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United States' Wyoming Class Battleships

Photos

Battleships BB-33 USS Arkansas (left) and BB-35 USS Texas going through the Gatun Locks in the Panama Canal, July 25, 1919:
United States' Battleships BB-33 USS Arkansas (left) and BB-35 USS Texas going through the Gatun Locks in the Panama Canal, July 25, 1919
US Naval Historical Center, NH-57682-01
BB-33 USS Arkansas Battleship in the 1920s:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas Battleship in the 1920s
US Naval Historical Center, NH-64508-01
BB-33 USS Arkansas Battleship in the late 1920s or early 1930s after modernization:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas Battleship in the late 1920s or early 1930s after modernization
US Naval Historical Center, NH-61322-01
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in New York, September 23, 1942:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in New York, September 23, 1942
Bureau of Ships 19-N-35097
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in Portland, Maine, February 1942:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in Portland, Maine, February 1942
US Navy Photo, 80-G-464618
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship off the east coast, April 11, 1944:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship off the east coast, April 11, 1944
US Navy Photo, 80-G-229753
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship firing on Omaha Beach, June 6, 1944:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship firing on Omaha Beach, June 6, 1944
US Navy Photo, 80-G-231250
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in Boston, November 5, 1944:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in Boston, November 5, 1944
Bureau of Ships , 19-N-74310
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in Boston, November 5, 1944:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in Boston, November 5, 1944
Bureau of Ships , 19-N-77075
BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in San Pedro, January 1, 1945:
United States' BB-33 USS Arkansas battleship in San Pedro, January 1, 1945
Bureau of Ships , 19-N-77075

Design

On March 3, 1909, Congress authorized the building of the USS Wyoming and USS Arkansas.

Aircraft

There was one catapult on the USS Arkansas.

After the 1927 modernization three Vought UO-1 or Loening UL-6 floatplanes were used. In the late 1920s and early 1930s Vought O2U or O3U Corsairs were used. In 1940 the USS Arkansas had Curtiss SON1 Seagulls. In November 1940 Vought OS2U Kingfishers were used.

Main Armament

The six turrets were center lined.

The 12" Mk 7 could fire a 870 lb shell to 23,500 yards.

Washington Treaty

As a resulted of the Washington Treaty the Wyoming was demilitarized and made into an anti-aircraft trainer. Side armor was removed and turrets Nos. 3, 4, and 5 were made fixed.

Ships

BB-32 USS Wyoming

  • March 3, 1909: Congress authorizes building.
  • October 14, 1909: Contract for construction signed.
  • 1926 - 1927: Modernized. Converted to oil. One funnel removed. Cage type mainmast replaced tripod. Catapult added to No. 3 turret.
  • 1931: Converted to training ship. Became AG-17.
  • November 1941 - 1947: Gunnery ship. Helped train gunners for the United States Navy.

BB-33 USS Arkansas

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding.
  • March 3, 1909: Congress authorizes building.
  • September 25, 1909: Contract for construction signed.
  • January 14, 1911: Launched.
  • September 17, 1912: Commissioned.
  • October 14, 1912: Participated in Presidential Naval Review that inspected progress on the Panama Canal.
  • June 2, 1913: Joined Atlantic Fleet.
  • October - December 15, 1913: Meditteranean.
  • April 22, 1914: Landing and occupation of Vera Cruz during Mexico crisis.
  • September 1914: Left Mexican waters.
  • April 23 - June 25, 1915: At New York Navy Yard for a refit.
  • July 28, 1918: Replaced USS Delaware with the British Grand Fleet's 6th Squadron.
  • December 26, 1918: Returned to New York.
  • Overhaul at Norfolk Navy Yard.
  • Picked up United States representatives from the Paris Peace Conference and returned them home.
  • July 19, 1919: Joined Pacific Fleet.
  • September 19, 1919 - May 1920: Major refit.
  • Summer 1921: Joined Atlantic Fleet as flagship of the Battle Force.
  • 1923: Went to Europe.
  • 1925 - 1927, 1926 - 1927: Modernized. Converted to oil. One funnel removed. Cage type mainmast replaced by tripod. Catapult added to No. 3 turret.
  • September 1, 1925 - November 21, 1926: Philadelphia Navy Yard for modernization.
  • 1930: Went to Europe.
  • 1931: Went to Europe.
  • October 1931 - January 1932: Joined Pacific Fleet as flagship of the Training Force.
  • 1934: Joined Atlantic Fleet as flagship of the Training Squadron, Scouting Force.
  • October 1938: Joined Battleship Division 5.
  • 1941: With Atlantic Fleet.
  • Member of Neutrality Patrol.
  • Convoyed troops to Iceland.
  • December 1941 - June 1944: Escorted convoys to Britain, North Africa, and Ireland.
  • March 6 - July 26, 1942, 1942: Refitted at Norfolk Navy Yard. Cage type mast replaced by tripod. Four 1.1" quad mounts, two 3" guns, and 20 20 mm guns added.
  • September 1942: Two 1.1" quads added.
  • April - May 1943: 40 mm quads replaced the 1.1".
  • May 1944: Two 20 mm Mk 15 quads added.
  • June 6, 1944: Normandy. Omaha Beach.
  • June 25, 1944: Cherbourg.
  • August 15 - 17, 1944: Southern France.
  • September 15 - November 7, 1944: At Boston refitted. Bridge altered and tripod cut down. Radar added. Two 3" guns and a 40 mm quad was added.
  • January 20, 1945: Sailed for Pacific.
  • February 16 - March 7, 1945: Iwo Jima.
  • March 25 - May 10, 1945: Okinawa.
  • October 15, 1945: Arrived in Seattle.
  • October - December 1945: Ferried servicemen home from Pacific.

Usage

World War I

Two forward, one aft, and one 5" gun on the forward superstructure were found to be of no use and were removed with the casements being plated in.

World War II

Primarily used for convoy escort up until being used to bombard Omaha Beach on June 6, 1944. Used for various bombardment duties from southern France to Iwo Jima and Okinawa.

Specifications

  Wyoming class
Crew 1,063
Displacement 26,000 tons
Displacement - Loaded 27,243 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 562'
171.3 m
Length - Waterline 554'
168.9 m
Beam 93' 2"
28.4 m
Draft / Height 28' 7"
8.7 m
Draft / Height - Full Load  
Performance  
Speed 20.5 knots
Range at 10 knots 6,860 nautical miles
Armament 12" Mk 7 twin mounts: 6
5" QF Mk 7: 21
Anti-Aircraft 3": 8
Aircraft 0
Torpedo Tubes 21": 2 submerged
Armor  
Barbettes 11"
Deck 3"
Lower Casements 11"
Main Belt 11"
Turrets 12"
Upper Casements 6.5"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 12
Shafts 4
Turbines Parsons
HP 28,000
Coal 1,800 tons
Oil 305 tons
  Wyoming class 1927
Crew  
Displacement 27,900 tons
Displacement - Loaded 29,000 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Beam 106'
32.29 m
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Full Load  
Performance  
Speed  
Range at 10 knots  
Armament 12" twin mounts: 6
5": 16
Anti-Aircraft  
Aircraft 3
Torpedo Tubes None
Armor  
Engine Rooms +4.25"
Fire Rooms +3"
Magazines +3.6"
Steering +1.75"
Turret +1.75"
Engines  
Boilers White-Forster: 4
Shafts 4
Turbines Parsons
HP  
Oil 3,786 tons
  USS Arkansas
Crew 1,242
Displacement 26,066 tons, 26,100 tons
Displacement - Loaded 30,610 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 562'
171.29 m
Length - Waterline 554', 555' 6"
168.86 m
Beam 106', 106' 9"
32.3 m
Draft / Height 26'
Draft / Height - Full Load 29' 11.75"
9.13 m
Performance  
Speed 21 knots
Range  
Armament 12" twin mounts: 6
12" L/50: 12
5": 16
5" L/51: 16
Armament - 1945 5" L/51: 6
Anti-Aircraft 3": 8
3" L/50: 8
Anti-Aircraft - 1945 3" L/50: 10
40 mm: 36
Aircraft 3
Aircraft - November 1940 OS2U Kingfisher: 3
Armor  
Belt 11"
Turrets 12"
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts 4
Turbines Geared
HP 28,000

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  5. Battleships of World War Two an International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site