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United States' Republic P-47D, P-47G Thunderbolt fighter

Design

The wings had hard points to allow for ordnance and drop tanks to be carried.4

Internal fuel carrying capacity was increased.4

Production

P-47D deliveries started in early 1943.4

80% of the P-47s produced were the D model.4

The P-47Ds were produced in Farmingdale, New York and Evansville, Indiana plants.4 The P-47G was identical to the P-47D but was constructed by Curtiss-Wright.4

  • Republic P-47D:
  • Manufacturer: Republic Aviation Corporation5

Variants

  • Republic P-47D:
  • Republic P-47D-22: Large diameter propellar.6
  • Republic P-47D-25: Rear deck reduced and bubble canopy installed.4,5,6 Increased fuel capacity.6
  • Republic P-47D-27: Directional stability increased.6
  • Republic P-47D-30: Mounts under wings for 10 HVAR rockets.6
  • Republic P-47K: First test flown in July 1943 using a Hawker Typhoon canopy.4

Usage

The P-47D was used by:

  • Britain4,5: 8306
    • Thunderbolt I ("Razorbacks"): 2404
    • Thunderbolt II (late models): 4904
    • Used primarily in South-East Asia starting in September 1944.4
  • Brazil: 504, 886
    • Units operated in Italy and the Philippines.4
  • France: 4464,6
    • Used from Corsica and southern France6
  • Mexico4,5: 256
    • Units operated in Italy and the Philippines.4 201st Fighter Squadron.6
  • Soviet Union5: 1966, 2034
    • Delivered by the Alaska Siberia route.6
  • United States4,5

The P-47Ds used in Europe were more and more used as fighter bomber than escort fighters.4

Arrival in Australia

In mid-1943 the 5th Air Force began to be equipped with P-47Ds.6

7th Air Force

The 7th Air Force, on Saipan, started using the P-47Ds in late 1944.6 In the Spring of 1945 some of these units later moved to Iwo Jima and Le Shima.6

 

Specifications

  Republic P-47D Thunderbolt
Type Fighter1,5, Fighter bomber1,4,6
Crew 11,4,5,6
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-2800-59 Double Wasp1,5,6,
Pratt & Whitney R-2800-59/63 Double Wasp4
Cylinders 59: Radial 181,5,6
59/63: Radial 184
Cooling Air5,6
HP 59: 2,0005,6, 2,5351
59/63: 2,3004
War emergency HP 59/63: 2,5354
Propeller blades 41,4, 4 controllable constant speed6
Dimensions  
Span 40' 9"1,5,6, 40' 9.25"4
12.42 m1, 12.43 m4
Length 34' 10"6, 36' 1"5, 36' 1.75"4, 36' 2"1
11.02 m1,4
Height 14' 2"1,4,5
4.3 m1, 4.32 m4
Wing area 300 ft2 1,6
27.87 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 10,000 lb4, 10,660 lb1, 10,700 lb6
4,536 kg4, 4,853 kg1
Loaded 17,500 lb1, 19,400 lb5,6
7,938 kg1
Loaded - later versions 20,700 lb1
9,300 kg1
Maximum load 17,500 - 19,400 lb4
7,938 - 8,800 kg4
Performance  
Speed 430 mph1
697 kph1
Speed @ 5,000' /
1,524 m
363 mph4
584 kph4
Speed @ 30,000' /
9,144 m
428 mph4,5,6
688 kph4
Cruising speed 195 mph4, 300 mph6
314 kph4
Climb 3,120'/minute4
950 m/minute4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
9 minutes4
Service ceiling 42,000'1,4,5,6
12,800 m4, 13,000 m1
Range 475 miles4,5
764 km4
Range - loaded 475 miles6
Range - max 1,700 miles6
Range - with drop tanks 1,800 miles4, 1,860 miles1
2,897 km4, 3,000 km1
Armament 8: MG5
Wings 8: 0.5" MG4
8: .50 cal MG6
8: 12.7 mm Browning MG1
267 to 500 rounds each1
External load - bombs,
napalm, rockets (8)
2,500 lb1
1,134 kg1
Bombs 2: 1,000 lb6 OR 3: 500 lb6
2,000 lb5, 2,500 lb4,6
1,134 kg4
OR  
Rockets 10: 5"4
10: 12.7 cm4
  Republic P-47D-252,3, Thunderbolt Mk II2,3
Type Fighter2,3
Crew 12,3
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-2800-59 piston2,3
Cylinders Radial2,3
Cooling  
HP 2,3002,3
War emergency HP  
Propeller blades  
Dimensions  
Span 40' 9.5"2,3
12.43 m2
Length 36' 1.75"2,3
11.01 m2,3
Height 14' 2"2,3
4.32 m2,3
Wing area 300 ft2 2,3
27.87 m2 2,3
Weight  
Empty 10,000 lb2,3
4,536 kg2,3
Loaded 19,400 lb2,3
8,800 kg2,3
Loaded - later versions  
Maximum load  
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 30,000' /
9,145 m
428 mph2,3
689 kph2,3
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Climb to 20,000' /
6,095 m
9 minutes2,3
Service ceiling 42,000'2,3
12,800 m2,3
Range 1,260 miles2,3
2,028 km2,3
Armament  
Wings 8: 12.7 mm MG2,3
External load - bombs,
napalm, rockets (8)
 
Bombs 2: 1,000 lb2,3
2: 454 kg2,3

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, General Editor Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  6. American Attack Aircraft Since 1926, E. R. Johnson, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site