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Soviet Union's BA-10 armored cars

Design

In 1938 a modernization program for Soviet armored vehicles was put in place. The initial design work for the BA-10 had already started but development increased.

Early versions had 37 mm or a 12.7 mm DShK machine gun as main armament.

Tracks or chains could be placed over the pair of wheels on each side to help with traction in mud and snow. The spare wheels were placed so that they could help when an obstacle had to be gone over.

Turret

After 1942 some had turrets removed and used as personnel carriers.

The BA-10 used a T-30 round welded turret.

Crew

The driver and front machine gunner (radio operator) were in the middle of the body.

The BA-10's commander and gunner were in the turret.

Chassis

It used the chassis of the GAZ-AAA 6 wheeled truck. The chassis of the BA-10 was shortened and strengthened to handle the weight of the armor. The body was all welded.

Engine

The engine was located at the front of the BA-10.

Prototype

The first BA-10 prototype appeared in 1932.

Production

  • BA-10:
    • Production started in 1938
  • BA-10M: 331
    • Production started in 1939
  • Total: 1,200, 1,400
  • Manufacturer: Gorki automobile plant
    • Body manufactured at: Izhorskly plant

Variants

  • BA-10: Used same turret at BA-6.
  • BA-10M, BA-32: Armor increased. Improved main gun. Sights were better. External fuel tanks mounted over the rear wheels. Used the turret of the T-26B.
  • BAZ: Prototypes only and first appeared in 1932. Was amphibious.

Usage

Great Patriotic War

Approximately 1,200 vehicles of this series were available in June 1941.

Many were captured and used by the Finnish and Germans.

Other Duties

Around late 1942, many of the remaining BA-10s were withdrawn from front line service to be turned into personnel carriers with the turret removed and the interior stripped bare.

German Captured Use

  • Panzerspähwagen BAF 203(r): Many were used in Balkans and the Soviet Union.

Specifications

  BA-10
Crew Commander, gunner, front gunner, driver
4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 16,500 lb
5,080 kg, 5,100 kg, 7,500 kg
5 tons, 5.2 tons
Length 14' 9", 15' 5"
4.7 m
Height 7' 11", 7' 11.25"
2.42 m
Width 6' 7", 6' 10", 6' 10.5"
2.09 m
Ground clearance  
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 45 mm
1: 45 mm M-1934
OR 1: 37 mm
Secondary  
MG 1: 7.62 mm MG
MG - coaxial 1: 0.3" DT MG
1: 7.62 mm DT MG
MG - hull DT MG
1: 0.3" DT MG
1: 7.62 mm DT MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 43
Secondary  
MG  
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 10, 15, 25
Hull Front, Upper 10, 16
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom  
Turret Front 6
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ M1
Cylinders 4
Cooling Water
Net HP 50, 52, 85, 50@2,800 rpm
Transmission (type)  
Fuel (type) Gasoline
Octane  
Quantity  
Performance  
Traverse 360°
Speed - Road 53 mph, 54 mph
87 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 185 miles, 186 miles, 199 miles
300 km, 320 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth 1' 11"
0.6 m
Trench crossing 1' 7"
0.5 m
Vertical Obstacle 1' 3"
0.38 m
Suspension (Type)  
Tires 6
  BA-10 M
Crew 4
Physical Characteristics  
Weight 11,872 lb
5.3 tons
Length 15.4', 15' 5"
4.7 m
Height 7.94', 7' 11.25"
2.42 m
Width 6.88', 6' 10.5"
2.09 m
Ground clearance 10"
Ground contact length  
Ground pressure  
Turret ring diameter  
Armament  
Main 1: 45 mm L/46
Secondary  
MG  
MG - coaxial 1: 7.62 mm MG
MG - hull 1: 7.62 mm MG
Side arms  
Quantity  
Main 40
Secondary  
MG 2,000
Side arms  
Armor Thickness (mm) 11 - 14
Hull Front, Upper 14
Hull Front, Lower  
Hull Sides, Upper  
Hull Sides, Lower  
Hull Rear  
Hull Top  
Hull Bottom 11
Turret Front  
Turret Sides  
Turret Rear  
Turret Top  
Engine (Make / Model) GAZ-M-1
Cylinders 4
Cooling Water
Net HP 85, 85@3,000 rpm
Transmission (type)  
Fuel (type)  
Octane  
Quantity 51 gallons
Performance  
Traverse  
Speed - Road 54 mph
87 kph
Speed - Cross Country  
Range - Road 199 miles, 200 miles
320 km
Range - Cross Country  
Turning radius  
Elevation limits  
Fording depth  
Trench crossing  
Vertical Obstacle  
Suspension (Type)  
Tires 6 pneumatic

Sources:

  1. The Encyclopedia of Tanks and Armored Fighting Vehicles - The Comprehensive Guide to Over 900 Armored Fighting Vehicles From 1915 to the Present Day, General Editor: Christopher F. Foss, 2002
  2. The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II, Chris Bishop, 1998
  3. World Encyclopedia of Armored Fighting Vehicles, Jack Livesey, 2006
  4. Profile AFV Weapons #60, Russian Armoured Cars (to 1945), John F. Milsom, 1973
  5. Armored Fighting Vehicles, 300 of the World's Greatest Military Vehicles, Philip Trewhitt, 1999
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site