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United States' New York / Texas Class Battleships

Photos

BB-34 USS New York battleship commissioning, April 15, 1914:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship commissioning, April 15, 1914
US Naval Historical Center NH-83711
BB-34 USS New York battleship, May 29, 1915:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship, May 29, 1915
Bureau of Ships 19-N-13046
BB-34 USS New York battleship Hampton Roads, Virginia, December 10, 1916:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship Hampton Roads, Virginia, December 10, 1916
US Naval Historical Center NH-45138
BB-34 USS New York battleship being toured by (left to right) Admiral Beaty, Admiral Rodman, King George V, Prince of Wales, Admiral Sims, November 1918:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship being toured by (left to right) Admiral Beaty, Admiral Rodman, King George V, Prince of Wales, Admiral Sims, November 1918
Imperial War Museum Q-73644
BB-34 USS New York battleship at Hampton Roads, Virginia, October 17, 1929:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship at Hampton Roads, Virgina, October 17, 1929
US Naval Historical Center NH-64510
BB-34 USS New York, BB-36 USS Nevada, BB-37 USS Oklahoma, and CV-1 Langley during 1932 maneuvers:
United States' BB-34 USS New York, BB-36 USS Nevada, BB-37 USS Oklahoma, and CV-1 Langley during 1932 maneuvers
US Naval Historical Center NH-48138
BB-34 USS New York battleship with XAF radar antenna in late 1938 or early 1939:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship with XAF radar antenna in late 1938 or early 1939
US Naval Historical Center NH-77350
BB-34 USS New York battleship with XAF radar transmitter and receiver:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship with XAF radar transmitter and receiver
US Naval Historical Center NH-77350
BB-34 USS New York battleship after Battle of Casablanca, November 10, 1942:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship after Battle of Casablanca, November 10, 1942
US Navy photo 80-G-31582

BB-34 USS New York battleship off Iwo Jima, February 16, 1945:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship off Iwo Jima, February 16, 1945
US Navy photo 80-G-308952
BB-34 USS New York battleship on convoy escort duty, March 1943:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship after Battle of Casablanca, November 10, 1942
US Navy photo 80-G-65893

BB-34 USS New York battleship in New York, October 19, 1945:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship in New York, October 19, 1945
US Navy photo 80-G-K-14562
BB-34 USS New York battleship sometime in 1945 - 1946:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship sometime in 1945 - 1946
US Naval Historical Center NH-63525

BB-34 USS New York battleship 1945:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship 1945
US Navy photo NH-104833
BB-34 USS New York battleship in New York harbor, circa 1945 - 1946:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship in New York harbor, circa 1945 - 1946
US Naval Historical Center NH-105564
BB-34 USS New York battleship aft guns:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship aft guns
Imperial War Museum Q-18585

BB-34 USS New York battleship:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship
Imperial War Museum Q-23343
BB-34 USS New York battleship after reconstruction:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship after reconstruction
Imperial War Museum Q-68889

BB-34 USS New York battleship:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship
Imperial War Museum Q-23351
BB-34 USS New York battleship:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship
Imperial War Museum Q-18581
BB-34 USS New York battleship:
United States' BB-34 USS New York battleship
Imperial War Museum Q-18586
BB-35 USS Texas battleship in New York City, 1919:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship in New York City, 1919
US Naval Historical Center NH-61243
BB-35 USS Texas battleship firing its main battery, February 1928:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship firing its main battery, February 1928
US Naval Historical Center NH-2792
BB-35 USS Texas battleship in the Gatun Locks, Panama Canal, June 21, 1937:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship in the Gatun Locks, Panama Canal, June 21, 1937
US Naval Historical Center NH-2792
BB-35 USS Texas battleship on Navy Day, October 27, 1940:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship on Navy Day, October 27, 1940
US Navy photo 80-G-464121

BB-35 USS Texas battleship being fired on by German artillery off Cherbourg, France, June 25, 1944:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship being fired on by German artillery off Charbourg, France, June 25, 1944
US Navy photo 80-G-244210
BB-35 USS Texas battleship on Atlantic convoy escort duty, summer 1941:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship on Atlantic convoy escort duty, summer 1941
US Navy photo 80-G-K-387

BB-35 USS Texas battleship recovering OS2U Kingfisher during pre-invasion bombardment of Iwo Jima, February 16, 1945:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship recovering OS2U Kingfisher during pre-invasion bombardment of Iwo Jima, February 16, 1945
US Navy photo 80-G-309140
BB-35 USS Texas battleship at Norfolk, Virginia, March 15, 1943:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship at Norfolk, Virginia, March 15, 1943
US Navy photo 80-G-63542

BB-35 USS Texas battleship off Iwo Jima, February 1945:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship off Iwo Jima, February 1945
US Navy photo 80-G-303866
BB-35 USS Texas battleship after standardization, October 23, 1943:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship after standardization, October 23, 1943
US Naval Historical Center NH-61713

BB-35 USS Texas battleship leaving Hawaiin waters, January 6, 1945:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship leaving Hawain waters, January 6, 1945
US Navy photo 80-G-277035
BB-35 USS Texas battleship:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship
Imperial War Museum A-8058
BB-35 USS Texas battleship:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship
Imperial War Museum Q-68893
BB-35 USS Texas battleship during standardization trials:
United States' BB-35 USS Texas battleship during standardization trials
Imperial War Museum A-68466

Design

The Texas class design improved upon the Arkansas class.1

The decks were flush until 1941.1

Aircraft

The Texas class has a single catapult.1,3

Seaworthiness

After refits in 1925 - 1927 the ships became slower and were harder to handle in bad weather.1

Ships

BB-34 USS New York

  • Manufacturer: New York Navy Yard1,3
  • October 30, 1912: Launched.1,2,3
  • April 15, 1914: Commissioned.3
  • 1925 - 1927: Rebuilt.1 Converted to oil.1 Removed one funnel.1 Both cage masts were converted to tripods.1
  • 1941: North Atlantic.1
  • North Africa.1
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.1
  • April 1945: Okinawa.1

BB-35 USS Texas

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1, Newport News Shipbuilding3
  • May 18, 1912: Launched.1,2,3
  • March 12, 1914: Commissioned.3
  • 1925 - 1927: Rebuilt.1 Converted to oil.1 Removed one funnel.1 Both cage masts were converted to tripods.1
  • 1941: North Atlantic.1
  • North Africa.
  • June 1944: Normandy.1
  • Southern France.1
  • February 1945: Iwo Jima.1
  • April 1945: Okinawa.1

Specifications

  New York class, Texas Class
Crew 1,0423, 1,2902, 1,5301
Displacement 27,000 tons1,2,3
Displacement - Loaded 28,367 tons3, 31,924 tons2
Physical Characteristics  
Length 573'1,2,3
174.65 m2, 174.7 m3
Length - Waterline 563'1, 565'2,3
172.21 m2, 172.3 m3
Beam 95' "3, 106'1,2
29.1 m3, 32.3 m2
Draft / Height 26'1, 28' 6"3
8.7 m3
Draft / Height - Full Load 30' 2"2
9.19 m2
Performance  
Speed 21 knots2,3
Range at 10 knots 7,060 nautical miles3
Armament 14" L/50 twin mounts: 5 2
14" twin mounts: 51,3
5": 161, 213
5" L/50: 162
Anti-Aircraft 3": 81
3" L/50: 82
Torpedo Tubes 21": 43
Aircraft 03, 31
Armor  
Belt 12"1,3
Casements 6.5 - 11"3
Deck 2"3
Turrets 14"1,3
Engines  
Boilers 62
Babcock & Wilcox: 143
Shafts 42
Turbines Parsons2
HP 28,1002,3
Coal 1,900 tons3
Oil 267 tons3
  New York class
Crew  
Displacement 28,700 tons3
Displacement - Loaded 30,000 tons3
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Waterline  
Beam 106'3
32.29 m3
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Full Load  
Performance  
Speed 19.73
Range at 10 knots 15,000 nautical miles3
Armament 14" twin mounts: 53
5": 163
Anti-Aircraft 3": 83
Aircraft 33
Armor  
Magazines +3.5"3
Turrets +1.75"3
Engines  
Boilers Bureau Express: 63
Shafts 23
Turbines  
HP 28,1003
Oil 2,810 tons3

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Battleships of World War Two an International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site