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Soviet Union's Flag

Soviet Union's ISU-152 self propelled gun,
JSU-152 self propelled gun:
Samokhodnaya Ustanovka
(self propelled mounting)

Photos

ISU-152
Soviet Union's ISU-152 Self Propelled Gun
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The ammunition used in the ISU-152 was very large and only 20 rounds could be carried. Ammunition carriers had to keep the ISU-152 constantly supplied with ammunition.

Type Weight Muzzle Velocity Direct
Fire Range
Indirect
Fire Range
Penetration
500 m
HE 96 lb
43.4 kg
2,149'/sec   8,960 m, 10,000 m
10,935 yards
 
AP 107 lb        

Production

  • ISU-152:
    • Production: 1944
    • Manufacturer: Soviet arsenals
  • ISU-122 and ISU-152: 4,075
    • 1943: 35
    • 1944: 2,510
    • 1945: 1,530

Usage

Trucks were often used to resupply the ISU-152 with ammunition in the field.

Tank Brigades

The ISU-122 was used with the ISU-152 in 56 Independent Heavy Self-Propelled Artillery Regiments, which became Guard units after December 1944.
The Soviet tank brigades would have 65 ISU-152s.

Post World War II Service

The ISU-152 served until the early 1970s with the Soviet military.

Specifications

  ISU-152
JSU-152
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 100,100 lb
40.5 tons, 41.14 tons, 45.5 tons, 46 tons
41,140 kg, 41,800 kg, 45,500 kg, 46,228 kg
Length w/gun 29' 7", 29' 8", 32' 1.8"
9.05 m, 9.18 m, 9.8 m
Length w/o gun 22' 3.9"
6.805 m
Height 7' 9.5", 8' 1", 8' 2", 8' 3.2"
2.46 m, 2.48 m, 2.52 m
Width 10', 10' 1", 11' 8.2"
3.07 m, 3.56 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 13.75"
Ground contact length 171.25"
Ground pressure 11.4 psi
Armament  
Main 1: 152 mm ML-205 howitzer
1: 152 mm ML-20S
1: 152 mm howitzer
1: 152 mm M1937/43 (ML-20S)
1: 152 mm M-1937/43 howitzer
Secondary  
MG - anti-aircraft 1: 0.5" DShK 1938/43 MG
1: 12.7 mm MG
1: 12.7 mm DShk MG
1: 12.7 mm DShK-38 MG
1: 12.7 mm DShK 1938/43 MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 20
Secondary  
MG 1,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 20 - 110, 35 - 100, 90
Hull Front, Upper 2.95"@0°, 90
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 2.36"@0°, 90
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 60
Hull Top 30
Hull Bottom 30
Engine (Make / Model) V2-IS
W-2-IS
W-2-IS, V-2
Model V2K
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders 12, V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 520
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) 4 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Clutch and brake
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity 860 liters
114 gallons + 66 gallons in auxiliary tanks, 189 gallons
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse ±10° each way
Speed - Road 23 mph
37 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 112 miles, 132 miles, 137 miles, 149 miles, 150 miles
180 km, 220 km, 240 km
Range - Cross Country 50 miles
80 km
Turning radius  
Elevation limits -3° to +20°
Fording depth 4' 3.2", 4' 4.75"
1.3 m
Trench crossing 8' 2", 8' 6"
2.59 m
Vertical obstacle 3' 2", 3' 8"
1.2 m
Climbing ability 36° slope
Suspension (Type) Torsion arm
Wheels each side 6 steel
Return rollers each side 3
Tracks (Type) Cast alloy steel, dry pin
Length  
Width 25.5"
Diameter  
Number of links 87-90
Pitch 6.25"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 97.25"
  ISU-152 1944
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 46 tons
Length w/gun 9.05 - 9.18 m
Length w/o gun 6.77 m
Height 2.48 m
Width 3.07 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.46-0.47 m
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.81 - 0.82 kg/cm
Armament  
Main 1: 152 mm 1937/43 ML-20 howitzer
1: 152 mm ML-20S
Secondary  
MG - anti-aircraft 1: 12.7 mm DSchK 38/43 AA
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 20
Secondary  
MG 250
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 75
Hull Front, Lower 60-90
Hull Sides, Upper 60
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 60
Hull Top 20-30
Hull Bottom 20-30
Engine (Make / Model) W-2-IS
Bore / stroke 4 stroke
Cooling  
Cylinders V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 600@2,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio 10.9 hp/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity 520-560 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 35-37 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 220 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1.3-1.5 m
Trench crossing 2.5-2.7 m
Vertical obstacle 1-1.2 m
Climbing ability 36°
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
  5. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  6. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site