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United States' Atlanta Class Cruisers

Photos

CL-51 USS Atlanta in 1941:
CL-51 USS Atlanta in 1941
US Navy Photo, NH-57453
CL-52 USS Juneau in New York Harbor on February 11, 1942:
CL-52 USS Juneau in New York Harbor on February 11, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28144
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching:
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28147
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching:
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28149
CL-53 USS San Diego in Boston Harbor on January 10, 1942:
CL-53 USS San Diego in Boston Harbor on January 10, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-27236
CL-53 USS San Diego at San Francisco on January 1, 1944:
CL-53 USS San Diego at San Francisco on January 1, 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-97826
CL-53 USS San Diego at Mare Island on April 9, 1944:
CL-53 USS San Diego at Mare Island on April 9, 1944
US Navy Photo, 19-N-64799
CL-54 USS San Juan at New Caledonia on August 3, 1942:
CL-54 USS San Juan at New Caledonia on August 3, 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-K-555

CL-54 USS San Juan at San Francisco on October 14, 1944:
CL-54 USS San Juan at San Francisco on October 14, 1944
US Navy Photo, 19-N-90941
CL-54 USS San Juan in 1943 - 1944:
CL-54 USS San Juan in 1943 - 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-50246
CL-54 USS San Juan in the south Pacific on August 30, 1943:
CL-54 USS San Juan in the south Pacific on August 30, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-97818
CL-54 USS San Juan in San Francisco on January 1, 1944:
CL-54 USS San Juan in San Francisco on January 1, 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-97819
CL-95 USS Oakland in San Francisco on August 2, 1943:
CL-95 USS Oakland in San Francisco on August 2, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-98466
CL-96 USS Reno on January 11, 1944:
CL-96 USS Reno on January 11, 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-98466
CL-96 USS Reno in San Francisco on January 25, 1944:
CL-96 USS Reno in San Francisco on January 25, 1944
US Navy Photo, 80-G-215949
CL-96 USS Reno in 1944:
CL-96 USS Reno in 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-98470
CL-97 USS Flint in March 1945:
CL-97 USS Flint in March 1945
US Navy Photo, 80-G-K-3813
CL-97 USS Flint in 1945:
CL-97 USS Flint in 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-98513
CL-98 USS Tucson in the 1940s:
CL-98 USS Tucson in the 1940s
US Navy Photo, NH-98518

Design

The Atlanta class were designed to be anti-aircraft cruisers.1

These are the dates the ships were ordered:

  • April 25, 1939: CL-51 - CL-54
  • September 9, 1940: CL-95 - CL-98
  • August 7, 1942: CL-119 - CL-121. On September 27, 1943, the contract for construction was transferred to Federal at Kearny from Bethlehem at San Francsico.2

The CL-95 - CL-98 ships had no control towers, boats, or cranes.2,3 The bridge was also open.2,3

Armament

  Weight of Shell Maximum Height Elevation
5" L/38 DP Mk 122 55 lb2
24.9 kg2
37,200'2 85°2

The quad mount torpedo tubes were from the Sims class of destroyers.2

Engines

There were two rooms with two boilers each.2

Ships

CL-51 USS Atlanta

  • Manufacturer: Federal1, Federal at Kearny2,3
  • April 22, 1940: Laid down.2,3
  • September 6, 1941: Launched.1,2,3
  • December 24, 1941, 19423: Completed.2,3
  • December 1941: Flagship of Cruiser Division 10 in the Atlantic.2
  • Flagship of Cruiser Division 11 in the Pacific.2
  • June 19422: Midway.1,2 Member of Task Force 16 (TF16) with USS Enterprise and USS Hornet.2
  • Guadalcanal-Tulagi.1,2 Member of Task Force 61.2 (TF61.2).2
  • August 24 - 25, 19422: Eastern Solomons.1,2
  • October 1942: Battle of Santa Cruz.2
  • Guadalcanal battle.1,2
  • November 12 - 13, 1942: Battle of Savo Island.2 Hit by torpedo from IJN Akatsuki and by 19 8" rounds from USS San Francisco.2
  • November 13, 1942: Sunk.1,2,3 Scuttled 3 nautical miles from Guadalcanal.2

CL-52 USS Juneau

  • Manufacturer: Federal1, Federal at Kearny2,3
  • May 27, 1940: Laid down.2,3
  • October 25, 1941: Launched.1,2,3
  • 19423, February 14, 1942: Completed.2,3
  • February 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 10 in the Atlantic.2
  • Blockade of Martinique and Guadaloupe.2 Member of Cruiser Division 8.2
  • August 22, 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 11 in the Pacific.2
  • September 15, 1942: Helped rescue survivors from USS Wasp.2 Member of Task Force 18 (TF18).2
  • Shortland Island raid with USS Hornet. Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).2
  • October 19422: Santa Cruz.1,2
  • Guadalcanal Battle.1
  • November 1942: Member of Task Group 62.4 (TG62.4).2 Escorted convoys from Noumea to Guadalcanal.2
  • November 12 - 13, 1942: Battle of Savo Island.2 Heavily damaged by torpedo from Japanese destroyer.2
  • November 13, 1942: Sunk.1,2,3 While on way back to Guadalcanal was hit by torpedo from I-26.2 Magazine exploded and sank in 20 seconds.2 Only ten of the crew survived.2

CL-53 USS San Diego

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy1,2,3,4
  • May 27, 1940: Laid down.2,3,4
  • July 26, 1941: Launched.1,2,3
  • January 10, 1942: Completed.2,3,4
  • January 1942: Member of Task Force 17 (TF17) at Pearl Harbor.2
  • Escorted convoys from Espirito Santo to Guadalcanal.2
  • October 2, 1942: Was to be member of raid to Shortland Island, but was cancelled.2
  • October 19422: Santa Cruz.1,2
  • Guadalcanal battle.1
  • Bouganville.1,2
  • Munda.2
  • Summer 1943: Member of Task Force 36.3 (TF36.3).2 With USS Saratoga and HMS Victorious.2 Supported landings on New Georgia.2
  • November 1943: Member of Task Force 38 (TF38).2 Raids on Rabaul and Tarawa.2
  • December 1943: Added 40 mm quad mount aft.2
  • December 19432: Gilbert Islands.1,2
  • Kwajalein.1,2 Carrier raid.2 IJN cruisers Isuzu and Nagara damaged.2
  • Refit in San Francisco.2
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.1
  • January 1944: Arrived in Pearl Harbor.2 Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).2
  • Marshall Islands raid.2
  • Eniwetok landings.2
  • Truk raid.1,2
  • Refit in San Francisco.2
  • Marcus Island raid.2
  • May 1944: Wake Island raid.2
  • June 19442: Marianas.1,2 Guam.2 Tinian.2
  • June 1944: Philippine Sea.2
  • Palau.1,2
  • Okinawa raid.2
  • Formosa raid.2
  • October 19442: Leyte Gulf.1,2 Member of Task Group 38 (TG38).2
  • Iwo Jima.1
  • April 1945: Okinawa.2
  • September 1945: First ship to arrive in Tokyo Bay.2

CL-54 USS San Juan

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy1,2,3,4
  • May 15, 1940: Laid down.2,3,4
  • September 6, 1941: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • February 28, 1942: Completed.2,3,4
  • June 1942: Member of Task Force 18 (TF18) in San Diego.2
  • Guadalcanal-Tulagi.1 Escorted convoys from Solomon Islands to Tulagi.2
  • August 4, 1942: Battle of Savo Island.2
  • October 19422: Santa Cruz.1,2 Member of Task Force 61 (TF61).2 Slightly damaged.2 Repairs at Noumea and Sydney, Australia.2
  • December 1942: Refit at Mare Island.2
  • Bouganville.1
  • Gilbert Islands.1
  • Kwajalein.1
  • February 19432: Eniwetok.1,2
  • Palaus.2
  • Yap.2
  • Ulithi.2
  • Supported landings Hollandia.1,2
  • Summer 1943: Raid on Iwo Jima.2
  • December 1943: Added 40 mm quad mount aft.2
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.1
  • Marianas.1
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Sea.2
  • June 1944: Guam.2
  • Iwo Jima raids.2
  • August - November 1944: Refit in San Francisco.2
  • Member of Task Force 38 (TF38).2 Raids on Buna and Buka on Rabaul.2
  • December 1944: South China Sea.2 Formosa raids.2
  • March 1945: Iwo Jima raid.1,2 Okinawa raid.2
  • June 5, 1945: Sustained Typhoon damage.2
  • July 1945: Member of Task Group 38.4 (TG38.4).2 Raids on Japan.2

CL-95 USS Oakland

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco1,2,3,4
  • July 13, 1941: Laid down.2,3,4
  • October 23, 1942: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • July 17, 1942, December 19423: Completed.2,3,4
  • November 1942: Member of Task Group 50.3 (TG50.3) at Pearl Harbor.2 Gilbert Islands.1,2
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.1
  • January 1944: Member of Task Group 58.1 (TG58.1).2 Marshall Island raids.2
  • Kwajalein.1
  • February 19442: Truk raid.1,2
  • March 1944: Bismarck Archipelago.2
  • Palau.2
  • Truk Island.2
  • Wake Island.2
  • Hollandia.1
  • Summer 19442: Marianas.1,2 Member of Task Group 58.1 (TG58.1).2
  • Guam.2
  • Iwo Jima raid.2
  • Chichi Jima raid.2
  • September 1944: Philippines.2 Okinawa raid.2 Member of Task Group 38.2 (TG38.2).2
  • October 24, 1944: Battle of Samar.2 Landings on Leyte.2
  • December 1944 - March 1945: Refit at Mare Island.2
  • March 10, 1945: Arrived at Ulithi.2 Member of Task Group 58.4 (TG58.4).2 Raids on Okinawa and Japan.2
  • Iwo Jima.1
  • April 1945: Four 40 mm Bofors quad mounts, four 40 mm Bofors twin mounts, and eight 20 mm guns in total.2

CL-96 USS Reno

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco1,2,3,4
  • August 1, 1941, August 12, 19413,4: Laid down.2,3,4
  • December 23, 1942: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • December 28, 1943, 19433: Completed.2,3,4
  • May 1944: Marcus Island and Wake Island raids.2 Member of 5th Fleet.2
  • Summer 1944: Raids on Saipan, Pagan, Bonin Islands, Guam, and the Palaus.2
  • Marianas.1
  • Palau.1
  • October 1944: Philippines.2 Member of Task Group 38.3 (TG38.3).2 Raids on Mindanao, Luzon, and Formosa.2 Damaged by aircraft crashing into after turret.2
  • Leyte Gulf.1
  • November 4, 1944: Hit by torpedo from I-41 near Leyte.1,2 Temporary repairs at Ulithi.2 Repairs in United States.2

CL-97 USS Flint

  • Original name: Spokane1,2,3,4
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco1,2,3,4
  • October 23, 1942: Laid down.2,3,4
  • January 25, 1944: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • August 31, 1944: Completed.2,3,4
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.1
  • December 1944: Arrived at Ulithi.2 Member of 3rd Fleet.2
  • January 1945: Member of Task Group 38.3 (TG38.3).2 Supported Luzon landings.2
  • February 1945: Member of Task Group 58.5 (TG58.5).2 Raid on Tokyo.2
  • February - March 19452: Iwo Jima landings.1,2
  • March - June 1945: Kyushu and Okinawa raids.2
  • July - August 1945: Raid on Wake Island.2

CL-98 USS Tucson

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco1,2,3,4
  • December 23, 1942: Laid down.2,3,4
  • September 3, 1944: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • February 3, 1945: Completed.2,3,4
  • 1945: Island raids.1
  • May 1945: Pearl Harbor.2
  • June 16, 1945: Member of Task Force 38 (TF38).2 Leyte.2
  • July - August 1945: Raids on Japan.2

CL-119 USS Juneau

  • Manufacturer: Federal1, Federal at Kearny2,3, Federal S.B. and D.D. Co. at Kearny4
  • September 15, 1944: Laid down.2,3,4
  • July 15, 1945: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • February 15, 1946: Completed.2,3,4

CL-120 USS Spokane

  • Manufacturer: Federal1, Federal at Kearny2,3, Federal S.B. and D.D. Co. at Kearny4
  • November 15, 1944: Laid down.2,3,4
  • September 22, 1945: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • May 17, 1946: Completed.2,3,4

CL-121 USS Fresno

  • Manufacturer: Federal1, Federal at Kearny2,3, Federal S.B. and D.D. Co. at Kearny4
  • February 12, 1945: Laid down.2,3,4
  • March 5, 1945: Launched.1,3,4
  • November 27, 1946: Completed.2,3,4

Specifications

  Atlanta class
Crew 597 - 7004, 6232,3, 8001
Displacement 6,000 tons1,4, 6,718 tons2,3
Displacement - Loaded 7,500 tons4, 8,340 tons2,3
Physical Characteristics  
Length 541'4, 541' 6"1,2,3
165.05 m2,3
Length - Waterline 530'1,2,3
161.55 m2,3
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 52' 10"4, 53' 2"2,3, 53' 3"1
16.21 m2,3
Draft / Height 14' 9"4, 16' 6"1, 20' 6"2,3
6.25 m2,3
Performance  
Speed 32 knots1, 32.5 knots2,3, 35 knots4
Range at 15 knots 8,500 nautical miles2,3
Armament 5" L/38 twin mounts3, 5" L/38 DP4, 5" L/38 DP Mk 12 twin mounts2: 82,3, 124
Anti-Aircraft 1.1" quad mounts2,3: 42,3
40 mm twin mounts3: 83
40 mm4: 28 - 324
20 mm3,4: 83, 12 - 164
Torpedo Tubes 21"2,3: 2 mounts 4 tubes each2,3
Armament (CL-51 - CL-54) 5"4, 5" DP1: 161,4
Anti-Aircraft (CL-51 - CL-54) 40 mm1,4: 101, 244
20 mm4: 84
Torpedo Tubes (CL-51 - CL-54) 21"1,4: 81,4
Armament (CL-95 - CL-98) 5" DP1: 121
Anti-Aircraft (CL-95 - CL-98) 40 mm1: 161
40 mm Bofors twin mounts2: 82
20 mm2: 162
Torpedo Tubes (CL-95 - CL-98) 21"1: 81
Armament (CL-119 - CL-121) 5" DP1: 121
Anti-Aircraft (CL-119 - CL-121) 40 mm1: 241
40 mm Bofors quad mounts2,3: 43, 62
40 mm Bofors twin mounts2,3: 62,3
20 mm2: 202
Aircraft None1,2
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main 3.5"4, 3.75"2,3
Control Tower 2.5"2
Deck 1.25"2,3, 2"4
Turrets 1.25"2,3
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 42,3
Shafts 21,2,3,4
Turbines Geared1,4, Westinghouse geared2,3
HP 75,0001,2,3,4
Oil 1,360 tons2,3

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site