World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
United States' flag

United States' Colorado /California Class Battleships

Photos

BB-45 USS Colorado in heavy seas in the 1920s:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado in heavy seas in the 1920s
US Naval Historical Center, NH-64514
BB-43 USS Colorado's Chief's Quarters in 1923:
United States' BB-43 USS Colorado's Chief's Quarters in 1923
US Naval Historical Center, NH-90493
BB-43 USS Colorado during trials in 1923:
United States' BB-43 USS Colorado during trials in 1923
US Naval Historical Center, NH-55274
BB-43 USS Colorado on May 2, 1927:
United States' BB-43 USS Colorado on May 2, 1927
US Naval Historical Center, NH-55272
BB-45 USS Colorado in Hawaii in the 1930s:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado in Hawaii in the 1930s
US Naval Historical Center, NH-64516
BB-45 USS Colorado in the 1930s:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado in the 1930s
US Naval Historical Center, NH-55275
BB-45 USS Colorado in Bremerton, Washington on February 9, 1942:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado in Bremerton, Washington on February 9, 1942
US National Archives, 19-N-28260

BB-45 USS Colorado bombarding Okinawa on March 29, 1945:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado bombarding Okinawa on March 29, 1945
US Navy, 80-G-316831
BB-45 USS Colorado's signal bridge on October 29, 1943:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado's signal bridge on October 29, 1943
US Navy, 80-G-56292

BB-45 USS Colorado in San Francisco on October 15, 1945:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado in San Francisco on October 15, 1945
US Naval Historical Center, NH-66442
BB-45 USS Colorado bombarding Tarawa on November 20, 1943:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado bombarding Tarawa on November 20, 1943
US Navy, 80-G-56232
BB-45 USS Colorado practice firing:
United States' BB-45 USS Colorado practice firing
US Navy, 80-G-K-13670
BB-46 USS Maryland during speed trials in 1921:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland during speed trials in 1921
US Naval Historical Center, NH-46416
BB-46 USS Maryland having a pie eating contest in August 1922:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland having a pie eating contest in August 1922
US Naval Historical Center, NH-76520
BB-46 USS Maryland with Secretary of State Hughes and Admiral Jones in August 1922:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland with Secretary of State Hughes and Admiral Jones in August 1922
US Naval Historical Center, NH-52784
BB-46 USS Maryland in the Panama Canal:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland in the Panama Canal
US Naval Historical Center, NH-73833
BB-46 USS Maryland leading ten battleships:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland leading ten battleships
US Naval Historical Center, NH-50260
BB-46 USS Maryland in the Panama Canal on April 24, 1931:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland in the Panama Canal on April 24, 1931
US Naval Historical Center, NH-76520
BB-46 USS Maryland on December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland on December 7, 1941 at Pearl Harbor
US Navy, 80-G-19949

BB-46 USS Maryland during speed trials in Puget Sound, Washington on April 26, 1944:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland during speed trials in Puget Sound, Washington on April 26, 1944
US National Archives, 19-N-65057
BB-46 USS Maryland in Bremerton, Washington on February 9, 1942:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland in Bremerton, Washington on February 9, 1942
US National Archives, 19-N-63820

BB-46 USS Maryland hit by a kamikaze on November 29, 1944:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland hit by a kamikaze on November 29, 1944
US Navy, 80-G-270627
BB-46 USS Maryland bombarding Tarawa on November 20, 1943:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland bombarding Tarawa on November 20, 1943
US Navy, 80-G-54398

BB-46 USS Maryland in Bremerton, Washington:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland in Bremerton, Washington
US National Archives, 19-N-86952
BB-46 USS Maryland near Puget Sound Navy Yard on April 25, 1944:
United States' BB-46 USS Maryland near Puget Sound Navy Yard on April 25, 1944
US National Archives, 19-N-63820
BB-48 USS West Virginia in May 1926:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia in May 1926
US Naval Historical Center, NH-46415
BB-48 USS West Virginia in San Francisco Bay in 1934:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia in San Francisco Bay in 1934
US Navy, 80-G-1027204
BB-48 USS West Virginia en route to Bremerton, Washington:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia en route to Bremerton, Washington
US Navy, 80-G-K-571

BB-48 USS West Virginia with converted mountaineers in October 1944:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia with converted mountaineers in October 1944
US Naval Historical Center, NH-89343
BB-48 USS West Virginia in Puget Sound Navy Yard on February, 7, 1944:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia in Puget Sound Navy Yard on February, 7, 1944
US National Archives, 19-N-68374

BB-48 USS West Virginia crossing the equator in October 1944:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia crossing the equator in October 1944
US Naval Historical Center, NH-89341
BB-48 USS West Virginia in Puget Sound Navy Yard on February, 7, 1944:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia in Puget Sound Navy Yard on February, 7, 1944
US National Archives, 19-N-68375

BB-48 USS West Virginia in dry dock at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia in drydock at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides
US Navy, 80-G-314220
BB-48 USS West Virginia in Puget Sound Navy Yard on February, 7, 1944:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia in Puget Sound Navy Yard on February, 7, 1944
US National Archives, 19-N-68376

BB-48 USS West Virginia at Sagami Wan, Japan with Mt. Fuji in the background:
United States' BB-48 USS West Virginia at Sagami Wan, Japan with Mt. Fuji in the background
US Naval Historical Center, NH-89362

Design

The Colorado class were nearly identical in layout to the Tennessee class except having 16" guns instead of 14".4

Aircraft

The Colorado class had one3 / two catapults.1

The USS Maryland was the first ship to have a compressed air catapult installed as an experiment.4 Initially a Vought VE-9H was used.4 In September 1924 it was replaced by three UO-1 floatplanes.4

The USS Colorado had a powder type catapult installed on a turntable in 1927.4 The UO-1 floatplane was used.4 One catapult was installed on the quarterdeck and one on the No. 3 turret.4

In the 1930s the floatplanes were the Vought O2U or O3U Corsairs.4 In 1937 these were replaced by by Curtiss SOC-1 Seagulls.4 These were eventually replaced by the Vought OS2U Kingfisher which was used until the end of World War II.4

Armament

The 16" L/45 Mk I guns could fire a 2,240 lb armor piercing round 35,000 yards.4 The maximum elevation was 30°.4

Flagships

The USS Maryland and USS West Virginia were designed to be flagships.3

Washington Naval Treaty

Due to the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty the 75% completed USS Washington was used as a target and sunk.1,4

Ships

BB-45 USS Colorado

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding1,4, Westinghouse1
  • March 22, 1921: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • August 30, 1923: Commissioned.4
  • 1942: Cage mast cut down.1
  • 1943: Control tower installed.1
  • Gilbert Islands.1
  • Kwajalein.1
  • Eniwetok.1
  • Saipan.1
  • Guam.1
  • Leyte.1
  • Lingayen.1
  • Okinawa.1

BB-46 USS Maryland

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1,4, G.E.1
  • March 20, 1920: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • July 21, 1921: Commissioned.4
  • May 1922: Aircraft catapult placed on quarterdeck.4
  • December 7, 1941: Pearl Harbor.1
  • 1942: Cage mast cut down.1
  • 1943: Control tower installed.1
  • Gilbert Islands.1
  • Kwajalein.1
  • June 22, 1944: Saipan.1 Torpedoed.1
  • Palau.1
  • November 29, 1944: Leyte.1 Heavily damaged by kamikaze.1
  • Surigao Strait.1
  • Okinawa.1

BB-47 USS Washington

  • Manufacturer: New York Shipbuilding1
  • September 1, 1921: Launched.1,2
  • November 25, 1924: Sunk as a target by USS Texas.1,4

BB-48 USS West Virginia

  • Manufacturer: Newport News1,4, G.E.1
  • November 19, 1921: Launched.1,2,3,4
  • December 1, 1923: Commissioned.4
  • December 7, 1941: Sunk by four torpedoes and two bombs at Pearl Harbor.1,3
  • April 1944: Recommissioned.1
  • Leyte.1
  • Surigao Strait.1
  • Lingayen.1
  • Iwo Jima.1
  • Okinawa.1

Specifications

  Colorado Class
Crew 1,0804, 2,1001,3
Displacement 31,500 tons1, 32,600 tons2,4
Displacement - Loaded 33,590 tons3,4
Physical Characteristics  
Length 624'1,3,4
190.2 m4
Length - Water Line 600'1,3,4
182.9 m4
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 97' 5"4, 97' 6"3, 108'1
29.7 m4
Draft / Height 30'1, 30' 2"4, 30' 6"3
9.2 m4
Draft / Height - Full Load 35'3
Performance  
Speed 21 knots1,3,4
Range at 10 knots 8,000 nautical miles4
Armament 16" L/45 Mk I: 83
16" twin mounts: 41,4
5": 101, 144
5" L/38: 83
3": 44
Anti-Aircraft 5": 81
5" L/51: 103
Torpedo Tubes 21": 24
Aircraft 04, 31,3
Armor  
Belt 16"1
Turrets 18"1
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 83,4
Shafts 41,3,4
Turbines Turbo Electric Drive1,4
HP 27,3003, 28,9004, 31,0001
Oil 1,900 tons4, 2,500 tons3
  USS Colorado
Crew  
Displacement 32,500 tons1,3
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Full Load  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft - 1945 5" L/51: 81,2
40 mm: 381
40 mm quad mounts: 82
20 mm quad mount: 12
20 mm twin mount: 82
20 mm: 392
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines Westinghouse3
HP  
Oil  
  USS Maryland
Crew 2,3503
Displacement 31,500 tons3
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Full Load  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament  
Armament - 1945 5" L/38 twin mounts: 81,2
Anti-Aircraft - 1945 40 mm: 481
40 mm quad mounts: 112
20 mm quad mount: 12
20 mm twin: 202
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines G.E.3
HP  
Oil  
  USS West Virginia
Crew  
Displacement 31,800 tons1,3
Displacement - 1944 37,800 tons1
Displacement - Loaded  
Physical Characteristics  
Length  
Length - Water Line  
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam  
Beam - 1944 110'3, 114'1
Draft / Height  
Draft / Height - Full Load  
Performance  
Speed  
Range  
Armament 5" L/38: 163
5" L/38 twin mounts: 81
Anti-Aircraft 40 mm: 401
Aircraft  
Armor  
Belt  
Turrets  
Engines  
Boilers  
Shafts  
Turbines G.E.3
HP  
Oil  

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  4. Battleships of World War Two an International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site