World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of P-51 Mustang
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of T-34/85
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Fw-190
World War II Vehicles, Tanks and Airplanes, picture of Churchill
wwiivehicles.com ©2016
Search:
Soviet Union's Flag

Soviet Union's T-34/76 Model 1942, T-34/76B, T-34/76C, T-34 06. 42. medium tank

Photos

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60165:
Dragon Armor 60165 T-34/76 Diecast Model

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60166:
Dragon Armor 60166 T-34/76 Diecast Model
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60208:
Soviet t-34/76 Mod 1942 Cast Turret Dragon 1/72 Diecast Model

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60214:
Soviet t-34/76 Mod 1942 Cast Turret Dragon 1/72 Diecast Model
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60224:
Dragon Armor 60224 T-34/76 Diecast Model

Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60237:
Dragon Diecast 1/72 Armor, 60237 Soviet T-34/76
Easy Models 1/72 model, 36264:

Design

There were three compartments, the driver's, fighting area, and the engine.

Crew

The driver sat on the left with the hull gunner / radio operator on the right. The seats were padded with arms and the back rests folded but they weren't adjustable.

The driver had his clutch pedal on the left, the foot brake in the center, and the accelerator on the right. The steering levers were on each side with the gear changing lever to the right. There were two vertically mounted episcopes in the access hatch. The optic glass was rather poor so visibility was poor when the door was closed.

The hull gunner's machine gun was mounted on an armored hood with an internal ball. To the left of the seats were ammunition drums containing the ammunition for the machine gun. The company commander's tank contained radio equipment that was located to the right of the gunner in a pannier. In the floor in front of the hull gunner was an escape hatch.

The commander/gunner sat on the left in the turret and the loader on the right with the breech between them. The seats had backrests and could be adjusted. There was a steel tube that went around the breech that had a canvas bag to catch the shells.

The commander had a periscope in front of him to site the gun and a hand wheel to the left to traverse the turret. Unfortunately this forces many commanders to reach across their bodies with their right hands to operate it. There was a power traverse control on top of the motor casing on the gunner's left. There was a hand wheel that controlled the elevation of the gun to the right of the commander.

Turret

The new turret for the T-34/76 Model 1942 weighed 4.32 tons. Its ring diameter was 4.6' / 1.38 m. The turret was cast hexagonal in shape and could hold two crew members. There were some rolled plates in the roof of the turret.

At the rear of the turret was an armored plate that had a set of screws holding it in place. Some feel that it was intended to carry a machine gun in the rear of the turret but they were never installed or it may have been used to install the main gun.

In the room was a large hatch that opened towards the front. When the hatch was open it not only exposed much of the interior of the T-34 but it forced the commander to peer around it to see.

There were two episcopes in the side walls of the turret, one for the commander and the other for the loader. Below these were pistol ports. It was closed by a steel plug that had to have a hard blow to open. There was another pistol port in the rear wall of the turret, but typically, machine gun magazines blocked its use.

A few models had a small hatch above the loader to be used for a signal flag.

Most of the ports were not installed in later versions of the turret to simplify production.

The seats were secured to the turret ring and rotated with the turret.

Main Armament

The gun's breech mechanism was either hand or semi-automatically operated.

There were four cast iron blocks (~168 lbs.) that were on the underside of the cradle to reduce muzzle heaviness, however, crews still reported muzzle heaviness when in use.

The 76.2 mm gun could be fired by foot or by hand.

Machine Guns

The 7.62 mm MG was designed by V. A. Degtyarev in the 1930s. The machine gun was gas operated and had a drum type magazine that could hold 63 rounds. The DT MG could fire about 600 rounds a minute at a sighted range of 1,000 m. The machine gun could be removed from the tank and used as there was a bipod included in storage.

Suspension

The suspension was derived from the original Christie design with the wheels independently sprung. The tracks had guide horns which ran between the pairs of wheels and this made it so no return rollers were needed.

On the leading wheels there were two coil springs and these were housed inside the hull plates.

The track pins were rounded on the inside facing side. This allowed for no retention device being need to keep them in place as there was a plate at the rear hull of the tank that when the pins started to work their way out, they would hit against the plate and be driven back in.

Towing

There were two towing / lifting hooks welded to the front plate. There were two towing eyes near the bottom of the rear hull. There were usually two towing cables attached to the hull.

Other Improvements

Some models had a commander's cupola added. A few had welded turrets. There were also improvements in the range, air filters, transmission, and in the techniques to produce them.

Variants

  • T-34/76C: Turret larger with two hatches in the roof.

Specifications

  T-34/76B, T-34/76 C, T-34/76 1942
Crew Commander/gunner, loader, driver, hull gunner/radio operator
4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 26.3 tons, 27 tons, 28.5 tons, 30 tons, 30.2 tons, 30.9 tons
31,390 kg, 26,720 kg
Length w/gun

20' 3", 21.6', 21' 7", 24.65'
6.1 m, 6.19 m, 6.58 m

Length w/o gun 19' 11", 20'
5.92 m, 6.09 m, 6.1 m
Height 7' 10", 8', 8.45', 8' 5"
2.39 m, 2.45 m, 2.57 m
Width 9' 7", 9.8', 9' 9", 9' 10"
2.92 m, 2.98 m, 3 m
Width over tracks 9' 6"
Ground clearance 1' 4"
0.4 m
Ground contact length 12.2'
Ground pressure 9.1 psi, 10 psi
0.64 kg/cm2, 0.68 kg/(cm)
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 76.2 mm F-34 1942 L/41.2
76.2 mm
76.2 mm L/41.2
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.62 mm MG
2: 7.62 mm DT MG
2: 7.62 mm MG
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm Degtaryev DT MG
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm Degtaryev DT MG
Side arms Hand grenades, Pistols
Quantity  
Main 45, 76, 77
19 AP: BR-350A
53 HE: F-354 or OF-350
5 Canister: SH-350
77 (AP, HE, Shrapnel), 100
Secondary  
MG 2,000 - 3,000, 2,394, 2,400, 3,150-3,600
Side arms Hand grenades: 20
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 47 @ 60°
47, 60
Hull Front, Lower 45 @ 60°
Hull Sides, Upper 40-45
45 @ 41°
Hull Sides, Lower 47 @ 90°
Hull Rear 20 @ 90°, 45
Hull Top 15 - 20, 18 - 22, 19, 20 , 20@90
Hull Bottom 15 - 20, 18 - 22
Turret Front 20 - 70, 60, 65
Mantlet: 20-46 curved
Turret Sides 52, 65
Turret Rear 30@90°, 47, 52
Turret Top 15 @ 85°, 16, 19
Engine (Make / Model) V2, V-2-34, W-2-34
Bore / stroke 4 stroke
Cooling Water
Cylinders 12, V-12
Capacity 38.9 liters
Net HP 500, 500@1,800 rpm
Power to weight ratio 17.5 hp/ton, 17.9 bhp/ton
Compression ratio 15:1 articulated rods, 15.8:1 master rods
Transmission (Type) Dry multi-plate main clutch, mechanical gearbox
4 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Clutch and brake
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system 24 volt starter
12 volt lighting
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Quantity 135 gallons, 177 gallons; 2 fuel tanks: 45 liter each, 11.8 gallons each
540 liters, 673 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°, electric or hand
24°/sec
Speed - Road 25 mph, 30 mph, 31 mph, 32 mph
40 kph, 53 kph, 50 kph
Speed - Cross Country 25 mph
40 kph
Range - Road 170 - 260 miles, 190 miles, 268 miles, 270 miles, 280 miles
300 km, 400 km, 432 km
Range - Cross Country 120 - 220 miles, 228 miles
368 km
Turning radius 25'
Elevation limits -3° to + 30°
Fording depth 4.3', 4' 6"
1.12 m, 1.31 m
Trench crossing 8.2', 9' 8"
Vertical obstacle 2' 4"
0.9 m
Climbing ability 35°
Suspension (Type) Christie, coil springs
Wheels each side 5 pairs, rubber tired
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type) Cast manganese steel
Length  
Width 1' 7 ", 1' 7.1"
Diameter  
Number of links 72
Pitch 6 7/8"
Tire tread Rubber
Track centers/tread 8' 1"
Track contact 12' 2"

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  5. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  6. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  7. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  8. Profile AFV Weapons, #47, Russian T34, by J. M. Brereton, Major Michael Norman, RTR, 1972
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site