World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
United States' flag United States' Army Air Corps aircraft marking

United States' Grumman J2F Duck floatplane

Photos

  • Grumman J2F-3
  • Grumman J2F-4 Duck
  • Grumman J2F-4 Duck
  • Grumman J2F-4 Duck video

Design

Leroy Grumman designed the Grumman J2F in 1932 to be a replacement for the Loening amphibians in service with the United States Navy.1

The J2F had a central hull with floats on the wings to stabilize.2 There was also retractable landing gear.2

Prototype

The XJF-1 prototype first flew on April 24, 1933 / May 19332.1

Production

Production started in April 1934.1 Deliveries began at the end of 1934.1

The order for the J2F-6 was placed after the attack on Pearl Harbor.2

  • Grumman XJF-1: 11
  • Grumman JF-1: 271
  • Grumman JF-2: 231
  • Grumman JF-3: 51
  • Grumman J2F-1: 202, 291
  • Grumman J2F-2: 212, 301
  • Grumman J2F-3: 201,2
  • Grumman J2F-4: 321,2
  • Grumman J2F-5: 1441,2
  • Grumman J2F-6: 3301,2
  • Total: 6411

Variants

  • Grumman XJF-1: Prototype.1 Pratt & Whitney R-1535-52 engine.1
  • Grumman JF-1: Production model.1
  • Grumman JF-2: Wright Cyclone engine.1
  • Grumman JF-3:
  • Grumman J2F-1: Inter aileron struts removed.1
  • Grumman J2F-2:
  • Grumman J2F-2A: United States Marine Corps modified to carry a machine gun and bomb racks.1
  • Grumman J2F-3:
  • Grumman J2F-4:
  • Grumman J2F-5: Arrived in 1940.1
  • Grumman J2F-6: Built by Columbia Aircraft.1

Usage

Argentina and the United States used the J2F Duck.1

Argentina

Argentina received 23 JF-2s.1

Specifications

  Grumman J2F Duck
Type Utility amphibian1
Crew 2 - 31
Dimensions  
Span 39'1
11.89 m1
Length 34'1
10.36 m1
Height 12' 4"1
3.76 m1
Armament  
Rear cockpit 1: 0.303" MG1
Bombs - under wings 2: 100 lb1
2: 45 kg1
  Grumman J2F-1 Duck
Engine (Type) Wright R-1820-102 Cyclone1
Cylinders Radial 91
HP 7501
Propeller blades 31
  Grumman J2F-2 Duck
Engine (Type) Wright R-1820-102 Cyclone1
Cylinders Radial 91
HP 7501
Propeller blades 31
  Grumman J2F-4 Duck
Type Mapping, Photography, Air-Sea Rescue, Target Towing3
Engine (Type) 1: Wright Cyclone3
Cylinders Radial3
HP 7503
Dimensions  
Span 39'3
Length 34'3
Height 12' 4"3
Weight  
Loaded 6,170 lb3
Performance  
Speed 180 mph3
Range 780 miles3
  Grumman J2F-5 Duck
Type Liaison2
Crew 22
Engine (Type) Wright R-1820-50 Cyclone1,2
Cylinders Radial 92
Cooling Air2
HP 8502, 9501
Propeller blades 31
Dimensions  
Span 39'2
Length 34'2
Height 15' 1"2
Weight  
Empty 4,300 lb1
1,950 kg1
Loaded 6,711 lb1,2
3,044 kg1
Performance  
Speed 188 mph1,2
303 kph1
Cruising speed 150 mph1
241 kph1
Climb 1,500'/minute1
457 m/minute1
Service ceiling 27,000'1,2
8,230 m1
Range 780 miles1,2
1,255 km1
Armament None2
  Grumman J2F-6 Duck
Engine (Type) Wright R-1820-54 Cyclone1
HP 1,0501
Propeller blades 31
Weight  
Empty 5,445 lb1
2,470 kg1
Loaded 7,700 lb1
3,493 kg1
  Grumman JF-1 Duck
Engine (Type) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-62 Twin Wasp1
Cylinders Radial 141
HP 7001
Propeller blades 31
  Grumman JF-2 Duck
Engine (Type) Wright R-1820-102 Cyclone1
Cylinders Radial 91
HP 7501
Propeller blades 31
  Grumman JF-3 Duck
Engine (Type) Wright R-1820-102 Cyclone1
Cylinders Radial 91
HP 7501
Propeller blades 31

Sources:

  1. Aircraft of WWII, Stewart Wilson, 1998
  2. World War II Airplanes Volume 2, Enzo Angelucci, Paolo Matricardi, 1976
  3. Aeronautics Aircraft Spotters' Handbook, Ensign L. C. Guthman, 1943
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site