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United States' Beech / Beechcraft C-45 Expeditor transport, Beechcraft A-7 Navigator trainer, Beechcraft A-11 Kansan trainer

Photos

Beechcraft C-45 Voyager transport:
United States' Beechcraft C-45 Voyager transport
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Beechcraft C-45 Voyager transport:
United States' Beechcraft C-45 Voyager transport
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Beechcraft C-45 started out as the Model 18 light transport.1,2 It was the standard navigator and bombardier trainer for the United States.1

In 1943 the C-45's name was changed to UC-45 and named Expeditor.1

Prototype

The Model 18 first flew on January 15, 1937.1

Production

Production lasted until 1969.1 Around 1,800 of the more than 9,100 were delivered after the war.1

  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45: 111
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45A: 201
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45B: 2231
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45F: 1,1371
  • Beech / Beechcraft AT-7: 1,1121
  • Beech / Beechcraft AT-7A: 61
  • Beech / Beechcraft AT-11: 1,5821
  • Beech / Beechcraft F-2: 561
  • Beech / Beechcraft JRB: 2801
  • Beech / Beechcraft SNB: 1,2441
  • Total Model 18: >9,1001
    • Manufacturer: Beech Aircraft Company2

Variants

  • Beechcraft 18S: Beechcraft's designation.3
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45:
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45A:
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45B:
  • Beech / Beechcraft C-45F:
  • Beech / Beechcraft AT-7: Used for navigator training.1,2
  • Beech / Beechcraft AT-7A: Floatplane.1
  • Beech / Beechcraft AT-11: Used for bombing / gunnery training.1,2
  • Beech / Beechcraft F-2: Photo reconnaissance training.1,2,3 Had two multiple-lens cameras.3 For high altitude work there was oxygen equipment.3
  • Beech / Beechcraft JRB: The Marine Corps name for their version of the C-45.1
  • Beechcraft JRB-2: Navy.3
  • Beech / Beechcraft SNB-1: The Marine Corps name for their version of the AT-11 Kansan.1
  • Beech / Beechcraft SNB-2: The Marine Corps name for their version of the AT-7.1

Usage

The Beechcrafts were used by Canada, China, United Kingdom, and United States.1

The United States Navy used the JRBs as transports for personnel.3 The United States Army used the C-45s and F-2s as transports and photographic aircraft.3

United States Army Air Force First Use

In 1940 the Beechcraft Model 18 was first used by the United States Army Air Force.1 Eleven Model 18s (designated the C-45) were ordered for staff tranports.1

Royal Air Force (RAF) and Royal Navy

430 C-45s were delivered to the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy.1

Specifications

  Beechcraft C-45 Expeditor,
Beechcraft C-45 Voyager
Type Transport1,3
Crew  
Passenger 81
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney Wasp Junior3
2: Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-1 Wasp Junior1
Cylinders Radial 91
Cooling  
HP 450 each1,3
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 47' 8"1,3
14.53 m1
Length 34' 3"1,3
10.44 m1
Height 9' 5"3, 9' 8"1
2.95 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 7,500 lb3
Performance  
Speed 215 mph1, 235 mph3
346 kph1
Cruising speed 160 mph1
257 kph1
Climb to 10,000' /
3,050 m
10.1 minutes1
Service ceiling 20,000'1
6,095 m1
Range 850 miles1, 1,100 miles3
1,368 km1
Armament  
  Beech C-45B Expediter
Type Transport2
Crew 12
Passenger 6 - 82
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-985-AN-1 Wasp Jr.2
Cylinders Radial 92
Cooling Air2
HP 450 each2
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 47' 8"2
Length 34' 3"2
Height 9' 8"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 8,727 lb2
Performance  
Speed 210 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 20,000'2
Range 700 miles2
Armament None2
  Beechcraft A-11 Kansan
Type Trainer1
Crew  
Passenger  
Engine (Type)  
Cylinders  
Cooling  
HP  
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 6,175 lb1
2,800 kg1
Loaded 8,727 lb1
3,958 kg1
Performance  
Speed  
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range  
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site