet at Scapa Flow. Arctic convoy escort.
  • September 1942: Refit in United States.
  • October 1942: Sixteen 20 mm guns in total.
  • November 1942: North Africa. Western Task Force off Casablanca. Damaged French Fourgueux. Submarines Meduse and Antiope missed with torpedo attacks.
  • December 1942: Refit in United States.
  • September 1943: Raids on Norway. Escorted USS Ranger.
  • October 1943: Raid on Spitzbergen.
  • June 1944, June - July 1944: Normandy. Member of Force A off Utah Beach.
  • August 1944: Southern France.
  • January 1945: Member of 3rd Fleet. Based in Ulithi.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • March - April 1945, April 1945: Okinawa.
  • April 1945: 7th Fleet at Subic Bay, Philippines.

CA-38 USS San Francisco

  • Manufacturer: Mare Island Navy Yard
  • September 9, 1931: Laid down.
  • March 9, 1933: Launched.
  • February 10, 1934, April 23, 1934: Completed.
  • 1934 - 1938: Pacific.
  • 1938: Caribbean.
  • September 1939: Neutrality Patrols in Caribbean.
  • 1940: Member of Cruiser Division 6 at Pearl Harbor.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor. Was under refit at Pearl Harbor Navy Yard at time of attack. Not damage.
  • December 1941: Member of Task Force 14 (TF14), with USS Saratoga, in attempts to relieve Wake Island.
  • January 1942: Member of Task Force 11 (TF11), with USS Lexington, in aborted attempt to attack Wake Island.
  • February 20, 1942: Member of Task Force 11 (TF11) with ANZAC force in attack on Rabaul.
  • March 1942: Attack on Japanese landings at Lae.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • April 1942: Convoy escort between United States and Australia.
  • August 1942: Gualdalcanal. Tulagi.
  • August 7, 1942: Flagship of cruisers in Task Force 18 (TF18).
  • August 1942: Battle of Eastern Solomons.
  • October 1942: Battle of Cape Esperance. Member of Task Force 64 (TF64). Helped to sink IJN Fubuki.
  • October 1942: Battle of Santa Cruz.
  • November 12, 1942: Received damage from Japanese aircraft off Lunga Point. Battle of Savo Island. Heavily damaged.
  • November 1942 - February 1943: Repairs at Mare Island Navy Yard.
  • February 26, 1943: South Pacific.
  • April - August 1943: Member of Task Force 16 (TF16) in the Aleutians. Bombarded Attu and Kiska during retaking.
  • October 1943: Attacks on Wake Island.
  • November 1943: Gilbert Islands. Supported Makin invasion.
  • December 1943: Kwajalein.
  • Truk raid.
  • Hollandia.
  • Saipan.
  • Guam.
  • Marianas. Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • July - October 1944: Refit in United States.
  • November 1944: Flagship of Cruiser Division 6 at Ulithi.
  • Leyte. Philippines.
  • South China Sea.
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • Philippines.

CA-39 USS Quincy

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • November 15, 1933: Laid down.
  • June 19, 1935: Launched.
  • June 9, 1936: Completed.
  • 1936: Member of Cruiser Division 8 in the Atlantic.
  • Summer 1936: Mediterranean during Spanish Civil War.
  • September 1936: Returned to United States.
  • Spring 1937: Member of Cruiser Division 7 in the Pacific.
  • 1939: Cruiser around South America to the Atlantic.
  • Spring 1941: Neutrality Patrols in mid and north Atlantic. Convoy escort to South Africa and Iceland.
  • March - May 1942: Refit at New York Navy Yard.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • May 1942: Member of Task Force 18 (TF18) in Pacific.
  • August 7, 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi. Lunga Point.
  • August 9, 1942: Sunk. Battle of Savo Island.

CA-44 USS Vincennes

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • January 2, 1934: Laid down.
  • May 21, 1936: Launched.
  • February 24, 1937: Completed.
  • 1937: Cruise to Scandinavia and Europe.
  • Member of Cruiser Division 7 in Pacific.
  • April 1939: Atlantic.
  • September 1939: Neutrality Patrol.
  • March 1942: Pacific.
  • April 1942: Escorted Doolittle raid.
  • April - July 1942: Refit at Pearl Harbor.
  • April 1942: Four 1.1" quad mounts added.
  • June 1942: Midway.
  • July 1942: Guadalcanal. Tulagi. Member of Task Group 62 (TG62).
  • August 9, 1942: Sunk. Battle of Savo Island.

Specifications

  New Orleans class
Crew 868, 876 - 1,200, 1,050
Displacement 9,950 tons, 10,136 tons
Displacement - Loaded 12,493 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 588'
179.22 m
Length - Waterline 574', 578'
176.18 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 61' 9"
18.82 m
Draft / Height 19' 5", 19' 6", 22' 9"
6.93 m
Performance  
Speed 32.7 knots
Range at 15 knots 10,000 nautical miles
Armament 8" triple turrets, 8" L/55 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 5", 5" L/25: 8
40 mm: 16
20 mm: 19
0.5" machine guns: 8
Aircraft 4
Armor  
Barbettes 5"
Control Tower 8"
Deck 3" + 2"
Deck - Machinery 2.25"
Deck - Magazines 2.25"
Belt - Main 1.5" - 5", 3.25" - 5", 4" - 5.75"
Magazines - Sides 3" - 4"
Turrets  
Turrets - Front 5" - 6", 6"
Turrets - Rear 3"
Turrets - Side 1.5", 3"
Turrets - Top 2.25"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 8
Shafts 4
Turbines Geared, Westinghouse geared
HP 107,000
Oil 1,241 tons - 1,861 tons, 1,650 tons, 1,861 tons
  Quincy
Crew  
Displacement 9,375 tons
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes 5.5"
Belt - Main  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  San Francisco
Crew - Fleet Flagship  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes 6"
Belt  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  Tuscaloosa
Crew - Fleet Flagship  
Displacement 9,975 tons
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes 6"
Belt  
Deck  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines Parsons geared
HP  
Oil  
  Vincennes
Crew - Fleet Flagship  
Displacement 9,400 tons
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes 5.5"
Deck  
Belt - Machinery  
Magazines - Side  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site