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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Krasnyi Krym cruiser

Design

The Krasnyi Krym was very similar to the Chervona Ukraina.1

Ships

Krasnyi Krym

  • Original name: Svetlana.1,2
  • Manufacturer: Baltic Ship Builders2, Russo-Baltic at Reval1
  • November 24, 19132, April 1914: Laid down.1,2
  • June 19153, November 21, 19152, December 11, 1915: Launched.1,2,3
  • April 1917: Construction fire.1
  • November 1917: Towed to Kronstadt due to advancing German Army.1 90% complete.1
  • November 1924: Soviet Union resumed construction.1
  • 19242, February 5, 1924: Named Profintern.1
  • February 1925: Trials.1
  • February 1925 - May 1926: Repairs.1
  • October 1926: Completed.1
  • July 1, 1928: Commissioned.1 Completed.2
  • August 1928: Cruise to Swinemünde.1
  • 1929, November 22, 1929 - January 14, 19302: Black Sea with battleship Parizhskaya Kommuna.1,2
  • November 22, 1929 - January 18, 1930: Sailed from Kronstadt to Sevastopol.1 Joined Baltic Sea Fleet.1
  • 1933: Cruise to Istanbul.1
  • 1935 - 1938: Refit.1 Three 3.9" twin mounts and four 45 mm guns added.1 Aircraft equipment removed.1
  • October 31, 1939, November 5, 19392: Named Krasnyi Krym.1,2
  • June 28, 1941: Novorossisk.1
  • August 1941: Defense of Odessa.1 Transported troops from Novorossisk to Odessa.1
  • October 1941: Evacuation of Odessa and Tendra.1 Transported troops and supplies from Sevastopol to Caucasian ports.1
  • November 1941: Defense of Sevastopol.1
  • December 29, 1941: Supported Feyodosia landings.1
  • 1942: Three 45 mm guns replaced by ten 37 mm guns.1
  • January 15, 1942: Flagship of Sudak landings.1
  • February 1942: Transported troops to Sevastopol.1
  • March - June 1942: Evacuations and supplies to and from Sevastopol.1
  • August 1942: Evacuation of Novorossisk.1
  • June 18, 1942: Designated a Guards Ship.1
  • February 1943: Supported Cape Myshakho landings.1
  • November 15, 1944: Sevastopol.1
  • March 7, 1945: Became training ship.1

Specifications

  Krasnyi Krym ,
Crew 6842,3, 8501
Displacement 6,693 tons1, 6,833 tons2, 6,934 tons3
Displacement - Loaded 8,000 tons2, 8,041 tons1
Physical Characteristics  
Length 506' 11"2, 507' 9"3, 519' 6"1
154.5 m2, 158.4 m1
Length - Water Line 507' 9"1
154.8 m1
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 50' 5"2, 50' 6"1,3
15.36 m2, 15.4 m1
Draft / Height 18' 6"2,3, 19' 8"1
5.65 m2, 6 m1
Performance  
Speed 22 knots2, 29 knots1, 29.5 knots3
Range @ 14 knots 3,350 nautical miles1, 3,700 nautical miles3
Armament 5.1"1, 5.1" / 13 cm L/552,3: 151,2,3
Anti-Aircraft 4"3: 83
3.9"1, 10 cm L/562: 61,2
2.5"2: 42
45 mm1,3: 41,3
37 mm3, 37 mm L/672: 102,3
13.2 mm machine gun2: 42
0.5" machine gun2: 72
Mines 1001,2,3
Torpedoes 21"1,2,3: 2 mounts 3 tubes each1,3, 62
Aircraft 11,2
Armor  
Belt - Main 1" - 3"1, 1.5" - 3"2, 2"3
Casements 1.75"2
Control Tower 3"1,2,3
Deck 0.75" - 1.25"1, 1"2,3
Gunshields 1.75"2, 3"3
Turrets 3"1
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 122, 131,3
Shafts 22,3, 41
Turbines AEG3, Brown-Curtis2, Curtis-AEG geared1
HP 46,3002, 50,0001,3
Coal 540 tons2,3
Oil 690 tons2,3, 2,900 tons1

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site