World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
United States' flag

United States' Baltimore Class Cruisers

Photos

CA-68 USS Baltimore at the Boston Navy Yard on September 10, 1943:
CA-68 USS Baltimore at the Boston Navy Yard on September 10, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-91452
CA-68 USS Baltimore at Mare Island Navy Yard on October 21, 1944:
CA-68 USS Baltimore at Mare Island Navy Yard on October 21, 1944
US Navy Photo, 19-N-74299
CA-68 USS Baltimore at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 16, 1944:
CA-68 USS Baltimore at Mare Island Navy Yard on July 16, 1944
US Navy Photo, 80-G-405279
CA-69 USS Boston in Boston Harbor on June 30, 1943:
CA-69 USS Boston in Boston Harbor on June 30, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-98279
CA-70 USS Canberra:
CA-70 USS Canberra
US Navy Photo, NH-45505
CA-70 USS Canberra with Task Force 38 in October 10, 1944:
CA-70 USS Canberra with Task Force 38 in October 10, 1944
US Navy Photo, 80-G-284472
CA-74 USS Columbus in New York City in 1945:
CA-74 USS Columbus in New York City in 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-105562
CA-75 USS Helena in October 1945:
CA-75 USS Helena in October 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-67682
CA-75 USS Helena at Quincy Bay on September 3, 1945:
CA-75 USS Helena at Quincy Bay on September 3, 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-95818
CA-75 USS Helena on September 3, 1945:
CA-75 USS Helena on September 3, 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-95817
CA-72 USS Pittsburgh in November 1944:
CA-72 USS Pittsburgh in November 1944
US Navy Photo, USN-1035735
CA-72 USS Pittsburgh:
CA-72 USS Pittsburgh
US Navy Photo
CA-71 USS Quincy in San Francisco Bay in 1945:
CA-71 USS Quincy in San Francisco Bay in 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-82516
CA-73 USS St. Paul in Boston Harbor on February 16, 1945:
CA-73 USS St. Paul in Boston Harbor on February 16, 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-94151

Design

The Baltimore class was to improve upon the Wichita's stability issues. Additional protection was added for protection against mines based on experience in Europe.

CA-68 through CA-71 had town funnels and the rest had one funnel.

Aircraft

For CA-68 through CA-71 there were two cranes for taking aircraft out of the stern hangers, and the rest had only one crane.

There are two catapults for the aircraft that were carried.

Ships

CA-68 USS Baltimore

  • July 1, 1940: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • May 26, 1941: Laid down.
  • July 28, 1942: Launched.
  • April 15, 1943: Completed.
  • 1943: Member of Cruiser Division 10 in Pacific.
  • November 1943: Member of Task Group 52.2 (TG52.2) for Makin Island invasion.
  • Gilbert Islands.
  • December 1943: Kwajalein. Member of Task Group 50.1 (TG50.1).
  • 1944 - 1945: Pacific Raids.
  • January 1944: Wotje. Maloelap. Eniwetok. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • January 29 - February 6, 1944: Supported Eniwetok invasion.
  • February 1944: Truk raid. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • March 1944: Palaus. Yap. Ulithi. Hollandia.
  • April 30, 1944: Bombarded Satawan Islands with eight other cruisers.
  • May 1944: Marcus Island and Wake Island raids. Member of Task Group 58.2 (TF58.2).
  • June 1944: Marianas. Vulcan Island.
  • June 11 - 15, 1944: Iwo Jima. Chichijima. Hahajima.
  • June 1944: Saipan invasion.
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • July - November 1944: Refit in United States.
  • December 1944 - January 1945: Member of Task Group 38.1 (TG38.1) of Third Fleet. Luzon. Formosa. Okinawa.
  • February 10, 1945: Japanese mainland raid. Member of Task Group 58.5 (TG58.5).
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • March 1945: Japanese Inland Sea.
  • April 1945 - Summer 1945: Okinawa.

CA-69 USS Boston

  • July 1, 1940: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • June 30, 1941, June 31, 1941: Laid down.
  • August 26, 1942: Launched.
  • June 30, 1943: Completed.
  • 1944 - 1945: Pacific Raids.
  • January 1944: Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • February 1944: Kwajalein invasion. Majuro invasion. Eniwetok invasion.
  • March 1944: Palaus. Western Carolinas.
  • April 21 - 24, 1944: Hollandia invasion.
  • April 1944: Bombarded Satawan Islands.
  • May 1944: Escorted carriers on raids on Marcus and Wake Islands.
  • June 1944: Marianas. Member of Task Group 58.1 (TG58.1).
  • June 1944: Saipan invasion.
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • Guam invasion.
  • August - September 1944: Palaus. Mindanao. Luzon. Visayas. Member of Task Group 38.1 (TG38.1).
  • October 1944: Formosa raids.
  • October 1944: Philippines. Leyte Gulf. Member of Task Group 38.1 (TG38.1).
  • December 1944: Northern Formosa, Ryuku Islands, and Okinawa raids.
  • January 1945: Escorted carriers on raids against targets on Chinese coast, Tokyo, and Inland Sea.
  • Iwo Jima.
  • March - June 1945: Refit at Long Beach.
  • July - August 1945: Escorted carriers on raids against Japan.

CA-70 USS Canberra

  • July 1, 1940: Ordered.
  • Original name: Pittsburgh
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • September 3, 1941: Laid down.
  • April 19, 1943: Launched.
  • October 14, 1943: Completed.
  • 1943: Member of Cruiser Division 10 in Pacific.
  • February 1, 1944: Arrived at Pearl Harbor.
  • February 1944: Eniwetok invasion. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • March 1944: Escorted USS Yorktown and USS Enterprise on raids against Palaus, Yap, Ulithi, Truk, and Satawan.
  • April 30, 1944: Bombarded Satawan Islands.
  • Hollandia.
  • May 1944: Marcus Island and Wake Island raids. Member of Task Group 58.2 (TG58.2).
  • June 1944: Marianas Islands. Vulcan Islands. Guam. Iwo Jima. Battle of Philippine Sea. Member of Task Group 58.1 (TG58.1).
  • August 1944: Philippines. Member of Task Group 38.1 (TG38.1) of Task Force 38 (TF38). Palaus. Mindanao. Visayas.
  • Leyte.
  • October 1944: Escorted carriers on strikes against Formosa, Okinawa, and Luzon.
  • October 13, 1944: Heavily damaged by airborne torpedo off Formosa. Towed to Ulithi by USS Wichita and tugs. Went to Manus for repairs.
  • February - October 1945: Repairs at Boston Navy Yard.

CA-71 USS Quincy

  • July 1, 1940: Ordered.
  • Original name: St. Paul
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • October 9, 1941: Laid down.
  • June 23, 1943: Launched.
  • December 15, 1943: Completed.
  • 1943: Member of Cruiser Division 10 in Pacific.
  • March 1944: Member of Task Force 22 (TF22).
  • April 1944: Member of 12th Fleet in Europe.
  • June - July 1944: Normandy. Member of Force A supporting Utah Beach.
  • August 1944: Southern France (Operation Dragoon). Member of Task Group 86.4 (TG86.4), Support Force.
  • September - October 1944: Refit in Boston.
  • October 1944: Cruise to Great Bitter lakes for Presidential conference with Arab leaders.
  • February 1945: Returned to United States.
  • April 11, 1945: Member of Cruiser Division 10, Pacific Fleet at Ulithi.
  • 1945: Pacific raids. Okinawa. Japan. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • July 1945: Escorted carrier raids on Japan.

CA-72 USS Pittsburgh

  • September 9, 1940: Ordered.
  • Original name: Albany
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • February 3, 1943: Laid down.
  • February 22, 1944: Launched.
  • October 10, 1944: Completed.
  • 1945: Pacific raids.
  • February 13, 1945: Flagship of Cruiser Division 19 at Ulithi. Member of Task Group 58.2 (TG58.2).
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima. Japan.
  • March 1945: Nansei Shoto. Kyushu.
  • March 14, 1945: Escorted badly damaged USS Franklin out of battle zone.
  • March - May 1945: Okinawa.
  • June 5, 1945: Lost bow in typhoon. Guam for temporary repairs.
  • June - September 1945: Repairs at Puget Sound Navy Yard.

CA-73 USS St. Paul

  • September 9, 1940: Ordered.
  • Original name: Rochester
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • February 3, 1943: Laid down.
  • September 16, 1944: Launched.
  • February 17, 1945: Completed.
  • June 1945: Pearl Harbor. Member of Cruiser Division 19.
  • 1945: Pacific raids.
  • July - August 1945: Japanese mainland raids. Member of Task Force 38 (TF38).

CA-74 USS Columbus

  • September 9, 1940: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • June 28, 1943: Laid down.
  • November 30, 1944: Launched.
  • June 8, 1945: Completed.

CA-75 USS Helena

  • September 9, 1940: Ordered.
  • Original name: Des Moines
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • September 9, 1943: Laid down.
  • April 28, 1945: Launched.
  • September 4, 1945: Completed.

CA-122 USS Oregon City

  • Class: Oregon City
  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • April 8, 1944: Laid down.
  • June 9, 1945: Launched.
  • February 16, 1946: Completed.

CA-123 USS Albany

  • Class: Oregon City
  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • March 6, 1944: Laid down.
  • June 30, 1945: Launched.
  • June 11, 1946, June 15, 1946: Completed.

CA-124 USS Rochester

  • Class: Oregon City
  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • May 29, 1944: Laid down.
  • August 28, 1945: Launched.
  • December 20, 1946: Completed.

CA-125 USS Northampton

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • August 31, 1944: Laid down.
  • January 1, 1951, January 27, 1951: Launched.
  • March 7, 1953: Completed.

CA-126 USS Cambridge

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • December 16, 1944: Laid down.
  • August 12, 1945: Cancelled.

CA-127 USS Bridgeport

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • January 13, 1945: Laid down.
  • August 12, 1945: Cancelled.

CA-128 USS Kansas City

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • August 12, 1945: Cancelled.

CA-129 USS Tulsa

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • August 12, 1945: Cancelled.

CA-130 USS Bremerton

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • February 1, 1943: Laid down.
  • July 2, 1944: Launched.
  • April 29, 1945: Completed.

CA-131 USS Fall River

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • April 12, 1943: Laid down.
  • August 13, 1944: Launched.
  • July 1, 1945: Completed.

CA-132 USS Macon

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • June 14, 1943: Laid down.
  • October 15, 1944: Launched.
  • August 25, 1945, August 26, 1945: Completed.

CA-133 USS Toledo

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding
  • September 13, 1943: Laid down.
  • May 5, 1945, May 6, 1945: Launched.
  • October 27, 1946: Completed.

CA-135 USS Los Angeles

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • July 28, 1943: Laid down.
  • August 20, 1944: Launched.
  • July 22, 1945: Completed.

CA-136 USS Chicago

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • July 28, 1943: Laid down.
  • August 20, 1944: Launched.
  • January 10, 1945: Completed.
  • 1945: Pacific raids.
  • July - August 1945: Bombarded Japan.

CA-137 USS Norfolk

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • December 27, 1944: Laid down.
  • August 12, 1945: Cancelled.

CA-138 USS Scranton

  • August 7, 1942: Ordered.
  • Manufacturer: Philadelphia Navy Yard
  • December 27, 1944: Laid down.
  • August 12, 1945: Cancelled.

Specifications

  Baltimore class
Crew 1,700, 2,039
Displacement 13,600 tons, 14,472 tons
Displacement - Loaded 16,000 tons, 17,031 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 673' 5", 673' 6", 675'
205.26 m
Length - Waterline 664'
202.39 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 69' 9", 70' 10", 71'
21.59 m
Draft / Height 20' 6", 24'
7.32 m
Performance  
Speed 33 knots
Range at 15 knots 10,000 nautical miles
Armament 8" triple turrets, 8" L/55 triple turrets, 8" L/55 Mk 12 or Mk 15 triple turrets: 3
Anti-Aircraft 5" L/38 twin mounts, 5" DP twin mounts: 6
40 mm quad mounts: 11
40 mm twin mounts: 2
40 mm: 44, 48
20 mm: 23 - 28, 24
Anti-Aircraft (CA68 - CA71) 40 mm quad mounts: 12
Anti-Aircraft (CA72 - CA138) 40 mm quad mounts: 11
40 mm twin mounts: 2
Aircraft 4
Armor  
Barbettes 6.3", 6.33"
Belt - Main 4" - 6", 6" - 8"
Control Tower 6"
Deck 2.5", 3" + 2"
Turrets - Front 8"
Turrets - Rear 1.5"
Turrets - Side 2" - 3.75"
Turrets - Top 3"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 4, 8
Shafts 4
Turbines Geared, General Electric geared
HP 120,000
Oil 1,200 tons - 2,250 tons, 2,250 tons, 2,500 tons

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site