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United States' Midway class aircraft carriers

Photos

CVB-41 USS Midway aircraft carrier near Sicily, February 1949:
United States' CVB-41 USS Midway aircraft carrier near Sicily, February 1949
US Navy Photo, National Archives #80-G-706984
CVB-42 USS Franklin D. Roosevelt aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean Sea, November 1948:
United States' CVB-42 USS Franklin D. Roosevelt aircraft carrier in the Mediterranean Sea, November 1948
US Navy Photo, National Archives #80-G-467203

Design

In the mid 1942 the designs for the Midway class were approved.

The Midway class was to have an armored flight deck, unlike other American carriers. It was decided to increase armored protection throughout the ship as it was felt it needed to have protection against Japanese cruiser 8" guns. Protection against torpedoes was greatly increased.

Armament

The anti-aircraft guns were mounted on sponsons below the flight deck. The 5" L/54 dual purpose guns were mounted in single turrets.

Cost

The price for each Midway class was $90 million.

Ships

CVB-41 USS Midway

  • Manufacturer: Newport News, Westinghouse
  • October 27, 1943: Laid down.
  • March 20, 1945: Launched.
  • September 10, 1945: Completed.

CVB-42 USS Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • Original name: Coral Sea
  • Manufacturer: New York Naval Yard, General Electric
  • December 1, 1943: Laid down.
  • April 29, 1945: Launched.
  • October 27, 1945: Completed.

CVB-43 USS Coral Sea

  • Manufacturer: Newport News, Westinghouse
  • July 10, 1944: Laid down.
  • April 2, 1946: Launched.
  • January 10, 1947, October 1, 1947: Completed.

CVB-44

  • Manufacturer: Newport News
  • January 11, 1943, November 11, 1943, 1945 : Cancelled.

CVB-56

  • Manufacturer: Newport News
  • March 27, 1945, March 28, 1945, March 1945, 1945: Cancelled.

CVB-57

  • Manufacturer: Newport News
  • March 27, 1945, March 28, 1945, March 1945, 1945: Cancelled.

Usage

World War II

Was not made operational before World War II ended.

After World War II

Though many felt that the Midways were much too large there were the only carriers that could easily handle the new jet aircraft.

Specifications

  USS Midway class
Crew 4,085, 4,104, 4,110
Displacement 45,000 tons , 47,387 tons
Displacement - Loaded 55,000 tons, 59,901 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 968', 986'
295.04 m, 295,05 m
Length - water line 900'
274.32 m
Beam 113'
34.44 m
Draft / Height 32' 9"
9.98 m
Draft / Height - Maximum 34' 6"
10.51 m, 10.52 m
Flight Deck 932' x 113'
284.07 m x 34.44 m
Performance  
Speed 33 knots
Range at 15 knots 15,000 nautical miles
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5", 5" L/54: 18
40 mm: 84
40 mm quadruple mounts: 21
20 mm twin mounts: 34
20 mm: 68, 82
Aircraft 137
Fighters, F6F: 73
Bombers, SB2C: 64
Armor  
Belt 7.6", 8"
Belt - Starboard 7"
Bulkheads 6.3"
Deck - Flight 3.5"
Deck - Hangar 2"
Deck - Main 2"
Engines  
Boilers Babcock & Wilcox: 12
Shafts 4
Turbines Geared, Westinghouse
HP 200,000, 212,000
Oil 6,003 - 10,032 tons, 10,000 tons
Aviation Fuel 350,000 gallons
  USS Midway
Displacement 47,387 tons
Displacement - Loaded 59,901 tons

Sources:

  1. US Warships of World War 2, Paul H. Silverstone, 1965
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
  4. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site