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United States' Brooklyn Class Cruisers

Photos

CA-40 USS Brooklyn in New York City in 1939:
CA-40 USS Brooklyn in New York City in 1939
US Navy Photo, NH-81189
CA-40 USS Brooklyn on March 15, 1943:
CA-40 USS Brooklyn on March 15, 1943
US Navy Photo, 80-G-68106
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Philadelphia Navy Yard in October 22, 1937:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Philadelphia Navy Yard in October 22, 1937
US Navy Photo, NH-42610
CA-41 USS Philadelphia with a SOC in November 1942:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia with a SOC in November 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-470060
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Halifax, Nova Scotia on April 9, 1942:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in Halifax, Nova Scotia on April 9, 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-405279
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in New York Navy Yard on April 26, 1943:
CA-41 USS Philadelphia in New York Navy Yard on April 26, 1943
US Navy Photo, 19-N-44482
CA-42 USS Savannah after being damaged by a German glide bomb on November 11, 1943:
CA-42 USS Savannah after being damaged by a German glide bomb on November 11, 1943
US Navy Photo, SC-36432
CA-43 USS Nashville in New York City in 1939:
CA-43 USS Nashville in New York City in 1939
US Navy Photo, NH-68318
CA-43 USS Nashville at Mare Island, California on April 1, 1942:
CA-43 USS Nashville at Mare Island, California on April 1, 1942
US Navy Photo
CA-43 USS Nashville bombarding Kiska in August 1942:
CA-43 USS Nashville bombarding Kiska in August 1942
US Navy Photo, NH-50768
CA-46 USS Phoenix in 1939:
CA-46 USS Phoenix in 1939
US Navy Photo, NH-68326
CA-47 USS Boise in the south Pacific:
CA-47 USS Boise in the south Pacific
US Navy Photo, 80-GK-558
CA-48 USS Honolulu in Honolulu Harbor in July 1939:
CA-48 USS Honolulu in Honolulu Harbor in July 1939
US Navy Photo, 80-G-451205
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 4, 1941:
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 4, 1941
US Navy Photo, NH-80564
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on March 6, 1942:
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard on March 6, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28229
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard:
CA-49 USS St. Louis at Mare Island Navy Yard
US Navy Photo
CA-50 USS Helena in Boston on June 15, 1940:
CA-50 USS Helena in Boston on June 15, 1940
US Navy Photo, NH-95816
CA-50 USS Helena in 1940:
CA-50 USS Helena in 1940
US Navy Photo, NH-95812
CA-50 USS Helena at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 27, 1942:
CA-50 USS Helena at Mare Island Navy Yard on June 27, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-31213

Design

The Brooklyn class were designed under the restrictions of the 1930 London Naval Treaty.2,3

Aircraft

There was a hanger in the aft of the Brooklyn class ships.1,4 It could hold 6 aircraft.4 There were two catapults mounted.2,4

Armament

  Weight of Shell Elevation Range
6" L/47 Mk 162 130 lb2 60°2  
47.5°2 26,118 yards2
23,882 m2

Ships

CA-40 USS Brooklyn

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard1,2,3
  • March 12, 1935: Laid down.2,3
  • November 30, 1936: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • September 30, 1937, July 18, 19383: Completed.2,3
  • 1938: Member of Cruiser Division 8.2
  • May 1941: Occupation of Iceland.2
  • 1941: Neutrality Patrols in Atlantic.2
  • December 1941: Convoy escort in Atlantic.2
  • October 1942: Sailed for North Africa.2
  • November 8, 19422: North Africa invasion.1,2 Operation Torch.2 Supported landings at Fedhala.2 Badly damaged the French Primatuet with the USS Augusta.2
  • January - June 1943: Escorted convoys to North Africa.2
  • July 19432: Sicily.1,2 Operation Husky.2 With Task Force 86 (TF86) covering 7th Army.2
  • September 1943: Salerno landings.2 With Task Force 81 (TF81).2
  • January 19442: Anzio.1,2 With Task Force 81 (TF81).2
  • August 19442: Southern France.1,2
  • November 1944 - May 1945: Refit at New York Navy Yard.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.2,3

CA-41 USS Philadelphia

  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard1,2,3
  • May 28, 1935: Laid down.2,3
  • November 17, 1936: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • September 23, 1937, July 28, 19383: Completed.2,3
  • June 27, 1938: Flagship of Cruiser Division 8.2
  • Summer 1939 - May 1941: Pacific.2
  • May 1941: Neutrality Patrols.2 Occupation of Iceland.2 Escorted convoys to Iceland.2
  • Early 1942: Convoy escorts to England.2 Patrols in Caribbean.2
  • November 7, 19422: North Africa.1,2
  • November 24, 1942 - March 1943: Escorted convoys to North Africa from United States.2
  • July 10 - August 19432: Sicily.1,2 Operation Husky.2 Member of Task Force 85 (TF85).2
  • September 19432: Salerno.1,2 Damaged by near misses from radio guided bombs.2
  • November 1943: Oran.2
  • November 6, 1943: Sailed to United States.2
  • December 1943 - January 1944: Refit at New York Navy Yard.2
  • January 19442: Anzio.1,2
  • Mid February - May 1944: Gun fire support at Anzio.2
  • August 19442: Southern France.1,2 Member of Task Force 85 (TF85).2
  • November 1944 - May 1945: Refit at Philadelphia Navy Yard.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.2,3

CA-42 USS Savannah

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding1,2,3
  • May 31, 1934: Laid down.2,3
  • May 8, 1937: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • March 10, 1938, August 30, 19383: Completed.2,3
  • Cruises to Cuba, Haiti, and Great Britain.2
  • June 1939 - May 19, 1941: West Coast.2
  • June 17, 1941: Flagship of Cruiser Division 8.2 Neutrality Patrols in Atlantic.2
  • August 1942: 3" guns removed.2
  • November 19422: North Africa.1,2 Operation Torch.2 Member of Western Task Force.2
  • November 1942 - May 1943: Anti-blockade runner patrols in central and south Atlantic.2 With USS Santee.2
  • May 1943: Mediterranean.2
  • July 19432: Sicily.1,2 Three of Savannah's floatplanes were shot down.2
  • September 19432: Salerno.1,2 Four 5" L/38 twin mounts added.2
  • September 11, 19432: Hit by FX1400 radio controlled bomb.2 Heavy damaged.1,2 Bottom of ship was partially blown out.2 Temporary repairs at Malta.2
  • December 7, 1943: Sailed to United States for repairs.2
  • September 1944: Repairs completed.2 Used for training on east coast.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.2,3

CA-43 USS Nashville

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding1,2,3
  • January 24, 1935: Laid down.2,3
  • October 2, 1937: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • June 6, 1938, August 30, 19383: Completed.2,3
  • June 1938 - June 1939: Atlantic Fleet.2 Cruises in Caribbean and to Europe.2
  • 1939 - 1941: Pacific.2
  • May 1941: Boston.2
  • June 1941: Escorts to Iceland.2 Neutrality Patrols.2
  • June 1941 - March 1942: Based in Bermuda.2
  • April 17, 1942: Escorted Doolittle raid to Japan.2
  • May - November 1942: Member of Task Force 8 (TF8) in Aleutians.2
  • November 1942: Flagship of Task Force 67 (TF67) at Espiritu Santo.2
  • 1943 - 1944: Pacific raids.1
  • 1943: Bombarded Munda and Vila on Guadalcanal.2
  • May 1943: New Georgia.2 Bombarded Munda.2
  • May 12, 1943: Suffered explosion in No. 1 turret magazine.2 Mare Island for repairs.2
  • August 12, 1943: Arrived at Pearl Harbor.2 Member of Task Force 15 (TF15) and bombarded Marcus and Wake Islands.2
  • December 1943: Member of Task Group 74.2 (TG74.2) for landings at Cape Gloucester.2
  • January 19442: Supported landings at Saidor, New Guinea.1,2
  • February - March 1944: Member of Task Force 74 (TF74).2 Supported landings in Admiralty Islands.2 Bombarded Hauwei and Norilo.2
  • April 1944: Member of Task Force 75 (TF75).2 Supported landings at Hollandia and Altape.2
  • May 1944: Supported landings at Biak.2
  • September 15, 1944: Member of Task Group 75.1 (TG75.1).2 Supported landings on Morotai.2
  • December 19442: Flagship of Task Group 78.3 (TG78.3).2 Supported landings on Mindoro.1,2
  • December 13, 1944, December 15, 19442: Leyte.1 Heavily damaged by kamikaze.1,2 310 crew were killed and wounded.2
  • January - April 1945: Repairs at Puget Sound.2
  • April 1945: Flagship of Task Force 74 (TF74) in the Philippines.2
  • 19452: Borneo.1,2 Supported landings at Brunei Bay.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and nine 20 mm twin mounts in total.2,3

CA-46 USS Phoenix

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding1,2,3
  • April 15, 1935: Laid down.2,3
  • March 12, 19383,4, March 13, 19382: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • October 3, 1938, March 18, 19393: Completed.2,3
  • 1938: Member of Cruiser Division 9 in the Pacific.2
  • December 7, 19412: Pearl Harbor.1,2 Not damaged.2
  • December 1941: Escorted convoys to Australia.2
  • Early 1942: Indian Ocean.2
  • February 1942: 3" guns removed.2
  • 1942 - 1943: Member of Task Force 44 (TF44) with ANZAC forces.2
  • March 1943: Task Force 44 (TF44) changed designation to Task Force 74 (TF74).2 Member of 7th Fleet.2
  • July 1943: Refit at Philadelphia.2
  • North Africa.2
  • December 1943: Member of Task Group 74.2 (TG74.2) of 7th Fleet in Pacific.2 Supported landings at Cape Gloucester.2
  • January 1944: Supported landings in New Guinea.2
  • Biak and Hollandia in Admiralty Islands.1,2
  • September 1944: Supported landings at Morotai.2
  • October 19442: Member of Task Group 73.3 (TG73.3) supporting landings at Leyte.1,2
  • January 1945: Supported invasion of Luzon.2
  • February 1945: Supported invasion of Bataan and Corregidor.2
  • March 19452: Supported invasion of Mindoro.1,2
  • Lingayen.1
  • Borneo.1
  • August 15, 1945: Pearl Harbor.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm twin mounts and 19 20 mm guns in total.2,3

CA-47 USS Boise

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1,2,3
  • April 1, 1935: Laid down.2,3
  • December 3, 1936: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • August 12, 1938, February 1, 19393: Completed.2,3
  • 1938: Member of Cruiser Division 9 in Pacific.2
  • 1941: Far East.1
  • January 12, 1942: Grounded.2 Repair at Mare Island Navy Yard.2
  • August 1942: Guadalcanal.2
  • October 11, 19422: Cape Esperance.1,2 Sustained damage from Japanese cruisers and destroyers.1,2 Hit below waterline.2 Helped sink IJN Fubuki.2
  • November 19, 1942 - March 20, 1943: Repairs at Philadelphia Navy Yard.2
  • July 19432: Sicily.1,2
  • September 19432: Salerno.1,2
  • June 8, 1943: Pacific.2
  • December 1943: New Guinea.2
  • Hollandia.1
  • December 1944 - July 19452: Leyte.1 Mindoro.1 Lingayen.1 Philappines.2 Borneo.1,2
  • July 1945: San Pedro.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm twin mounts and 18 20 mm guns in total.2,3

CA-48 USS Honolulu

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard1,2,3
  • September 10, 1935: Laid down.2,3
  • August 26, 1937: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • June 15, 1938, September 9, 19383: Completed.2,3
  • 1938: Flagship of Cruiser Division 9.2
  • December 7, 19412: Pearl Harbor.1,2 Minor damage.2,4
  • December 1941 - May 1942: Escorted convoys to Australia.2
  • May 1942: Aleutians.2
  • November 1942: Refit at Mare Island.2
  • October 19422: Battle of Tassafaronga.1,2
  • May 19432: Member of Task Force 68 (TF68).2 New Georgia.1,2
  • July 5 - 6, 19432: Kula Gulf.1,2 Flagship of Task Force 36.1 (TF36.1).2 Sustained damage.1 Helped sink IJN Niisuki.2
  • July 1943: Battle of Kolombangara.2 Sank IJN Jintsu.2 Heavily damaged in bow by torpedo.2
  • August - November 1943: Repairs in United States.2
  • February 1944: Member of Task Force 38 (TF38) off New Ireland.2
  • February - June 1944: Solomon Islands.2
  • Saipon.1,2 Member of Task Group 52.10 (TG52.10).2
  • Guam.1,2
  • Palau.1,2
  • Marcus Islands.2
  • October 20, 19442 Leyte.1,2 Hit by aerial torpedo.1,2,4
  • October 1944 - October 1945: Repairs.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, and ten 20 mm twin mounts in total.2,3

CA-49 USS St. Louis

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1,2,3,4
  • December 10, 1936: Laid down.2,3,4
  • April 15, 1938: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • May 19, 1939, December 19393,4: Completed.2,3,4
  • 1939 - September 1940: Neutrality Patrols.2
  • December 7, 19412: Pearl Harbor.1,2
  • January 1942: Member of Task Force 17 at Marshall Islands.2
  • January - May 1942: Escorted convoys to Australia.2
  • May 1942: Aleutians.2
  • October - December 1942: Refit at Mare Island.2
  • December 1942: Solomon Islands.2
  • 1943- 1945: Pacific raids.1
  • June 19432: New Georgia.1,2
  • July 5 - 6, 19432: Battle of Kula Gulf.1,2 Member of Task Force 36.1.2 Sustained damage.1
  • July 12 - 13, 1943: Battle of Kolombangara.2 Lost bow to torpedoes.2 Temporary repairs at Tulagi and Espiritu Santo.2
  • August - November 1943: Repairs at Mare Island.2
  • Bougainville.1,2
  • Shortland Islands.2
  • Solomons.2
  • Bismarcks.2
  • New Ireland.2 Member of Task Force 39 (TF39).2
  • February 14, 1944: Solomons.2 Damaged by bombs.2
  • May 1944: Member of Task Force 52 (TF52).2 Saipan.1,2
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Seas.2
  • July - October 1944: Refit in United States.2
  • Guam.1
  • November 19442: Leyte.1,2
  • November 27, 1944: Hit by kamikaze.2
  • November 1944 - March 1945: Repairs in United States.2
  • March 1945: Ulithi.2
  • March 1945: Escorted carrier raids on Japan.2
  • April 1945: Okinawa.2
  • August 1945: Member of Task Force 73 (TF73) off Shanghai.2
  • September 1945: Four 40 mm quad mounts, six 40 mm twin mounts, ten 20 mm twin mounts and eight 20 mm guns in total.2,3

CA-50 USS Helena

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard1,2,3
  • December 9, 1936: Laid down.2,3
  • August 27, 1938, August 28, 19383: Launched.1,2,3
  • September 18, 1939, December 14, 19393: Completed.2,3
  • December 7, 19412: Pearl Harbor.1,2 Hit by torpedo.1,2
  • December 1941: Repairs in United States.2
  • Guadalcanal.1,2 Helped rescue crew from USS Wasp.2
  • October 19422: Cape Esperance.1,2 Helped sink IJN Furataka and IJN Fubuki.2
  • Battle of Santa Cruz.2 Member of Task Force 64 (TF64).2
  • November 12, 1942: Battle of Savo Island.2
  • January 19432: New Georgia.1,2
  • Refit in Sydney, Australia.2
  • July 5 - 6, 19432, July 6, 19431,3: Battle of Kula Gulf.1,2 Sunk by Japanese destroyers.1,2

Specifications

  Brooklyn class
Crew 8682,3, 975 - 1,2004, 1,3001
Displacement 9,767 tons2, 10,000 tons1,4
Displacement - Brooklyn, Philadelphia 9,700 tons1,4
Displacement - Nashville 9,475 tons1
Displacement - Honolulu 9,650 tons1,4
Displacement - Loaded 12,207 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 608' 4"2,3, 608' 6"1
185.42 m2,3
Length - Waterline 600'1,2,3,4
182.88 m2,3
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 61' 6"4, 61' 9"1,2,3
18.82 m2,3
Draft / Height 19' 6"1, 19' 9"4, 22' 9"2,3
6.93 m2,3
Performance  
Speed 32.5 knots2,3,4, 34 knots1
Range at 15 knots 10,000 nautical miles2,3, 14,500 nautical miles4
Armament 6" triple turrets1, 6" L/474, 6" L/47 triple turrets3, 6" L/47 Mk 16 triple turrets2: 51,2,3, 154
Anti-Aircraft 5"1, 5" L/252,3,4: 81,2,3,4
40 mm4: 164
20 mm4: 244
0.5" machine guns2,3: 82,3
Anti-Aircraft - St. Louis, Helena 5" twin mounts2: 42
Aircraft 41,2,3,4
Armor  
Barbettes 6"2,3
Belt - Main 1.5" - 4"4, 5.625"2,3
Control Tower 5"2,3, 8"4
Deck 2"2,3, 5"4
Turrets 3" - 5"4
Turrets - Front 6.5"2,3
Turrets - Rear 1.25"3
Turrets - Side 1.25"3
Turrets - Top 2"2,3
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 82,3, Babcock & Wilcox Express: 84
Shafts 41,2,3,4
Turbines Geared1, Parsons2, Parsons geared3, Westinghouse geared4
HP 100,0001,2,3,4
Oil 1,321 tons - 1,982 tons3, 1,982 tons2, 2,100 tons4
  USS Helena
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/38 twin mounts3: 43
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets - Front  
Turrets - Rear  
Turrets - Side  
Turrets - Top  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  USS Honolulu
Crew  
Displacement  
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/384: 84
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets - Front  
Turrets - Rear  
Turrets - Side  
Turrets - Top  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  USS Savannah
Crew  
Displacement 9,475 tons1,4, 9,767 tons3
Displacement - Loaded 12,207 tons3
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 15 knots  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/384: 84
Aircraft  
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main  
Control Tower  
Deck  
Turrets - Front  
Turrets - Rear  
Turrets - Side  
Turrets - Top  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines  
HP  
Oil  
  USS St. Louis
Crew 888 - 1,2004
Displacement 9,700 tons4
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length 608' 3"4
Length - Waterline 600'4
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 61' 6"4
Draft / Height 19' 9"4
Performance  
Speed 32.5 knots4
Range at 15 knots 14,500 miles4
Armament 6" L/474: 154
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/384, 5" L/38 twin mounts3: 43, 84
40 mm4: 164
20 mm4: 244
Aircraft 44
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main 1.5" - 5"4
Control Tower 8"4
Deck 5"4
Turrets 3" - 5"4
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox Express: 84
Shafts 44
Turbines Westinghouse geared4
HP 100,0004
Oil 2,100 tons4

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
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