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Soviet Union's T-34/76 Model 1940, T-34/76A, T-34 06. 40. medium tank

Photos

T-34/76 Model 1940 Medium Tank:
Soviet Union's T-34/76 Model 1940 Medium Tank
RAC Tank Museum
T-34/76 Model 1940 Medium Tank:
Soviet Union's T-34/76 Model 1940 Medium Tank
Imperial War Museum
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60134:
Dragon Armor 60134 T-34/76 Diecast Model
Dragon Armor 1/72 model, 60149:
Dragon Armor 60149 T-34/76 Diecast Model

Design

Had solid rubber tires around disc wheels.

Main Armament

The T-34/76 Model 1940 had a 76.2 mm L/30.3 Model 1938 tank gun mounted in a mount shaped like a pigs head. The first 115 vehicles had a 7.62 mm DT Model 1940 machine gun installed.

Transmission

The transmission was very unreliable and often, when available, a spare transmission was strapped to the engine deck.

Turret

The T-34/76 Model 1940 had a hatch the covered the entire rear of the turret. First models had 2 man turret that didn't provide vision devices or a cupola for the commander.

Suspension

The T-34/76 Model 1940s mostly had steel tires around the road wheels.

Production

  • T-34/76A, T-34/76 Model 1940:
    • Production: 1940 - ?

Variants

  • T-34/76A, T-34/76 Model 1940:
  • ?: A very small number of T-34/76 Model 1940s had a 57 mm ZiS-4 long barrel led gun installed.

Usage

German Invasion

The armor was found by the Germans to be nearly impervious to the majority of Germany's weapons. However, it was found that the Germans could place a Teller mine under the rear overhang of the turret and destroy the T-34.

Specifications

  T-34/76 A, T-34/76 1940
Crew Command/gunner, loader, driver, hull gunner/radio operator
4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 26 tons, 26.3 tons, 30.9 tons
31,390 kg
Length 19' 5.1", 20', 20' - 22', 21.6'
5.92 m, 6.09 m
Height 8', 8' 5"
2.4 m, 2.44 m, 2.57 m
Width 9' 5.5", 9' 10", 9.8'
2.89 m, 3 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.4 m
Ground contact length 12.2'
Ground pressure 9.1 psi
0.64 kg/cm
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 76.2 mm L-11 Model 1938 L/30.5
1: 76.2 mm L-11 1939
1: 76.2 mm
1: 76.2 mm L/30
1: 76.2 mm L/30.5
1: 76.2 mm Model 1938, L/30.5
1: 76.2 mm L/41
OR 1: 57 mm ZiS-4
Secondary  
MG 2 or 3: 7.62 mm DT MG
2 or 3: MG
2: 7.62 mm MG
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 76, 77
19 AP: BR-350A
53 HE: F-354 or OF-350
5 Canister: SH-350
Secondary  
MG 2,394, 2,898-4,725
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 14 - 45, 18 - 60, 45, 65
Hull Front, Upper 45
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 40 - 45, 45
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 40
Hull Top 15 - 20, 15 - 22
Hull Bottom 15 - 20, 15 - 22
Turret Front 16 - 45, 45
Turret Sides 45
Turret Rear 45
Turret Top 16
Engine (Make / Model) V-2-34, W-2-34
Bore / stroke 4 stroke
Cooling  
Cylinders 12, V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 500, 500@1,800 rpm
Power to weight ratio 17.9 hp/ton, 19 hp/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity 540 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 25 mph, 31 mph, 32 mph, 34 mph
40 kph, 53 kph, 55 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 115 miles, 118 - 280 miles, 190 miles, 267.2 miles
186 km, 400 km, 430 km
Range - Cross Country 130 - 240 miles
Turning radius  
Elevation Limits -5° to +30°
Fording depth 4' 6"
1.37 m, 1.22 m
Trench crossing 9' 8"
2.95 m, 2.5 m
Vertical obstacle 2' 4"
0.71 m, 0.9 m
Climbing ability 35°
Suspension (Type) Christie, coil springs
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width 1' 7.1"
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. Armour in Profile #9: T-34/76, J. M. Brereton, ?
  4. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  5. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  6. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  7. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  8. Profile AFV Weapons, #47, Russian T34, by J. M. Brereton, Major Michael Norman, RTR, 1972
  9. World War I and II Tanks, George Forty, 2012
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site