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Soviet Union's KV-1 Model 1942, KV-1C heavy tank

Design

The KV-1C started production in 1942. Full cast turret with armor up to 120 mm. Hull was up to 90 mm. A 600 hp engine was installed. 47 tons.

The 76.2 mm gun fired a 14.3 lb AP round at a muzzle velocity of 2,172'/sec.

Production

  • KV-1C:
    • Manufacturer: Kirov

Specifications

  KV-1 1942
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 103,617 lb
48 tons, 42.3 tons, 43,000 kg
1C: 105,300 lb
Length 22' 3", 21' 11", 6.68 m, 6.25 m
Height 2.75 m, 8' 11", 2.71 m
Width 10' 11", 3.32 m, 3.25 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 0.45 m
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure 0.8 kg/cm2
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main

76.2 mm 1940 F-34
76.2 mm ZiS-5 L/41

Secondary  
MG 3: 7.62 mm DT MG,
1: 7.62 mm DT MG, sometimes commander's cupola
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
MG - turret rear 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 111-114
Secondary  
MG 3,024
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 30-75
Hull Front, Upper 100, 110
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 90-130
Hull Sides, Lower 90
Hull Rear 75, 60-75
Hull Top 30-40
30
Hull Bottom 30, 15-20
Turret Front 120
Turret Sides 120
Turret Rear 90, 120
Turret Top 40
Engine (Make / Model) V2K, W-2-K
Bore / stroke 4 stroke
Cooling  
Cylinders V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 600@2,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio 12.5 hp/ton
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity 600-615 liters
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 29 kph
35 kph, 21.7 mph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 250 km, 150 km
93 miles, 155 miles
Range - Cross Country 180 km,
112 miles
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1.45-1.6 m
Trench crossing 2.8 m
Vertical obstacle 0.9-1.2 m
Climbing ability 36°
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Length  
Width  
Diameter  
Number of links  
Pitch  
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread  
  KV-1C
Crew 5
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 105,300 lb
47 tons, 48 tons, 49 tons, 52 tons
Length 22'
Height 9'
Width 10.8'
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 16"
Ground contact length 13.8', 14' 11"
Ground pressure 10.5 psi
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 76.2 mm Model 1940, L/41.5
Secondary  
MG 3: MG
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
MG - turret rear 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm DT MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 111, 114
Secondary  
MG 3,024
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) Front: 3.5"+1.4"
Side: 3"
Hull Front, Upper 75+55, 110
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 90 - 110
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top 35 - 40
Hull Bottom 35 - 40
Turret Front 4.5"
40 - 120
Mantlet: 3.3"
Turret Sides 3"
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) V-2K
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders 12, V-12
Capacity  
Net HP 550, 600@2,000 rpm
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Trimobile type
5 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Clutch brake
Steering ratio  
Starter Air and electric
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Diesel
Octane  
Quantity 159 gallons
Road consumption 1.3 mpg
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Hand and electric
Speed - Road 18.4 mph, 22 mph
Speed - Cross Country 8-11 mph
Range - Road 156 miles, 208 miles
Range - Cross Country 110 miles, 124 miles
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 60"
Trench crossing 12'
Vertical obstacle 35.5"
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type) Torsion bar
Wheels each side 6
Return rollers each side 3
Tracks (Type) Dry pin
Length  
Width 2' 3.5", 2' 3.75"
Diameter  
Number of links 86
Pitch 6.5"
Tire tread  
Track centers/tread 8.6'

Sources:

  1. Russian Tanks of World War II Stalin's Armored Might, by Tim Bean & Will Fowler, 2002
  2. Russian Tanks and Armored Vehicles 1917-1945, by Wolfgang Fleischer, 1999
  3. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  4. Airfix Magazine Guide 22 Russian Tanks of World War 2, John Milsom and Steve Zaloga, 1977
  5. Tank Data, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, 1968?
  6. Tanks of the World, 1915-1945, Peter Chamberlain, Chris Ellis, 1972
  7. Tanks of World War II, Duncan Crow, 1979
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site