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United States' Fairchild PT-19, PT-23, PT-26 trainer

Photos

Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer:
United States' Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer:
United States' Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Fairchild PT series of trainers started out as the M-62.

The Fairchilds had steel tube fuselage with a fabric cover. The wings were wooden.

Prototype

The M-62 first flew in 1939.

Production

The United States Army Air Corps ordered the PTs in 1940.

The Fairchild PTs were manufactured from February 1940 to May 1944.

  • PT-19: 270
    • Manufacturer: Fairchild
  • PT-19A: 3,703
    • Manufacturer: Aeronca, Fairchild, St. Louis
  • PT-19B: 917
    • Manufacturer: Aeronca, Fairchild
  • PT-23: 869
    • Manufacturer: Aeronca, Fairchild, Fleet, Howard, St. Louis
  • PT-23A: 256
    • Manufacturer: Howard, St. Louis
  • PT-26: 670
    • Manufacturer: Fairchild
  • PT-26A: 807
    • Manufacturer: Fleet
  • PT-26B: 250
    • Manufacturer: Fleet
  • Total: 7,742
  • Countries of manufacture:
    • Canada (Fleet): 1,150
    • United States: 6,592

Variants

  • PT-19: Open cockpit.
  • PT-19A: Open cockpit.
  • PT-19B: Had a hood for the front cockpit that could be used for blind flying instruction.
  • PT-23:
  • PT-23A: Was equipped for blind flying. Some could carry two stretchers.
  • PT-26: Had a sliding canopy over each of the cockpits.

Usage

The countries that used the Fairchild PTs were Argentina, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Norway, Paraguay, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Uruguay, and the United States.

Canada

The PTs that were manufactured in Canada were known as the Cornell.

Specifications

  Fairchild PT-19
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Ranger L-44-1
Cylinders Inverted 6 inline
Cooling  
HP 175
Propeller blades 2
Dimensions  
Span 36'
10.97 m
Length 28'
8.53 m
Height 10' 6"
3.2 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 1,845 lb
837 kg
Loaded 2,545 lb
1,154 kg
Performance  
Speed 132 mph
212 kph
Cruising speed 110 mph
177 kph
Climb to 10,000' /
3,048 m
17.5 minutes
Service ceiling 15,300'
4,663 m
Range 400 miles
644 km
Armament  
  Fairchild PT-23
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Continental R-670-4/4/11
Cylinders Radial 7
Cooling  
HP 220
Propeller blades 2
Dimensions  
Span  
Length 25' 11"
7.9 m
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 2,045 lb
928 kg
Loaded 2,747 lb
1,246 kg
Performance  
Speed 128 mph
206 kph
Cruising speed  
Climb to 10,000' /
3,048 m
19.4 minutes
Service ceiling 13,200'
4,023 m
Range 330 miles
531 km
Armament  
  Fairchild PT-26
Type Trainer
Crew 2
Engine (Type) Ranger
Ranger L-440-7
Cylinders Inline, Inverted 6 inline
Cooling  
HP 200
United States: 175
Canada: 200
Propeller blades 2
Dimensions  
Span 35' 11"
Length 27' 8"
Height 7' 9"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 2,450 lb
Performance  
Speed 135 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 500 miles
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site