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United States' North American P-51D Mustang fighter, Mustang Mk IV

Design

The Royal Air Force (RAF) installed a Malcolm hood which greatly improved visibility for the pilot. North American took the design and started production on the P-51D.

Engine

The engine was a United States built Rolls-Royce Merlin 61.

The engine powered an Aeroproducts propeller.
The engine powered a Hamilton Standard propeller.

Cockpit

The bubble canopy allowed the pilot to have an exceptional view. Behind the cockpit the fuselage was cut down for better rearward views.

Tail

A fin fillet compensated for the reduced rear fuselage.

Production

  • North American P-51D: 7,956
    • Manufacturer: North American Aviation Inc.

Variants

  • North American P-51D:

Usage

P-51Ds escorted bombers over Tokyo for the first time in April 1945 from bases on Iwo Jima.

Royal Air Force (RAF)

The RAF received 215 P-51Ds.

Specifications

  North American P-51D Mustang, Mustang Mk IV
Type Fighter, Fighter bomber
Crew 1
Engine (Type) Packard V-1650-7 piston
Packard V-1650-7 Merlin
Packard Rolls-Royce Merlin V-1650-7 piston
Cylinders Inverted V Inline 12, Inline, V 12, 12
Cooling Water
HP 1,490, 1,590, 1,695, 1,720
Propeller blades 4 , 4 constant speed
Fuel capacity - drop tanks 2: 108 gallon
2: 491 liter
Dimensions  
Span 37', 37' 0.25", 37' 0.5"
11.28 m, 11.29 m
Length 32' 3", 32' 3.25", 32' 3.75"
9.83 m, 9.85 m
Height 12' 2"
3.71 m
Wing area 233 ft2 , 233.2 ft2 , 235 ft2
21.65 m2 , 21.83 m2
Weight  
Empty 7,125 lb, 7,635 lb
3,232 kg, 3,463 kg
Loaded 11,600 lb, 11,607 lb, 12,100 lb
5,252 kg, 5,262 kg, 5,488 kg, 5,625 kg
Performance  
Speed @ 5,000' /
1,525 m
395 mph
636 kph
Speed @ 25,000' /
7,620 m
437 mph, 445 mph
703 kph, 704 kph, 716 kph
Cruising speed 362 mph
Climb 3,475'/minute
1,059 m/minute
Climb to 20,000' /
6,096 m
7.3 minutes
Climb to 30,000' /
9,145 m
13 minutes
Service ceiling 41,900'
12,770 m
Range 850 miles, 950 miles, 2,080 miles
1,368 km, 3,347 km
Range - internal fuel 326 miles
535 km
Range - fuel tanks 752 miles, 1,650 miles
1,210 km, 2,655 km
Range - loaded 650 miles
Range - max 2,300 miles
Armament 6: MG
Wings 6: 0.5" MG
6: 12.7 mm Browning MG
6: 12.7 mm MG
6: .50 cal MG
Bombs 2: 500 lb, 1,000 lb, 2: 1,000 lb, 2,000 lb
2: 227 kg, 2: 454 kg, 907 kg
OR  
Rockets 8: 75 mm
6: 5"
6: 127 mm
10: 5" HVAR

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Fighting Aircraft of World War II, Editor: Karen Leverington, 1995
  3. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, General Editor Chris Bishop, 1998
  4. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  5. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  6. American Attack Aircraft Since 1926, E. R. Johnson, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site