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Soviet Union's T-80 light tank

Design

The T-80's designer was N. A. Astrov.4 The T-80 was based on the T-70.2 Armor was increased.2

The T-80's track was wider and the suspension stronger than the T-70.4

Crew

The T-80 had a crew of three.2,3,4 This allowed for the commander and gunner to be in the turret.4

Production

  • T-80: 1203
    • Production: 19433

Specifications

  T-802,3
Crew 31,2,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 11.6 tons1,2,3
Length 14' 8"1, 15.49'2
4.42 m3
Height 7.15'2, 7' 3"1
2.18 m3
Width 8' 4"1, 8.47'2
2.5 m3
Ground clearance 0.3 m3
Ground contact length 10' 3"2
Ground pressure 0.83 kp/cm2 3
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 45 mm L/46 A/TK2
45 mm 19383
Secondary  
MG MG2
1: 7.62 mm DT MG3
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 942,3
Secondary  
MG 1,0082,3
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Turret: 601
Hull Front, Upper 502,3
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 16 - 252,3
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 16 - 253
Hull Top 10 - 153, 152
Hull Bottom 10 - 153, 152
Turret Front 20 - 702, 603
Turret Sides 353
Turret Rear 353
Turret Top 103
Engine (Make / Model) 2: GAZ-2032,3
Bore / stroke 4 stroke3
Cylinders 2 x 62, 2 x I-63
Net HP 2 x 851,2,3
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline3
Octane  
Capacity 480 liters3
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 25 mph2
45 kph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 200 miles2
320 km3
Range - Cross Country 145 miles2
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits +60°3
Fording depth 0.9 m3
Trench crossing 1.8 m3
Vertical Obstacle 0.65 m3
Climbing ability 34°3
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 1' 5.5"2
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  2. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  3. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  4. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site