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United States' CV-1 USS Langley aircraft carrier

Photos

  • CV-1 USS Langley
  • CV-1 USS Langley
  • CV-1 USS Langley
    Near San Diego with the USS Somers in 1928. US Navy photo, National Archives, NH-81279-01.
  • CV-1 USS Langley
    Near Christobal in the Canal Zone in March 1930. US Navy photo, National Archives, 80-G-185915-01.

Design

The United States Navy couldn't get funding from the United States Congress to build an aircraft carrier so they converted the fleet collier USS Jupiter (AC-3). The USS Langley was to be only used for developing carrier operations.

Flight Deck

The Langley's flight deck was made from wood on top of a beam and girder framework. The side under the flight deck did not have walls.

The flight deck was also flush without an island.

Based on British designs the Langley initially had longitudinal wires for landings. However, it was decided to add a backup system of transverse wires that had casings that had sand filled in them. Later a hydraulic system was developed and it was to be the standard of carriers going forward.

There were two 60' catapults.

Bridge

The bridge was located under the flight deck.

Funnels

The funnels were located on the port size and were hinged.

Hangar

Four of the holds were used to store aircraft. Maintenance was done on the flight deck.

A single elevator brought aircraft to the flight deck.

Ships

CV-1 USS Langley

  • Formerly the USS Jupiter (AC-3)
  • Manufacturer: Mare Island
  • October 11, 1918: Laid down.
  • March 1920: Selected to be converted to carrier at Norfolk Navy Yard.
  • 1922, August 12, 1924: Launched.
  • March 20, 1922, March 1922: Completed.
  • 1928: Catapults on flight deck removed.
  • 1936: Removed from service as an aircraft carrier. Conversion to a seaplane tender. 41% of the front of the flight deck was removed. Four 3" L/50 guns added on the flight deck. Four .50 cal machine guns added near bridge.
  • 1937: Became seaplane tender. Designated the AV-3. 250' of the flight deck was removed.
  • February 1942: Ferrying P-40s to Dutch East Indies.
  • February 27, 1942, 1942: Sunk.

Usage

While ferrying P-40s to the Dutch East Indies the Langley suffered five near misses from bombs and had to be scuttled by its escort, the USS Whipple.

Specifications

  USS Langley
Crew 350, 410
Physical Characteristics  
Displacement 11,050 tons, 11,500 tons, 12,700 tons
Displacement - Loaded 14,700 tons
Length 542', 542' 4"
165.2 m, 165.3 m
Length - Water Line 519'
158.19 m
Beam 65' 6", 68'
19.96 m
Draft / Height 16' 6", 24'
5.03 m, 7.32 m
Draft / Height - Max Load 22'
6.71 m
Flight Deck 534' x 64'
162.7 m x 19.51 m
Performance  
Speed 14 knots
Range 12,260 nautical miles
Armament  
Anti-Aircraft 5", 127 mm, 5" L/51: 4
Aircraft 30, 34
Fighters: 30
Armor None
Engines  
Boilers Bureau: 3
Shafts 1, 2
Turbines General Electric, Steam
HP 7,000, 7,150
Oil 2,300 tons
Gasoline - Aircraft 578 tons

Sources:

  1. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  2. US Navy Aircraft Carriers 1922-45 Prewar Class, Mark Stille, 2005
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. The World's Aircraft Carriers 1914 - 1945, Roger Chesneau, 1986
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site