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United States' Brooklyn Class Cruisers

Photos

CA-40 USS Brooklyn in New York City in 1939:
CA-40 USS Brooklyn in New York City in 1939
US Navy Photo, NH-81189
CA-40 USS Brooklyn on March 15, 1943:
CA-40 USS Brooklyn on March 15, 1943
US Navy Photo, 80-G-68106
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Philadelphia Navy Yard in October 22, 1937:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Philadelphia Navy Yard in October 22, 1937
US Navy Photo, NH-42610
CA-41 USS Philadelphia with a SOC in November 1942:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia with a SOC in November 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-470060
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Halifax, Nova Scotia on April 9, 1942:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Halifax, Nova Scotia on April 9, 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-405279
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in New York Navy Yard on April 26, 1943:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in New York Navy Yard on April 26, 1943
US Navy Photo, 19-N-44482
CA-42 USS Savannah after being damaged by a German glide bomb on November 11, 1943:
CA-42 USS Savannah after being damaged by a German glide bomb on November 11, 1943
US Navy Photo, SC-36432
CA-43 USS Nashville in New York City in 1939:
CA-43 USS Nashville in New York City in 1939
US Navy Photo, NH-68318
CA-43 USS Nashville at Mare Island, California on April 1, 1942:
CA-43 USS Nashville at Mare Island, California on April 1, 1942
US Navy Photo
CA-43 USS Nashville bombarding Kiska in August 1942:
CA-43 USS Nashville bombarding Kiska in August 1942
US Navy Photo, NH-50768
CA-46 USS Phoenix in 1939:
CA-46 USS Phoenix in 1939
US Navy Photo, NH-68326
CA-47 USS Boise in the south Pacific:
CA-47 USS Boise in the south Pacific
US Navy Photo, 80-GK-558
CA-48 USS Honolulu in Honolulu Harbor in July 1939:
CA-48 USS Honolulu in Honolulu Harbor in July 1939
US Navy Photo, 80-G-451205
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 4, 1941:
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 4, 1941
US Navy Photo, NH-80564
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on March 6, 1942:
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on March 6, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28229
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard:
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard
US Navy Photo
CA-50 USS Helena in Boston on June 15, 1940:
CA-50 USS Helena in Boston on June 15, 1940
US Navy Photo, NH-95816
CA-50 USS Helena in 1940:
CA-50 USS Helena in 1940
US Navy Photo, NH-95812
CA-50 USS Helena at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 27, 1942:
CA-50 USS Helena at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 27, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-31213

Design

The Brooklyn class were designed under the restrictions of the 1930 London Naval Treaty.

Aircraft

There was a hanger in the aft of the Brooklyn class ships. It could hold 6 aircraft. There were two catapults mounted.

Armament

  Weight of Shell Elevation Range
6" L/47 Mk 16 130 lb 60°  
47.5° 26,118 yards
23,882 m

Ships

CA-40 USS Brooklyn

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard
  • March 12, 1935: Laid down.
  • November 30, 1936: Launched.
  • September 30, 1937, July 18, 1938: Completed.
  • 1938: Member of Cruiser Division 8.
  • May 1941: Occupation of Iceland.
  • 1941: Neutrality Patrols in Atlantic.
  • December 1941: Convoy escort in Atlantic.
  • October 1942: Sailed for North Africa.
  • November 8, 1942: North Africa invasion. Operation Torch. Supported landings at Fedhala. Badly damaged the French Primatuet with the USS Augusta.
  • January - June 1943: Escorted convoys to North Africa.
  • July 1943: Sicily. Operation Husky. With Task Force 86 (TF86) covering 7th Army.
  • September 1943: Salerno landings. With Task Force 81 (TF81).
  • January 1944: Anzio. With Task Force 81 (TF81).
  • August 1944: Southern France.
  • November 1944 - May 1945: Refit at New York Navy Yard.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.

CA-41 USS Philadelphia

  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • May 28, 1935: Laid down.
  • November 17, 1936: Launched.
  • September 23, 1937, July 28, 1938: Completed.
  • June 27, 1938: Flagship of Cruiser Division 8.
  • Summer 1939 - May 1941: Pacific.
  • May 1941: Neutrality Patrols. Occupation of Iceland. Escorted convoys to Iceland.
  • Early 1942: Convoy escorts to England. Patrols in Caribbean.
  • November 7, 1942: North Africa.
  • November 24, 1942 - March 1943: Escorted convoys to North Africa from United States.
  • July 10 - August 1943: Sicily. Operation Husky. Member of Task Force 85 (TF85).
  • September 1943: Salerno. Damaged by near misses from radio guided bombs.
  • November 1943: Oran.
  • November 6, 1943: Sailed to United States.
  • December 1943 - January 1944: Refit at New York Navy Yard.
  • January 1944: Anzio.
  • Mid February - May 1944: Gun fire support at Anzio.
  • August 1944: Southern France. Member of Task Force 85 (TF85).
  • November 1944 - May 1945: Refit at Philadelphia Navy Yard.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.

CA-42 USS Savannah

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • May 31, 1934: Laid down.
  • May 8, 1937: Launched.
  • March 10, 1938, August 30, 1938: Completed.
  • Cruises to Cuba, Haiti, and Great Britain.
  • June 1939 - May 19, 1941: West Coast.
  • June 17, 1941: Flagship of Cruiser Division 8. Neutrality Patrols in Atlantic.
  • August 1942: 3" guns removed.
  • November 1942: North Africa. Operation Torch. Member of Western Task Force.
  • November 1942 - May 1943: Anti-blockade runner patrols in central and south Atlantic. With USS Santee.
  • May 1943: Mediterranean.
  • July 1943: Sicily. Three of Savannah's floatplanes were shot down.
  • September 1943: Salerno. Four 5" L/38 twin mounts added.
  • September 11, 1943: Hit by FX1400 radio controlled bomb. Heavy damaged. Bottom of ship was partially blown out. Temporary repairs at Malta.
  • December 7, 1943: Sailed to United States for repairs.
  • September 1944: Repairs completed. Used for training on east coast.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.

CA-43 USS Nashville

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • January 24, 1935: Laid down.
  • October 2, 1937: Launched.
  • June 6, 1938, August 30, 1938: Completed.
  • June 1938 - June 1939: Atlantic Fleet. Cruises in Caribbean and to Europe.
  • 1939 - 1941: Pacific.
  • May 1941: Boston.
  • June 1941: Escorts to Iceland. Neutrality Patrols.
  • June 1941 - March 1942: Based in Bermuda.
  • April 17, 1942: Escorted Doolittle raid to Japan.
  • May - November 1942: Member of Task Force 8 (TF8) in Aleutians.
  • November 1942: Flagship of Task Force 67 (TF67) at Espiritu Santo.
  • 1943 - 1944: Pacific raids.
  • 1943: Bombarded Munda and Vila on Guadalcanal.
  • May 1943: New Georgia. Bombarded Munda.
  • May 12, 1943: Suffered explosion in No. 1 turret magazine. Mare Island for repairs.
  • August 12, 1943: Arrived at Pearl Harbor. Member of Task Force 15 (TF15) and bombarded Marcus and Wake Islands.
  • December 1943: Member of Task Group 74.2 (TG74.2) for landings at Cape Gloucester.
  • January 1944: Supported landings at Saidor, New Guinea.
  • February - March 1944: Member of Task Force 74 (TF74). Supported landings in Admiralty Islands. Bombarded Hauwei and Norilo.
  • April 1944: Member of Task Force 75 (TF75). Supported landings at Hollandia and Altape.
  • May 1944: Supported landings at Biak.
  • September 15, 1944: Member of Task Group 75.1 (TG75.1). Supported landings on Morotai.
  • December 1944: Flagship of Task Group 78.3 (TG78.3). Supported landings on Mindoro.
  • December 13, 1944, December 15, 1944: Leyte. Heavily damaged by kamikaze. 310 crew were killed and wounded.
  • January - April 1945: Repairs at Puget Sound.
  • April 1945: Flagship of Task Force 74 (TF74) in the Philippines.
  • 1945: Borneo. Supported landings at Brunei Bay.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and nine 20 mm twin mounts in total.

CA-46 USS Phoenix

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • April 15, 1935: Laid down.
  • March 12, 1938, March 13, 1938: Launched.
  • October 3, 1938, March 18, 1939: Completed.
  • 1938: Member of Cruiser Division 9 in the Pacific.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor. Not damaged.
  • December 1941: Escorted convoys to Australia.
  • Early 1942: Indian Ocean.
  • February 1942: 3" guns removed.
  • 1942 - 1943: Member of Task Force 44 (TF44) with ANZAC forces.
  • March 1943: Task Force 44 (TF44) changed designation to Task Force 74 (TF74). Member of 7th Fleet.
  • July 1943: Refit at Philadelphia.
  • North Africa.
  • December 1943: Member of Task Group 74.2 (TG74.2) of 7th Fleet in Pacific. Supported landings at Cape Gloucester.
  • January 1944: Supported landings in New Guinea.
  • Biak and Hollandia in Admiralty Islands.
  • September 1944: Supported landings at Morotai.
  • October 1944: Member of Task Group 73.3 (TG73.3) supporting landings at Leyte.
  • January 1945: Supported invasion of Luzon.
  • February 1945: Supported invasion of Bataan and Corregidor.
  • March 1945: Supported invasion of Mindoro.
  • Lingayen.
  • Borneo.
  • August 15, 1945: Pearl Harbor.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm twin mounts and 19 20 mm guns in total.

CA-47 USS Boise

  • Manufacturer: Newport News
  • April 1, 1935: Laid down.
  • December 3, 1936: Launched.
  • August 12, 1938, February 1, 1939: Completed.
  • 1938: Member of Cruiser Division 9 in Pacific.
  • 1941: Far East.
  • January 12, 1942: Grounded. Repair at Mare Island Navy Yard.
  • August 1942: Guadalcanal.
  • October 11, 1942: Cape Esperance. Sustained damage from Japanese cruisers and destroyers. Hit below waterline. Helped sink IJN Fubuki.
  • November 19, 1942 - March 20, 1943: Repairs at Philadelphia Navy Yard.
  • July 1943: Sicily.
  • September 1943: Salerno.
  • June 8, 1943: Pacific.
  • December 1943: New Guinea.
  • Hollandia.
  • December 1944 - July 1945: Leyte. Mindoro. Lingayen. Philappines. Borneo.
  • July 1945: San Pedro.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm twin mounts and 18 20 mm guns in total.

CA-48 USS Honolulu

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard
  • September 10, 1935: Laid down.
  • August 26, 1937: Launched.
  • June 15, 1938, September 9, 1938: Completed.
  • 1938: Flagship of Cruiser Division 9.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor. Minor damage.
  • December 1941 - May 1942: Escorted convoys to Australia.
  • May 1942: Aleutians.
  • November 1942: Refit at Mare Island.
  • October 1942: Battle of Tassafaronga.
  • May 1943: Member of Task Force 68 (TF68). New Georgia.
  • July 5 - 6, 1943: Kula Gulf. Flagship of Task Force 36.1 (TF36.1). Sustained damage. Helped sink IJN Niisuki.
  • July 1943: Battle of Kolombangara. Sank IJN Jintsu. Heavily damaged in bow by torpedo.
  • August - November 1943: Repairs in United States.
  • February 1944: Member of Task Force 38 (TF38) off New Ireland.
  • February - June 1944: Solomon Islands.
  • Saipon. Member of Task Group 52.10 (TG52.10).
  • Guam.
  • Palau.
  • Marcus Islands.
  • October 20, 1944 Leyte. Hit by aerial torpedo.
  • October 1944 - October 1945: Repairs.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.

CA-49 USS St. Louis

  • Manufacturer: Newport News
  • December 10, 1936: Laid down.
  • April 15, 1938: Launched.
  • May 19, 1939, December 1939: Completed.
  • 1939 - September 1940: Neutrality Patrols.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor.
  • January 1942: Member of Task Force 17 at Marshall Islands.
  • January - May 1942: Escorted convoys to Australia.
  • May 1942: Aleutians.
  • October - December 1942: Refit at Mare Island.
  • December 1942: Solomon Islands.
  • 1943- 1945: Pacific raids.
  • June 1943: New Georgia.
  • July 5 - 6, 1943: Battle of Kula Gulf. Member of Task Force 36.1. Sustained damage.
  • July 12 - 13, 1943: Battle of Kolombangara. Lost bow to torpedoes. Temporary repairs at Tulagi and Espiritu Santo.
  • August - November 1943: Repairs at Mare Island.
  • Bougainville.
  • Shortland Islands.
  • Solomons.
  • Bismarcks.
  • New Ireland. Member of Task Force 39 (TF39).
  • February 14, 1944: Solomons. Damaged by bombs.
  • May 1944: Member of Task Force 52 (TF52). Saipan.
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Seas.
  • July - October 1944: Refit in United States.
  • Guam.
  • November 1944: Leyte.
  • November 27, 1944: Hit by kamikaze.
  • November 1944 - March 1945: Repairs in United States.
  • March 1945: Ulithi.
  • March 1945: Escorted carrier raids on Japan.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • August 1945: Member of Task Force 73 (TF73) off Shanghai.
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, ten 20 mm twin mounts and eight 20 mm guns in total.

CA-50 USS Helena

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard
  • December 9, 1936: Laid down.
  • August 27, 1938, August 28, 1938: Launched.
  • September 18, 1939, December 14, 1939: Completed.
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor. Hit by torpedo.
  • December 1941: Repairs in United States.
  • Guadalcanal. Helped rescue crew from USS Wasp.
  • October 1942: Cape Esperance. Helped sink IJN Furataka and IJN Fubuki.
  • Battle of Santa Cruz. Member of Task Force 64 (TF64).
  • November 12, 1942: Battle of Savo Island.
  • January 1943: New Georgia.
  • Refit in Sydney, Australia.
  • July 5 - 6, 1943, July 6, 1943: Battle of Kula Gulf. Sunk by Japanese destroyers.

Specifications

  Brooklyn class
Crew 868, 975 - 1,200, 1,300
Displacement 9,767 tons, 10,000 tons
Displacement - Brooklyn, Philadelphia 9,700 tons
Displacement - Nashville 9,475 tons
Displacement - Honolulu 9,650 tons
Displacement - Loaded 12,207 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 608' 4", 608' 6"
185.42 m
Length - Waterline 600'
182.88 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 61' 6", 61' 9"
18.82 m
Draft / Height 19' 6", 19' 9", 22' 9"
6.93 m
Performance  
Speed 32.5 knots, 34 knots
Range at 15 knots 10,000 nautical miles, 14,500 nautical miles
Armament 6" triple turrets, 6" L/47, 6" L/47 triple turrets, 6" L/47 Mk 16 triple turrets: 5, 15
Anti-Aircraft 5", 5" L/25: 8
40 mm: 16
20 mm: 24
0.5" machine guns: 8
Anti-Aircraft - St. Louis, Helena 5" twin mounts: 4
Aircraft 4
Armor  
Barbettes 6"
Belt - Main 1.5" - 4", 5.625"
Control Tower 5", 8"
Deck 2", 5"
Turrets 3" - 5"
Turrets - Front 6.5"
Turrets - Rear 1.25"
Turrets - Side 1.25"
Turrets - Top 2"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 8, Babcock & Wilcox Express: 8
Shafts 4
Turbines Geared, Parsons, Parsons geared, Westinghouse geared
HP 100,000
Oil 1,321 tons - 1,982 tons, 1,982 tons, 2,100 tons
  USS Helena
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/38 twin mounts: 4
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets - Front  
Turrets - Rear  
Turrets - Side  
Turrets - Top  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  USS Honolulu
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/38: 8
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets - Front  
Turrets - Rear  
Turrets - Side  
Turrets - Top  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  USS Savannah
Crew  
Displacement 9,475 tons, 9,767 tons
Displacement - Loaded 12,207 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/38: 8
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets - Front  
Turrets - Rear  
Turrets - Side  
Turrets - Top  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  USS St. Louis
Crew 888 - 1,200
Displacement 9,700 tons
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length 608' 3"
Length - Waterline 600'
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 61' 6"
Draft / Height 19' 9"
Performance  
Speed 32.5 knots
Range at 15 knots 14,500 miles
Armament 6" L/47: 15
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/38, 5" L/38 twin mounts: 4, 8
40 mm: 16
20 mm: 24
Aircraft 4
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main 1.5" - 5"
Control Tower 8"
Deck 5"
Turrets 3" - 5"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox Express: 8
Shafts 4
Turbines Westinghouse geared
HP 100,000
Oil 2,100 tons

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
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