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United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter

Photos

Republic P-43 Lancer fighter:
United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook
Republic P-43 Lancer fighter:
United States' Republic P-43 Lancer fighter
Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook

Design

The Republic P-43 Lancer was a descendent of the Seversky P-35 fighter. A turbo charged engine was added, plus some additional changes, to the last P-35 off the production line that created the XP-41 prototype.

Undercarriage

The undercarriage retracted inwards towards the center of the plane.

Prototype

In May 1939 the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) ordered 13 evaluation (YP-43) aircraft after the successful evaluation of the XP-41.

The first YP-43 flew in September 1940.

Production

Starting in May 1941 deliveries of the P-43 began.

  • Republic XP-41: 1
  • Republic YP-43: 13
  • Republic P-43: 54
  • Republic P-43A: 80
  • Republic P-43A-1: 125
  • Republic P-43B: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft. Had cameras installed in the rear fuselage.
  • Republic P-43C: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.
  • Republic P-43D: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.
  • Republic P-43E: Conversions to reconnaissance aircraft.
  • Total: 272, 273

Variants

  • Republic XP-41: Prototype.
  • Republic YP-43:
  • Republic P-43:
  • Republic P-43A:
  • Republic P-43A-1: Had self sealing fuel tanks. Was to be sent to China under Lend-Lease.
  • Republic P-44: Had a Pratt & Whitney R-2180 turbo charged engine installed (1,400 HP). Development was cancelled.

Usage

Australia, China, and the United States used the P-43.

China

China received 51 / 103 of the P-43A-1s. These had problems with the turbochargers and self sealing fuel tanks.

Australia

The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) received eight P-43s in 1942 to be used as photo reconnaissance aircraft. Six of these survived to be turned over to the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) in 1943.

Specifications

  Republic P-43 Lancer
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) 1: Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp
1: Pratt & Whitney R-1830-35
Cylinders Radial, Radial 14
Cooling  
HP 1,100, 1,200
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 36'
10.97 m
Length 27' 6", 28' 6"
8.69 m
Height 10' 2", 14'
4.27 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load 7,100 lb
Performance  
Speed 375 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling  
Range 520 miles
Armament 2: 0.5" MG
2: 0.3" MG
Bombs 200 lb
91 kg
Fuselage 2: MG
Wings 6: MG
  Republic P-43A Lancer
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-49 Twin Wasp
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling Air
HP 1,200
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span 36'
Length 28' 6"
Height 14'
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty  
Normal load 7,935 lb
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 25,000' 349 mph
Cruising speed  
Climb  
Service ceiling 38,000'
Range 800 miles
Armament 2: 0.5" MG
2: 0.3" MG
4: MG
  Republic P-43A-1 Lancer
Type Fighter
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-57
Cylinders Radial 14
Cooling  
HP 1,200
Propeller blades 3
Dimensions  
Span  
Length  
Height  
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 5,996 lb
2,720 kg
Normal load 7,936 lb
3,600 kg
Performance  
Speed  
Speed @ 20,000' /
6,096 m
356 mph
573 kph
Speed @ 25,000'  
Cruising speed 280 mph
450 kph
Climb 2,850'/minute
869 m/minute
Climb to 15,000' /
4,572 m
6 minutes
Service ceiling 36,000'
10,970 m
Range 800 miles
1,287 km
Armament 4: 0.5" MG

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site