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United States' Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon bomber
Vega Model 15

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Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon bomber:
United States' Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon bomber

Design

The Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon was a descendent of the Ventura. The Harpoon was also the last twin finned Lockheed aircraft. Lockheed called it the Vega Model 15.

Wings

The wings were wider and could carry more fuel.

Armament

There was more armament.

The bomb bay was larger.

Tail

The fins and rudders were larger. The tail plane was redesigned.

Prototype

The first PV-2 flew on December 3, 1943.

Production

The United States Navy ordered 500 in / on June 1943 / June 30, 1943. Deliveries started in March 1944. Production lasted until 1945.

  • Lockheed PV-2: 500
  • Lockheed PV-2D: 35
  • Total: 533, 535
    • Manufacturer: Lockheed Aircraft Company
    • Production: 1944 - 1945

Variants

  • Lockheed PV-2:
  • Lockheed PV-2C: The first 30 Harpoons were recalled as they had skin wrinkling and fuel tank leaks. These were turned into trainers.
  • Lockheed PV-2D: Eight 0.5" machine guns in the nose. Orders were cancelled after VJ Day.
  • Lockheed PV-2T: Trainer. Unarmed.

Usage

The United States Navy used the Harpoons mostly in the Pacific attacking ships and ground targets during the last year of World War II.

Post World War II

Many of the Harpoons were used in eleven United States Navy Reserve Units.

Surplus Harpoons were supplied to Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Peru, and Portugal.

Specifications

  Lockheed PV-2 Harpoon
Type Maritime patrol, Patrol bomber, Reconnaissance
Crew 4 - 5
Pilot, navigator / bomb aimer, radio operator / gunner, turret gunner
Engine (Type) 2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp
2: Pratt & Whitney R-2800-31 Double Wasp
Cylinders Radial 18
Cooling Air
HP 2,000 each
Propeller blades 3 each
Dimensions  
Span 74' 11", 75'
22.86 m
Length 52'
15.85 m
Height 11' 11", 13' 3"
4.04 m
Wing area  
Weight  
Empty 21,028 lb
9,538 kg
Loaded 36,000 lb
16,330 kg
Performance  
Speed at sea level 271 mph
436 kph
Speed @ 13,700' /
4,175 m
282 mph
454 kph
Cruising speed 171 mph
275 kph
Climb 1,630'/minute
497 m/minute
Service ceiling 23,900'
7,285 m
Range 1,790 miles
2,880 km
Maximum range 2,930 miles
4,715 km
Armament 9: MG
Nose 5: 0.5" MG
2: 12.7 mm MG
Dorsal turret 2: 0.5" MG
2: 12.7 mm MG
Ventral position 2: 0.5" MG
1: 12.7 mm MG
Under nose 3: 12.7 mm MG
Bomb-bay - bombs 3,000 lb, 3,990 lb, 4,000 lb
1,814 kg, 1,816 kg
OR  
Torpedo 1: 1,800 lb
1: 816 kg
Under wings 2,000 lb
907 kg
8: 127 mm high velocity aerial rockets (HVAR)
2: 150 gallon drop tanks
2: 587 liter drop tanks

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, General Editor: Jim Winchester, 2004
  2. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  3. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site