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United States' Waco CG-4A Hadrian transport, Waco CG-13A transport glider

Photos

  • Waco CG-4A Hadrian Glider
  • Waco Hadrian Mk I glider
  • Waco Hadrian Mk I glider
  • Waco Hadrian Mk I glider
  • Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
  • Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
  • Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider
  • Waco CG-4 Hadrian glider

Design

The Waco CG-4A was designed to meet a 1941 requirement.

Wings

The wood wings were covered by fabric.

Fuselage

The fuselage was welded steel tubing covered by fabric.

Nose

The nose had a hinge which allowed it to be raised up for loading.

Flying Controls

There were spoilers that were used in the place of flaps. There were two sets of controls.

Cargo

The Hadrian could carry 15 troops or loads that could include a jeep, 1/4 ton truck, or a 75 mm howitzer.

Prototype

The XCG-4 prototype competed against the Bowlus XCG-8.

The XCG-13 prototype was delivered to the US Army for testing in March 1942.

Production

Initial order for the CG-13A numbered 400 but with the progress of the war and the availability of other gliders actual production was much less.

  • Waco CG-3A: 100
    • Manufacturer: Commonwealth Aircraft, Inc.
  • Waco CG-4A: 13,906
    • Manufacturer: Babcock (60), Beech, Boeing, Cessna (750), Commonwealth (1,470), Ford (4,190), G and A Aircraft (627), General (1,112), Gibson Refrigerator (1,078), Laister-Kaufman (310), National (1), Northwestern (1,510), Pratt & Read (956), Ridgefield Manufacturing (156), Robertson (170), Timm (434), Ward Furniture (7), Waco (1,075)
  • Total: 12,393, 13,910
    • Production: 1942 - late 1944
  • Waco CG-13A: 132
    • Manufacturer: Waco Aircraft Company, Ford (85), Northwest (47)
  • Waco CG-15A: 429

Variants

  • Waco CG-3A: Training glider.
  • Waco XCG-4: Prototype. Seated nine.
  • Waco CG-4A, Jayhawk: Main production version.
  • Waco XCG-13: Prototype.
  • Waco CG-13A: Same basic structure as the CG-4 but larger to carry more troops. Could carry a 105 mm howitzer and crew.
  • Waco CG-15A: Wing span reduced. Undercarriage redesigned. Could be towed by fighters.

Usage

The Waco CG-4A was used by Britain, Canada, and the United States.

Husky

The CG-4A was first used in the invasion of Sicily in July 1943.

Normandy

In the June 1944 landings at Normandy the Allies used many CG-4As.

Delivery

In July 1943 a CG-4A was towed from Montreal to England in 28 hours over a distance of 3,500 miles / 5,633 km with a cargo of vaccines for the Soviet Union.

Specifications

  Waco CG-3A
Type Training Glider
Crew 2
Dimensions  
Span 73' 1"
22.2 m
Length 48' 5 9/16"
14.8 m
Weight  
Loaded 4,000 lb
1,816 kg
Performance  
Towing speed 120 mph
192 kph
Passengers 9
  Waco CG-4A Hadrian
Type Assault and transport glider
Crew 2
Dimensions  
Span 83' 8"
25.5 m
Length 48' 3.75", 48' 4'
14. 7 m, 14.73 m
Height 12' 7", 12' 7 7/16", 12' 7.5"
3.83 m, 3.84 m, 3.85 m
Wing area 851.5 sq ft, 900 sq ft
79.1 sq m, 83.61 sq m
Weight  
Empty 3,750 lb, 3,790 lb
1,701 kg, 1,719 kg, 1,721 kg
Loaded 7,500 lb
3,402 kg, 3,405 kg
Maximum load 9,000 lb
4,082 kg, 4,086 kg
Performance  
Towing speed 125 mph
200 kph, 201 kph
Maximum towing speed 150 mph
241 kph
Stall speed 44 mph
71 kph
Passengers 15
OR  
Cargo 3,800 lb
1,724 kg
  Waco CG-13A
Type Transport glider
Crew 2
Dimensions  
Span 85' 8"
26.13 m
Length 54' 4"
16.57 m
Height 20' 3"
6.2 m
Wing Area 873 sq ft
80 sq m
Weight  
Empty 8,900 lb
4,040 kg
Loaded 18,900 lb
8,580 kg
Performance  
Maximum Towing Speed 190 mph
304 kph
Landing Speed 80 mph
148 kph
Passengers 42
  Waco CG-15A
Type Glider
Crew 2
Dimensions  
Span 62' 2", 62' 2.5"
18.9 m, 18.95 m
Length 48' 9 7/8"
14.8 m
Weight  
Loaded 8,000 lb
3,632 kg
Performance  
Maximum towing speed 180 mph
288 kph
Passengers 16
OR  
Cargo 4,000 lb
1,816 kg

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Jane's Fighting Aircraft of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site