In 1943 it was decided to use the B-29s only in the Pacific against the Japanese.
First use in China and India
The XX Bomber Command used the B-29s first from China and India. The B-29 equipped four groups.
The 58th Very Heavy Bombardment Wing received the first YB-29s in July 1943. B-29-BWs arrived three months later.
On June 5, 1944 the first raid on Bangkok was conducted by four groups that had moved to India in early 1944. On June 15, 1944 the B-29s bombed the Japanese mainland.
Mariana Island Bases
B-29s started missions from the Mariana Islands in October 1944.
2nd Tokyo Raid
On November 24, 1944, B-29s attacked Tokyo for the first time since the Doolittle raid in 1942.
Low Level Raids
The bombing campaign against mainland Japan wasn't very success by attacking from high level raids. On March 9, 1945 the raids were switch to low-level incendiary raids.
The 393rd Bomb Squadron dropped an atomic bomb ("Little Boy") on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, at 8:15 AM from the "Enola Gay." On August 9, 1945 Fat Boy was dropped on Nagasaki by the "Bockscar".
Only the F-86 Sabre shot down more enemy aircraft than the B-29.
Usage by the United Kingdom
Was called the Washington. 88 were flown by the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Usage by Russia
Three B-29s had crashed in Russian territory in 1944. The Tu-4 bomber was copied from the B-29 by the Tupolev design bureau.
End of Service
The B-29s were finally withdrawn from active service in the late 1950s.