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Soviet Union's T-26A, T-26 Model 1931 light tank

Variants

  • T-26 A, T-26 Model 1931: First produced between 1931 and 1933. It was very close to the Vickers Type A.
  • T-26A-1: First British tank to arrive in Russia and was designated this.
  • T-26A-2, T-26A-3, T-26A-4, T-26A-5: Twin turret.
  • T-26A1: There was a water cooled MG in each turret.
  • T-26A2: There was an air cooled MG in each turret.
  • T-26A5: Two turrets with a long 37 mm in the right turret and an air cooled MG in the left turret.
  • T-26V: Main commander's version of A-4 or A-5. Originally had left turret removed. There was a frame aerial on the hull.
  • OT-26: (Ognemetnig Tank "flamethrower tank") Flame-thrower placed in right-hand turret with left-hand turret being removed. Based on T-26A. Some later models kept main gun. The oil tanks and compressed air bottles were in the hull on the left. It could fire about 70 1-second bursts up to 25 / 35 meters. Approximately 500 were built from 1933 on.
  • ST-26: (Saperskiy Tank "engineer tank") Bridge carrying version converted from the 1931 model T-26. Carried a seven meter wheel channel bridge and its weight limit was 14 tons. Another version was intended to be driven into a ditch and it would extend its 3.5 meter bridge. It had to be followed by another tank to tow it out of the ditch. These were built in Leningrad in 1934.

Specifications

  T-26 A
Crew

3

Physical Characteristics  
Weight 7 - 8.5 tons
Length 15.76'
Height 6' 9"
Width 7.85'
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length 9' 9"
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main A-1: 2: Vickers MG, 2: water cooled MG
A-2: 2: 7.62 mm MG, 2: air cooled MG
A-3: 12.7 mm (right turret), 7.62 mm MG
A-4: 27 mm (right turret), 7.62 mm MG
A-5: 37 mm (right turret), 7.62 mm MG, air cooled MG
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 15
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 15
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top 6 - 10
Hull Bottom 6 - 10
Turret Front 6 - 15
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ T-26
Bore / stroke  
Cylinders 8
Net HP 88 - 91
Power to weight ratio  
Transmission  
Fuel type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 22 mph
Speed - Cross Country 12.4 mph
Range - Road 87 miles
Range - Cross Country 60 miles
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width 10.2"
Track centers/tread  
  T-26 1931
Crew

3

Physical Characteristics  
Weight 8.6 tons
Length 4.88 m
Height 2.08 m
Width

2.41 m

Ground clearance 0.38 m
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.55 kg/(cm)
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 2: 7.62 mm DT MG
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 6,000
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm)  
Hull Front, Upper 15
Hull Front, Lower 15
Hull Sides, Upper 15
Hull Sides, Lower 15
Hull Rear 15
Hull Top 10
Hull Bottom 6
Turret Front 15
Turret Sides 15
Turret Rear 15
Turret Top 10
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ T-26
Bore / stroke 4 stroke
Cylinders 4
Net HP 91@2,200 rpm
Power to weight ratio 10.4 HP/ton
Transmission 5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel type Gasoline
Octane  
Capacity 182 liters
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road

30 - 32 kph

Speed - Cross Country 12.4 mph
Range - Road 160 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning Radius  
Elevation Limits  
Fording depth 0.9 m
Trench crossing 1.8 - 2 m
Vertical Obstacle 0.75 m
Climbing ability 32°
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Track length  
Tires  
Track width  
Track centers/tread  

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  5. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972 -
  6. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
  7. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site