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United States' Atlanta Class Cruisers

Photos

CL-51 USS Atlanta in 1941:
CL-51 USS Atlanta in 1941
US Navy Photo, NH-57453
CL-52 USS Juneau in New York Harbor on February 11, 1942:
CL-52 USS Juneau in New York Harbor on February 11, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28144
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching:
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28147
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching:
CL-52 USS Juneau at launching
US Navy Photo, 19-N-28149
CL-53 USS San Diego in Boston Harbor on January 10, 1942:
CL-53 USS San Diego in Boston Harbor on January 10, 1942
US Navy Photo, 19-N-27236
CL-53 USS San Diego at San Francisco on January 1, 1944:
CL-53 USS San Diego at San Francisco on January 1, 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-97826
CL-53 USS San Diego at Mare Island on April 9, 1944:
CL-53 USS San Diego at Mare Island on April 9, 1944
US Navy Photo, 19-N-64799
CL-54 USS San Juan at New Caledonia on August 3, 1942:
CL-54 USS San Juan at New Caledonia on August 3, 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-K-555

CL-54 USS San Juan at San Francisco on October 14, 1944:
CL-54 USS San Juan at San Francisco on October 14, 1944
US Navy Photo, 19-N-90941
CL-54 USS San Juan in 1943 - 1944:
CL-54 USS San Juan in 1943 - 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-50246
CL-54 USS San Juan in the south Pacific on August 30, 1943:
CL-54 USS San Juan in the south Pacific on August 30, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-97818
CL-54 USS San Juan in San Francisco on January 1, 1944:
CL-54 USS San Juan in San Francisco on January 1, 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-97819
CL-95 USS Oakland in San Francisco on August 2, 1943:
CL-95 USS Oakland in San Francisco on August 2, 1943
US Navy Photo, NH-98466
CL-96 USS Reno on January 11, 1944:
CL-96 USS Reno on January 11, 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-98466
CL-96 USS Reno in San Francisco on January 25, 1944:
CL-96 USS Reno in San Francisco on January 25, 1944
US Navy Photo, 80-G-215949
CL-96 USS Reno in 1944:
CL-96 USS Reno in 1944
US Navy Photo, NH-98470
CL-97 USS Flint in March 1945:
CL-97 USS Flint in March 1945
US Navy Photo, 80-G-K-3813
CL-97 USS Flint in 1945:
CL-97 USS Flint in 1945
US Navy Photo, NH-98513
CL-98 USS Tucson in the 1940s:
CL-98 USS Tucson in the 1940s
US Navy Photo, NH-98518

Design

The Atlanta class were designed to be anti-aircraft cruisers.

These are the dates the ships were ordered:

  • April 25, 1939: CL-51 - CL-54
  • September 9, 1940: CL-95 - CL-98
  • August 7, 1942: CL-119 - CL-121. On September 27, 1943, the contract for construction was transferred to Federal at Kearny from Bethlehem at San Francsico.

The CL-95 - CL-98 ships had no control towers, boats, or cranes. The bridge was also open.

Armament

  Weight of Shell Maximum Height Elevation
5" L/38 DP Mk 12 55 lb
24.9 kg
37,200' 85°

The quad mount torpedo tubes were from the Sims class of destroyers.

Engines

There were two rooms with two boilers each.

Ships

CL-51 USS Atlanta

  • Manufacturer: Federal, Federal at Kearny
  • April 22, 1940: Laid down.
  • September 6, 1941: Launched.
  • December 24, 1941, 1942: Completed.
  • December 1941: Flagship of Cruiser Division 10 in the Atlantic.
  • Flagship of Cruiser Division 11 in the Pacific.
  • June 1942: Midway. Member of Task Force 16 (TF16) with USS Enterprise and USS Hornet.
  • Guadalcanal-Tulagi. Member of Task Force 61.2 (TF61.2).
  • August 24 - 25, 1942: Eastern Solomons.
  • October 1942: Battle of Santa Cruz.
  • Guadalcanal battle.
  • November 12 - 13, 1942: Battle of Savo Island. Hit by torpedo from IJN Akatsuki and by 19 8" rounds from USS San Francisco.
  • November 13, 1942: Sunk. Scuttled 3 nautical miles from Guadalcanal.

CL-52 USS Juneau

  • Manufacturer: Federal, Federal at Kearny
  • May 27, 1940: Laid down.
  • October 25, 1941: Launched.
  • 1942, February 14, 1942: Completed.
  • February 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 10 in the Atlantic.
  • Blockade of Martinique and Guadaloupe. Member of Cruiser Division 8.
  • August 22, 1942: Member of Cruiser Division 11 in the Pacific.
  • September 15, 1942: Helped rescue survivors from USS Wasp. Member of Task Force 18 (TF18).
  • Shortland Island raid with USS Hornet. Member of Task Force 17 (TF17).
  • October 1942: Santa Cruz.
  • Guadalcanal Battle.
  • November 1942: Member of Task Group 62.4 (TG62.4). Escorted convoys from Noumea to Guadalcanal.
  • November 12 - 13, 1942: Battle of Savo Island. Heavily damaged by torpedo from Japanese destroyer.
  • November 13, 1942: Sunk. While on way back to Guadalcanal was hit by torpedo from I-26. Magazine exploded and sank in 20 seconds. Only ten of the crew survived.

CL-53 USS San Diego

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • May 27, 1940: Laid down.
  • July 26, 1941: Launched.
  • January 10, 1942: Completed.
  • January 1942: Member of Task Force 17 (TF17) at Pearl Harbor.
  • Escorted convoys from Espirito Santo to Guadalcanal.
  • October 2, 1942: Was to be member of raid to Shortland Island, but was cancelled.
  • October 1942: Santa Cruz.
  • Guadalcanal battle.
  • Bouganville.
  • Munda.
  • Summer 1943: Member of Task Force 36.3 (TF36.3). With USS Saratoga and HMS Victorious. Supported landings on New Georgia.
  • November 1943: Member of Task Force 38 (TF38). Raids on Rabaul and Tarawa.
  • December 1943: Added 40 mm quad mount aft.
  • December 1943: Gilbert Islands.
  • Kwajalein. Carrier raid. IJN cruisers Isuzu and Nagara damaged.
  • Refit in San Francisco.
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.
  • January 1944: Arrived in Pearl Harbor. Member of Task Force 58 (TF58).
  • Marshall Islands raid.
  • Eniwetok landings.
  • Truk raid.
  • Refit in San Francisco.
  • Marcus Island raid.
  • May 1944: Wake Island raid.
  • June 1944: Marianas. Guam. Tinian.
  • June 1944: Philippine Sea.
  • Palau.
  • Okinawa raid.
  • Formosa raid.
  • October 1944: Leyte Gulf. Member of Task Group 38 (TG38).
  • Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Okinawa.
  • September 1945: First ship to arrive in Tokyo Bay.

CL-54 USS San Juan

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at Quincy
  • May 15, 1940: Laid down.
  • September 6, 1941: Launched.
  • February 28, 1942: Completed.
  • June 1942: Member of Task Force 18 (TF18) in San Diego.
  • Guadalcanal-Tulagi. Escorted convoys from Solomon Islands to Tulagi.
  • August 4, 1942: Battle of Savo Island.
  • October 1942: Santa Cruz. Member of Task Force 61 (TF61). Slightly damaged. Repairs at Noumea and Sydney, Australia.
  • December 1942: Refit at Mare Island.
  • Bouganville.
  • Gilbert Islands.
  • Kwajalein.
  • February 1943: Eniwetok.
  • Palaus.
  • Yap.
  • Ulithi.
  • Supported landings Hollandia.
  • Summer 1943: Raid on Iwo Jima.
  • December 1943: Added 40 mm quad mount aft.
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.
  • Marianas.
  • June 1944: Battle of Philippine Sea.
  • June 1944: Guam.
  • Iwo Jima raids.
  • August - November 1944: Refit in San Francisco.
  • Member of Task Force 38 (TF38). Raids on Buna and Buka on Rabaul.
  • December 1944: South China Sea. Formosa raids.
  • March 1945: Iwo Jima raid. Okinawa raid.
  • June 5, 1945: Sustained Typhoon damage.
  • July 1945: Member of Task Group 38.4 (TG38.4). Raids on Japan.

CL-95 USS Oakland

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco
  • July 13, 1941: Laid down.
  • October 23, 1942: Launched.
  • July 17, 1942, December 1942: Completed.
  • November 1942: Member of Task Group 50.3 (TG50.3) at Pearl Harbor. Gilbert Islands.
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.
  • January 1944: Member of Task Group 58.1 (TG58.1). Marshall Island raids.
  • Kwajalein.
  • February 1944: Truk raid.
  • March 1944: Bismarck Archipelago.
  • Palau.
  • Truk Island.
  • Wake Island.
  • Hollandia.
  • Summer 1944: Marianas. Member of Task Group 58.1 (TG58.1).
  • Guam.
  • Iwo Jima raid.
  • Chichi Jima raid.
  • September 1944: Philippines. Okinawa raid. Member of Task Group 38.2 (TG38.2).
  • October 24, 1944: Battle of Samar. Landings on Leyte.
  • December 1944 - March 1945: Refit at Mare Island.
  • March 10, 1945: Arrived at Ulithi. Member of Task Group 58.4 (TG58.4). Raids on Okinawa and Japan.
  • Iwo Jima.
  • April 1945: Four 40 mm Bofors quad mounts, four 40 mm Bofors twin mounts, and eight 20 mm guns in total.

CL-96 USS Reno

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco
  • August 1, 1941, August 12, 1941: Laid down.
  • December 23, 1942: Launched.
  • December 28, 1943, 1943: Completed.
  • May 1944: Marcus Island and Wake Island raids. Member of 5th Fleet.
  • Summer 1944: Raids on Saipan, Pagan, Bonin Islands, Guam, and the Palaus.
  • Marianas.
  • Palau.
  • October 1944: Philippines. Member of Task Group 38.3 (TG38.3). Raids on Mindanao, Luzon, and Formosa. Damaged by aircraft crashing into after turret.
  • Leyte Gulf.
  • November 4, 1944: Hit by torpedo from I-41 near Leyte. Temporary repairs at Ulithi. Repairs in United States.

CL-97 USS Flint

  • Original name: Spokane
  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco
  • October 23, 1942: Laid down.
  • January 25, 1944: Launched.
  • August 31, 1944: Completed.
  • 1944 - 1945: Island raids.
  • December 1944: Arrived at Ulithi. Member of 3rd Fleet.
  • January 1945: Member of Task Group 38.3 (TG38.3). Supported Luzon landings.
  • February 1945: Member of Task Group 58.5 (TG58.5). Raid on Tokyo.
  • February - March 1945: Iwo Jima landings.
  • March - June 1945: Kyushu and Okinawa raids.
  • July - August 1945: Raid on Wake Island.

CL-98 USS Tucson

  • Manufacturer: Bethlehem at San Francisco
  • December 23, 1942: Laid down.
  • September 3, 1944: Launched.
  • February 3, 1945: Completed.
  • 1945: Island raids.
  • May 1945: Pearl Harbor.
  • June 16, 1945: Member of Task Force 38 (TF38). Leyte.
  • July - August 1945: Raids on Japan.

CL-119 USS Juneau

  • Manufacturer: Federal, Federal at Kearny, Federal S.B. and D.D. Co. at Kearny
  • September 15, 1944: Laid down.
  • July 15, 1945: Launched.
  • February 15, 1946: Completed.

CL-120 USS Spokane

  • Manufacturer: Federal, Federal at Kearny, Federal S.B. and D.D. Co. at Kearny
  • November 15, 1944: Laid down.
  • September 22, 1945: Launched.
  • May 17, 1946: Completed.

CL-121 USS Fresno

  • Manufacturer: Federal, Federal at Kearny, Federal S.B. and D.D. Co. at Kearny
  • February 12, 1945: Laid down.
  • March 5, 1945: Launched.
  • November 27, 1946: Completed.

Specifications

  Atlanta class
Crew 597 - 700, 623, 800
Displacement 6,000 tons, 6,718 tons
Displacement - Loaded 7,500 tons, 8,340 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 541', 541' 6"
165.05 m
Length - Waterline 530'
161.55 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 52' 10", 53' 2", 53' 3"
16.21 m
Draft / Height 14' 9", 16' 6", 20' 6"
6.25 m
Performance  
Speed 32 knots, 32.5 knots, 35 knots
Range at 15 knots 8,500 nautical miles
Armament 5" L/38 twin mounts, 5" L/38 DP, 5" L/38 DP Mk 12 twin mounts: 8, 12
Anti-Aircraft 1.1" quad mounts: 4
40 mm twin mounts: 8
40 mm: 28 - 32
20 mm: 8, 12 - 16
Torpedo Tubes 21": 2 mounts 4 tubes each
Armament (CL-51 - CL-54) 5", 5" DP: 16
Anti-Aircraft (CL-51 - CL-54) 40 mm: 10, 24
20 mm: 8
Torpedo Tubes (CL-51 - CL-54) 21": 8
Armament (CL-95 - CL-98) 5" DP: 12
Anti-Aircraft (CL-95 - CL-98) 40 mm: 16
40 mm Bofors twin mounts: 8
20 mm: 16
Torpedo Tubes (CL-95 - CL-98) 21": 8
Armament (CL-119 - CL-121) 5" DP: 12
Anti-Aircraft (CL-119 - CL-121) 40 mm: 24
40 mm Bofors quad mounts: 4, 6
40 mm Bofors twin mounts: 6
20 mm: 20
Aircraft None
Armor  
Barbettes  
Belt - Main 3.5", 3.75"
Control Tower 2.5"
Deck 1.25", 2"
Turrets 1.25"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 4
Shafts 2
Turbines Geared, Westinghouse geared
HP 75,000
Oil 1,360 tons

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  3. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site