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United States' North American P-51D Mustang fighter, Mustang Mk IV

Design

The Royal Air Force (RAF) installed a Malcolm hood which greatly improved visibility for the pilot.5 North American took the design and started production on the P-51D.5

Engine

The engine was a United States built Rolls-Royce Merlin 61.1

The engine powered an Aeroproducts propeller.3
The engine powered a Hamilton Standard propeller.4

Cockpit

The bubble canopy allowed the pilot to have an exceptional view.1,3,4,5,6 Behind the cockpit the fuselage was cut down for better rearward views.3,4,5

Tail

A fin fillet compensated for the reduced rear fuselage.4

Production

  • North American P-51D: 7,9565
    • Manufacturer: North American Aviation Inc.5

Variants

  • North American P-51D:

Usage

P-51Ds escorted bombers over Tokyo for the first time in April 1945 from bases on Iwo Jima.4

Royal Air Force (RAF)

The RAF received 215 P-51Ds.4

Specifications

  North American P-51D Mustang1,2,3,4,5, Mustang Mk IV2,3,4
Type Fighter1,2,3,5, Fighter bomber1,4,6
Crew 11,3,4,5,6
Engine (Type) Packard V-1650-7 piston1,5
Packard V-1650-7 Merlin4
Packard Rolls-Royce Merlin V-1650-7 piston2,3,6
Cylinders Inverted V Inline 121, Inline2, V 123,4,5, 126
Cooling Water1,5,6
HP 1,4902,3, 1,5901, 1,6956, 1,7204
Propeller blades 41,4 , 4 constant speed6
Fuel capacity - drop tanks 2: 108 gallon1
2: 491 liter1
Dimensions  
Span 37'1,4,5, 37' 0.25"2,3, 37' 0.5"6
11.28 m2,3,4, 11.29 m1
Length 32' 3"1,4,5,6, 32' 3.25"2, 32' 3.75"3
9.83 m1,4, 9.85 m2,3
Height 12' 2"1,2,3,4,5
3.71 m1,2,3,4
Wing area 233 ft2 6, 233.2 ft2 2,3, 235 ft2 1
21.65 m2 2,3, 21.83 m2 1
Weight  
Empty 7,125 lb1,2,3,6, 7,635 lb4
3,232 kg1,2,3, 3,463 kg4
Loaded 11,600 lb2,3,5,6, 11,607 lb1, 12,100 lb4
5,252 kg2, 5,262 kg3, 5,488 kg4, 5,625 kg1
Performance  
Speed @ 5,000' /
1,525 m
395 mph4
636 kph4
Speed @ 25,000' /
7,620 m
437 mph2,3,4,5,6, 445 mph1
703 kph4, 704 kph2,3, 716 kph1
Cruising speed 362 mph6
Climb 3,475'/minute4
1,059 m/minute4
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
7.3 minutes4
Climb to 30,000' /
9,145 m
13 minutes2,3
Service ceiling 41,900'1,2,3,4,5,6
12,770 m1,2,3,4
Range 850 miles4, 950 miles5, 2,080 miles2,3
1,368 km4, 3,347 km2,3
Range - internal fuel 326 miles1
535 km1
Range - fuel tanks 752 miles1, 1,650 miles4
1,210 km1, 2,655 km4
Range - loaded 650 miles6
Range - max 2,300 miles6
Armament 6: MG5
Wings 6: 0.5" MG4
6: 12.7 mm Browning MG1,2
6: 12.7 mm MG3
6: .50 cal MG6
Bombs 2: 500 lb1, 1,000 lb6, 2: 1,000 lb2,3, 2,000 lb4,5
2: 227 kg1, 2: 454 kg2,3, 907 kg4
OR  
Rockets 8: 75 mm1
6: 5"2,3,4
6: 127 mm2,3,4
10: 5" HVAR6

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, General Editor Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  6. American Attack Aircraft Since 1926, E. R. Johnson, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site