Leroy Grumman designed the Grumman J2F in 1932 to be a replacement for the Loening amphibians in service with the United States Navy.
The J2F had a central hull with floats on the wings to stabilize. There was also retractable landing gear.
The XJF-1 prototype first flew on April 24, 1933 / May 1933.
Production started in April 1934. Deliveries began at the end of 1934.
The order for the J2F-6 was placed after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Argentina and the United States used the J2F Duck.
Argentina received 23 JF-2s.