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United States' Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon bomber
Vega Model 15

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Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon bomber

Design

The Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon was a descendent of the Ventura.2,3 The Harpoon was also the last twin finned Lockheed aircraft.2 Lockheed called it the Vega Model 15.2

Wings

The wings were wider and could carry more fuel.2,3

Armament

There was more armament.2

The bomb bay was larger.2

Tail

The fins and rudders were larger.2 The tail plane was redesigned.2

Prototype

The first PV-2 flew on December 3, 1943.2

Production

The United States Navy ordered 500 in / on June 1943 / June 30, 19433.2,3 Deliveries started in March 1944.2 Production lasted until 1945.2

  • Lockheed PV-2: 5002
  • Lockheed PV-2D: 352
  • Total: 5333, 5352
    • Manufacturer: Lockheed Aircraft Company3
    • Production: 1944 - 19453

Variants

  • Lockheed PV-2:
  • Lockheed PV-2C: The first 30 Harpoons were recalled as they had skin wrinkling and fuel tank leaks.2 These were turned into trainers.2
  • Lockheed PV-2D: Eight 0.5" machine guns in the nose.2,3 Orders were cancelled after VJ Day.2
  • Lockheed PV-2T: Trainer.2 Unarmed.2

Usage

The United States Navy used the Harpoons mostly in the Pacific attacking ships and ground targets during the last year of World War II.2,3

Post World War II

Many of the Harpoons were used in eleven United States Navy Reserve Units.2

Surplus Harpoons were supplied to Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Peru, and Portugal.2

Specifications

  Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon1,2,3
Type Maritime patrol1, Patrol bomber2, Reconnaissance3
Crew 4 - 51,2,3
Pilot, navigator / bomb aimer, radio operator / gunner, turret gunner1
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp1
2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-31 Double Wasp2,3
Cylinders Radial 182,3
Cooling Air3
HP 2,000 each1,2,3
Propeller blades 3 each2
Dimensions  
Span 74' 11"3, 75'2
22.86 m2
Length 52'2,3
15.85 m2
Height 11' 11"3, 13' 3"2
4.04 m2
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 21,028 lb2
9,538 kg2
Loaded 36,000 lb2,3
16,330 kg2
Performance  
Speed at sea level 271 mph2
436 kph2
Speed @ 13,700' /
4,175 m
282 mph2,3
454 kph2
Cruising speed 171 mph2
275 kph2
Climb 1,630'/minute2
497 m/minute2
Service ceiling 23,900'2,3
7,285 m2
Range 1,790 miles2,3
2,880 km2
Maximum range 2,930 miles2
4,715 km2
Armament 9: MG3
Nose 5: 0.5" MG2
2: 12.7 mm MG1
Dorsal turret 2: 0.5" MG2
2: 12.7 mm MG1
Ventral position 2: 0.5" MG2
1: 12.7 mm MG1
Under nose 3: 12.7 mm MG1
Bomb-bay - bombs 3,000 lb3, 3,990 lb1, 4,000 lb2
1,814 kg2, 1,816 kg1
OR  
Torpedo 1: 1,800 lb2
1: 816 kg2
Under wings 2,000 lb2
907 kg2
8: 127 mm high velocity aerial rockets (HVAR)1
2: 150 gallon drop tanks1
2: 587 liter drop tanks1

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site