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United States' Fairchild PT-19, PT-23, PT-26 trainer

Photos

Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer:
United States' Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer:
United States' Fairchild M-62A, PT-26, Cornell trainer
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Fairchild PT series of trainers started out as the M-62.1

The Fairchilds had steel tube fuselage with a fabric cover.1 The wings were wooden.1

Prototype

The M-62 first flew in 1939.1

Production

The United States Army Air Corps ordered the PTs in 1940.1

The Fairchild PTs were manufactured from February 1940 to May 1944.1

  • PT-19: 2701
    • Manufacturer: Fairchild1
  • PT-19A: 3,7031
    • Manufacturer: Aeronca1, Fairchild1, St. Louis1
  • PT-19B: 9171
    • Manufacturer: Aeronca1, Fairchild1
  • PT-23: 8691
    • Manufacturer: Aeronca1, Fairchild1, Fleet1, Howard1, St. Louis1
  • PT-23A: 2561
    • Manufacturer: Howard1, St. Louis1
  • PT-26: 6701
    • Manufacturer: Fairchild1
  • PT-26A: 8071
    • Manufacturer: Fleet1
  • PT-26B: 2501
    • Manufacturer: Fleet1
  • Total: 7,7421
  • Countries of manufacture:
    • Canada (Fleet): 1,1501
    • United States: 6,5921

Variants

  • PT-19: Open cockpit.1
  • PT-19A: Open cockpit.1
  • PT-19B: Had a hood for the front cockpit that could be used for blind flying instruction.1
  • PT-23:
  • PT-23A: Was equipped for blind flying.1 Some could carry two stretchers.1
  • PT-26: Had a sliding canopy over each of the cockpits.1

Usage

The countries that used the Fairchild PTs were Argentina, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Norway, Paraguay, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Uruguay, and the United States.1

Canada

The PTs that were manufactured in Canada were known as the Cornell.1

Specifications

  Fairchild PT-19
Type Trainer1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) Ranger L-44-11
Cylinders Inverted 6 inline1
Cooling  
HP 1751
Propeller blades 21
Dimensions  
Span 36'1
10.97 m1
Length 28'1
8.53 m1
Height 10' 6"1
3.2 m1
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 1,845 lb1
837 kg1
Loaded 2,545 lb1
1,154 kg1
Performance  
Speed 132 mph1
212 kph1
Cruising speed 110 mph1
177 kph1
Climb to 10,000' /
3,048 m
17.5 minutes1
Service ceiling 15,300'1
4,663 m1
Range 400 miles1
644 km1
Armament  
  Fairchild PT-23
Type Trainer1
Crew 21
Engine (Type) Continental R-670-4/4/111
Cylinders Radial 71
Cooling  
HP 2201
Propeller blades 21
Dimensions  
Span  
Length 25' 11"1
7.9 m1
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 2,045 lb1
928 kg1
Loaded 2,747 lb1
1,246 kg1
Performance  
Speed 128 mph1
206 kph1
Cruising speed  
Climb to 10,000' /
3,048 m
19.4 minutes1
Service ceiling 13,200'1
4,023 m1
Range 330 miles1
531 km1
Armament  
  Fairchild PT-26
Type Trainer1,2
Crew 21
Engine (Type) Ranger2
Ranger L-440-71
Cylinders Inline2, Inverted 6 inline1
Cooling  
HP 2001
United States: 1752
Canada: 2002
Propeller blades 21
Dimensions  
Span 35' 11"2
Length 27' 8"2
Height 7' 9"2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 2,450 lb2
Performance  
Speed 135 mph2
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 500 miles2
Armament  

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site