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Soviet Union's Flag

Soviet Union's BA-64 armored car
Nickname: "Bobik"

Photos

BA-64
Soviet Union's BA-64 armored car
Aberdeen Tank Museum

Design

The GAZ works designed the first new armored car of World War II, the BA-64. It was based on the GAZ 64 Jeep.

Most used Soviet armored car. The engine was a copy of the Ford Model "A".

Some field modifications had the MG replaced by a 14.5 mm PTRD antitank rifle.

Production

Produced at the GAZ works.

  • BA-64: 3,500
    • 1943: Soviet Arsenals
    • End of 1941 - early 1942
  • BA-64B:
    • 1943
  • Total: 9,110

Variants

  • BA-64:
  • BA-64B: MG was put into a turret. Based on new GAZ jeep. Chassis was wider and more reliable. All welded. Armor plates were slanted more to deflect shells. Four wheel drive.
  • BA-64 with DShK 1938 MG: Mounted 12.7 mm MG on top of existing open turret. Small number built during 1944.
  • BA-64?: Prototype troop carrier. Could carry six soldiers.
  • BA-64?: Command car. Turret was removed and frames built on top that help a radio and map boards.
  • BA-64?: Skiing half track?. Front wheels replaced with skis. Rear wheels replaced with Kegresse half track.

Usage

Post World War II

The BA-64 remained in service with the Soviet military until 1956. Some countries used them even later.

Korean War

Some BA-64s saw combat in the Korean War.

Specifications

  BA-64
Crew Commander, driver
2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 5,286 lb
2.36 tons, 2.4 tons, 2.5 tons
2,450 kg
Length 12', 12' 1"
3.66 m, 3.67 m
Height 6' 2", 6' 3", 6.24'
1.89 m
Width 5', 5' 6"
1.69 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance 8.25"
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 7.62 MG
1: 7.62 mm DT MG
OR 1: 7.62 mm DTM MG
OR 1: 14.5 mm anti-tank rifle
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 7.62: 1,070
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 4 - 12, 6 - 10
Hull Front, Upper 0.59"@0°
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper 0.24"@0°
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear 0.16"@0°
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 0.24"@0°
Turret Sides 0.24"@0°
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ M1, GAZ MM, Model M1
Bore / stroke  
Cooling Water
Cylinders 4
Capacity  
Net HP 50@2,800 rpm, 54, 80
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type) Synchromesh
3 forward, 1 reverse
Steering Front wheels
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity 20 gallons, 23.8 gallons
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Manual
Speed - Road 50 mph
80 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 280 miles , 217 - 348 miles, 372 miles
350-560 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1' 8"
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability 30° slope
Suspension (Type) Semi elliptical leaf spring
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Tires 4 pneumatic
Wheel arrangement 4x4
Wheel centers 57"
  BA-64B
Crew 2
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 2.3 tons
2,359 kg
Length 12' 4"
3.67 m
Height 6' 2"
1.88 m
Width 4' 10"
1.52 m
Width over tracks  
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 0.3" MG
7.62 mm MG
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main  
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 15
Hull Front, Upper  
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ MM
Bore / stroke  
Cooling  
Cylinders 4
Capacity  
Net HP 54
Power to weight ratio  
Compression ratio  
Transmission (Type)  
Steering  
Steering ratio  
Starter  
Electrical system  
Ignition  
Fuel (Type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Road consumption  
Cross country consumption  
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 50 mph
80 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 350 miles
560 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical obstacle  
Climbing ability  
Suspension (Type)  
Wheels each side  
Return rollers each side  
Tracks (Type)  
Tires  
Wheel arrangement  
Wheel centers  

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. Profile AFV Weapons #60, Russian Armoured Cars (to 1945), John F. Milsom, 1973
  3. Tank Data 2, Aberdeen Proving Grounds Series, E. J. Hoffschmidt and W. H. Tantum IV, 1969
  4. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site