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Soviet Union's KV-1 Model 1942, KV-1C heavy tank

Design

The KV-1C started production in 1942. Full cast turret with armor up to 120 mm. Hull was up to 90 mm. A 600 hp engine was installed. 47 tons.

The 76.2 mm gun fired a 14.3 lb AP round at a muzzle velocity of 2,172'/sec.5

Production

  • KV-1C:
    • Manufacturer: Kirov5

Specifications

  KV-1 19422
Crew 52,3
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 103,617 lb
48 tons2, 42.3 tons3, 43,000 kg3
1C: 105,300 lb
Length 22' 3", 21' 11"3, 6.68 m3, 6.25 m2
Height 2.75 m2, 8' 11"3, 2.71 m3
Width 10' 11"3, 3.32 m3, 3.25 m2
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.45 m2
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.8 kg/cm2 2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main

76.2 mm 1940 F-342
76.2 mm ZiS-5 L/413

Secondary  
MG 3: 7.62 mm DT MG2,
1: 7.62 mm DT MG, sometimes commander's cupola3
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm DT MG3
MG - turret rear 1: 7.62 mm DT MG3
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm DT MG3
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 111-1142
Secondary  
MG 3,0242
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 30-753
Hull Front, Upper 1002, 1101
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 90-1302
Hull Sides, Lower 90
Hull Rear 752, 60-751
Hull Top 30-402
301
Hull Bottom 301, 15-202
Turret Front 1201,2
Turret Sides 1201,2
Turret Rear 901, 1202
Turret Top 401,2
Engine (Make / Model) V2K3, W-2-K2
Bore / stroke 4 stroke2
Cooling  
Cylinders V-122
Capacity  
Net HP 600@2,000 rpm2
Power to weight ratio 12.5 hp/ton2
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel2
Octane  
Quantity 600-615 liters2
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 29 kph2
35 kph3, 21.7 mph3
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km1,2, 150 km3
93 miles3, 155 miles1
Range - Cross Country 180 km1,
112 miles1
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1.45-1.6 m2
Trench crossing 2.8 m2
Vertical obstacle 0.9-1.2 m2
Climbing ability 36°2
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  KV-1C
Crew 54,5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 105,300 lb
47 tons6, 48 tons7, 49 tons4, 52 tons5
Length 22'5
Height 9'5
Width 10.8'5
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 16"5
Ground contact length 13.8'4, 14' 11"5
Ground pressure 10.5 psi5
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 76.2 mm Model 1940, L/41.54,5
Secondary  
MG 3: MG4
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm DT MG5
MG - turret rear 1: 7.62 mm DT MG5
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm DT MG5
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 1115, 1144
Secondary  
MG 3,0244,5
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Front: 3.5"+1.4"5
Side: 3"5
Hull Front, Upper 75+55, 1104
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 90 - 1104
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top 35 - 404
Hull Bottom 35 - 404
Turret Front 4.5"5
40 - 1204
Mantlet: 3.3"5
Turret Sides 3"5
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) V-2K4
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water5
Cylinders 124, V-125
Capacity  
Net HP 5504, 600@2,000 rpm5
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Trimobile type5
5 forward, 1 reverse5
Steering Clutch brake5
Steering ratio  
Starter Air and electric5
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel4,5
Octane  
Quantity 159 gallons5
Road consumption 1.3 mpg5
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Hand and electric5
Speed - Road 18.4 mph4, 22 mph5
Speed - Cross Country 8-11 mph5
Range - Road 156 miles4, 208 miles5
Range - Cross Country 110 miles4, 124 miles5
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 60"5
Trench crossing 12'5
Vertical obstacle 35.5"5
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Torsion bar5
Wheels each side 65
Return rollers each side 35
Tracks (Type) Dry pin5
Length  
Width 2' 3.5"4, 2' 3.75"5
Diameter  
Number of links 865
Pitch 6.5"5
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8.6'5

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  5. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  6. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  7. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site