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Soviet Union's Flag

Soviet Union's ISU-152 self propelled gun,
JSU-152 self propelled gun:
Samokhodnaya Ustanovka
(self propelled mounting)

Photos

ISU-152
Soviet Union's ISU-152 Self Propelled Gun
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The ammunition used in the ISU-152 was very large and only 20 rounds could be carried.4 Ammunition carriers had to keep the ISU-152 constantly supplied with ammunition.4

Type Weight Muzzle Velocity Direct
Fire Range
Indirect
Fire Range
Penetration
500 m
HE 96 lb1
43.4 kg1
2,149'/sec5   8,960 m, 10,000 m1
10,935 yards1
 
AP 107 lb        

Production

  • ISU-152:
    • Production: 19445
    • Manufacturer: Soviet arsenals5
  • ISU-122 and ISU-152: 4,0751,2
    • 1943: 351,2
    • 1944: 2,5101,2
    • 1945: 1,5301,2

Usage

Trucks were often used to resupply the ISU-152 with ammunition in the field.6

Tank Brigades

The ISU-122 was used with the ISU-152 in 56 Independent Heavy Self-Propelled Artillery Regiments, which became Guard units after December 1944.1
The Soviet tank brigades would have 65 ISU-152s.6

Post World War II Service

The ISU-152 served until the early 1970s with the Soviet military.6

Specifications

  ISU-152
JSU-152
Crew 51,3,4,5,6
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 100,100 lb4
40.5 tons3, 41.14 tons1, 45.5 tons6, 46 tons1,5
41,140 kg3, 41,800 kg1, 45,500 kg4, 46,228 kg6
Length w/gun 29' 7"1,5, 29' 8"3,6, 32' 1.8"4
9.05 m1,3,6, 9.18 m1, 9.8 m4
Length w/o gun 22' 3.9"4
6.805 m4
Height 7' 9.5"5, 8' 1"1,3, 8' 2"6, 8' 3.2"4
2.46 m1,3, 2.48 m1,6, 2.52 m4
Width 10'1,5, 10' 1"3,6, 11' 8.2"4
3.07 m1,3,6, 3.56 m4
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 13.75"5
Ground contact length 171.25"5
Ground pressure 11.4 psi5
Armament  
Main 1: 152 mm ML-205 howitzer3
1: 152 mm ML-20S1
1: 152 mm howitzer1,4
1: 152 mm M1937/43 (ML-20S)5
1: 152 mm M-1937/43 howitzer6
Secondary  
MG - anti-aircraft 1: 0.5" DShK 1938/43 MG6
1: 12.7 mm MG4
1: 12.7 mm DShk MG3
1: 12.7 mm DShK-38 MG5
1: 12.7 mm DShK 1938/43 MG6
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 205,6
Secondary  
MG 1,0005
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 20 - 1103, 35 - 1004, 906
Hull Front, Upper 2.95"@0°5, 901
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 2.36"@0°5, 901
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 601
Hull Top 301
Hull Bottom 301
Engine (Make / Model) V2-IS3
W-2-IS6
W-2-IS, V-21,2
Model V2K5
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water5
Cylinders 126, V-124,5
Capacity  
Net HP 5204,5,6
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 4 forward, 1 reverse5
Steering Clutch and brake5
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel5,6
Octane  
Quantity 860 liters1
114 gallons + 66 gallons in auxiliary tanks5, 189 gallons1
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse ±10° each way5
Speed - Road 23 mph1,3,4,5,6
37 kph1,3,4,6
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 112 miles4,6, 132 miles5, 137 miles1, 149 miles3, 150 miles1
180 km4,6, 220 km1, 240 km1,3
Range - Cross Country 50 miles1
80 km1
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -3° to +20°5
Fording depth 4' 3.2"4, 4' 4.75"5
1.3 m4
Trench crossing 8' 2"5, 8' 6"4
2.59 m4
Vertical obstacle 3' 2"5, 3' 8"4
1.2 m4
Climbing ability 36° slope5
Suspension (Type) Torsion arm5
Wheels each side 6 steel5
Return rollers each side 35
Tracks (Type) Cast alloy steel, dry pin5
Length  
Width 25.5"5
Diameter  
Number of links 87-905
Pitch 6.25"5
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 97.25"5
  ISU-152 1944
Crew 51,2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 46 tons2
Length w/gun 9.05 - 9.18 m2
Length w/o gun 6.77 m2
Height 2.48 m2
Width 3.07 m2
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.46-0.47 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.81 - 0.82 kg/cm2 2
Armament  
Main 1: 152 mm 1937/43 ML-20 howitzer2
1: 152 mm ML-20S1
Secondary  
MG - anti-aircraft 1: 12.7 mm DSchK 38/43 AA2
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 201,2
Secondary  
MG 2502
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 752
Hull Front, Lower 60-902
Hull Sides, Upper 602
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 602
Hull Top 20-302
Hull Bottom 20-302
Engine (Make / Model) W-2-IS2
Bore / stroke 4 stroke2
Cooling  
Cylinders V-122
Capacity  
Net HP 600@2,000 rpm2
Power to weight ratio 10.9 hp/ton2
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel2
Octane  
Quantity 520-560 liters2
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 35-37 kph2
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 220 km2
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1.3-1.5 m2
Trench crossing 2.5-2.7 m2
Vertical obstacle 1-1.2 m2
Climbing ability 36°2
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
  5. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  6. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site