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United States' Waco CG-4A Hadrian transport, Waco CG-13A transport glider

Photos

Waco CG-4 Hadrian destroyed by landing in what was called Rommel's Asparagus:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian destroyed by landing in what was called Rommel's Asparagus
PhotosNormandie's photostream
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
PhotosNormandie's photostream


Waco CG-4 Hadrian flown by the 438th TCG with passengers from the 32nd Reconnaissance Platoon:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian flown by the 438th TCG with passengers from the 32nd Reconnaissance Platoon
PhotosNormandie's photostream
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider with a Griswold nose:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider with a Griswold nose
PhotosNormandie's photostream
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider:
United States' Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Design

The Waco CG-4A was designed to meet a 1941 requirement.

Wings

The wood wings were covered by fabric.

Fuselage

The fuselage was welded steel tubing covered by fabric.

Nose

The nose had a hinge which allowed it to be raised up for loading.

Flying Controls

There were spoilers that were used in the place of flaps. There were two sets of controls.

Cargo

The Hadrian could carry 15 troops or loads that could include a jeep, 1/4 ton truck, or a 75 mm howitzer.

Prototype

The XCG-4 prototype competed against the Bowlus XCG-8.

Production

Initial order for the CG-13A numbered 400 but with the progress of the war and the availability of other gliders actual production was much less.

  • Waco CG-4A: 13,906
    • Manufacturer: Babcock (60), Cessna (750), Commonwealth (1,470), Ford (4,190), G and A Aircraft (627), General (1,112), Gibson Refrigerator (1,078), Laister-Kaufman (310), National (1), Northwestern (1,510), Pratt & Read (956), Ridgefield Manufacturing (156), Robertson (170), Timm (434), Ward Furniture (7), Waco (1,075)
  • Total: 13,910
    • Production: 1942 - late 1944
  • Waco CG-13A: 132
    • Manufacturer: Waco Aircraft Company, Ford (85), Northwest (47)
  • Waco CG-15A: 429

Variants

  • Waco XCG-4: Prototype.
  • Waco CG-4A: Main production version.
  • Waco CG-13A: Same basic structure as the CG-4 but larger to carry more troops.
  • Waco CG-15A: Wing span reduced. Undercarriage redesigned.

Usage

The Waco CG-4A was used by Britain, Canada, and the United States.

Husky

The CG-4A was first used in the invasion of Sicily in July 1943.

Normandy

In the June 1944 landings at Normandy the Allies used many CG-4As.

Specifications

  Waco CG-4A Hadrian
Type Assault and transport glider
Crew 2
Engine (Type) None
Dimensions  
Span 83' 8"
25.5 m
Length 48' 4'
14.73 m
Height 12' 7"
3.83 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 3,750 lb
1,701 kg
Loaded 7,500 lb
3,402 kg
Maximum load 9,000 lb
4,082 kg
Performance  
Towing speed 125 mph
201 kph
Maximum towing speed 150 mph
241 kph
Stall speed 44 mph
71 kph
Passengers 15
OR  
Cargo 3,800 lb
1,724 kg
  Waco CG-13A
Type Transport glider
Crew 2
Engine (Type)  
Dimensions  
Span 85' 8"
Length 54' 4"
Height 20' 3"
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Loaded 18,900 lb
Maximum load  
Performance  
Towing speed  
Maximum towing speed 190 mph
Stall speed  
Passengers 42

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site