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Soviet Union's Flag

Soviet Union's SU-152 self propelled guns
Samokhodnaya Ustanovka (self propelled mounting)
Nickname: "Zvierboy" (animal hunter)

Design

The SU-152 used a KV-1 chassis.

The cartridge and shell were loaded separately, thus making the rate of fire 2-3 per minute. The SU-152 had a KT-5 or ST-10 telescopic sight.

Type Weight Muzzle Velocity Direct
Fire Range
Indirect
Fire Range
Penetration
2,000 m
  39.94 - 43.56 kg 2,149'/sec
600 - 900 m/sec, 655 m/sec
700 - 750 m 12,200 m 110 mm

Prototype

Prototypes were built at the Uralmash factory in Chelyabinsk and initially designated the KV-14.

Production

The SU-152 was accepted for production on February 14, 1943.

  • SU-152: 704
    • Production: 1943

Variants

  • KV-12: Prototype. Mounted 203 mm B-4 Model 1931 howitzer.
  • KV-13: Prototype. Had 152 mm ML-20.
  • KV-14: Prototype. Became the SU-152.
  • SU-122: Self propelled gun.

Usage

First 12 saw action at Kursk and was quite successful at destroying German Tigers and Panthers (12 Tigers, 7 Elefants).

Was used as an assault tank and tank destroyer.

Used by the heavy self-propelled gun regiments of the armored and mechanized corps.

Specifications

  SU-152
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 101,920 lb
45.5 tons, 50.1 tons
45,500 kg
Length w/gun 29' 4", 29' 10"
8.95 m
Length w/o gun 6.75 m
Height 8' , 8' 2"
2.45 m
Width 10' 8", 10' 10"
3.25 m
Ground clearance 0.44 m
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.85 kp/cm2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 152 mm howitzer M-1937
152.4 mm 1937/43 (ML-20 S)
152 mm ML-20S
152 mm
152 mm ML-20
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 20
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 2.95"
75
Hull Front, Upper 60-75
60
Hull Front, Lower 50-60
Hull Sides, Upper 50, 60
Hull Sides, Lower 60
Hull Rear 55-60, 60
Hull Top 20-30, 30
Hull Bottom 30
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) W-2-K, V-2
Bore / stroke 4 stroke
Cylinders V-12
Net HP 600, 600@2,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio 13.2 hp/ton
Transmission  
Fuel type Diesel
Octane  
Quantity 600-615 liters, 975 liters
214 gallons
Performance  
Traverse 12° each way
Speed - Road 27 mph
43 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 206 miles, 205 miles, 150 miles
120-330 km, 240 km
Range - Cross Country 75 miles
120 km
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits -5° to +18°
Fording depth 1.6 m
Trench crossing 2.7 m
Vertical Obstacle 1.2 m
Climbing ability 36°
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. Removed
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site