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Soviet Union's Navy Flag

Soviet Union's Krasnyi Krym cruiser

Design

The Krasnyi Krym was very similar to the Chervona Ukraina.

Ships

Krasnyi Krym

  • Original name: Svetlana.
  • Manufacturer: Baltic Ship Builders, Russo-Baltic at Reval
  • November 24, 1913, April 1914: Laid down.
  • June 1915, November 21, 1915, December 11, 1915: Launched.
  • April 1917: Construction fire.
  • November 1917: Towed to Kronstadt due to advancing German Army. 90% complete.
  • November 1924: Soviet Union resumed construction.
  • 1924, February 5, 1924: Named Profintern.
  • February 1925: Trials.
  • February 1925 - May 1926: Repairs.
  • October 1926: Completed.
  • July 1, 1928: Commissioned. Completed.
  • August 1928: Cruise to Swinemünde.
  • 1929, November 22, 1929 - January 14, 1930: Black Sea with battleship Parizhskaya Kommuna.
  • November 22, 1929 - January 18, 1930: Sailed from Kronstadt to Sevastopol. Joined Baltic Sea Fleet.
  • 1933: Cruise to Istanbul.
  • 1935 - 1938: Refit. Three 3.9" twin mounts and four 45 mm guns added. Aircraft equipment removed.
  • October 31, 1939, November 5, 1939: Named Krasnyi Krym.
  • June 28, 1941: Novorossisk.
  • August 1941: Defense of Odessa. Transported troops from Novorossisk to Odessa.
  • October 1941: Evacuation of Odessa and Tendra. Transported troops and supplies from Sevastopol to Caucasian ports.
  • November 1941: Defense of Sevastopol.
  • December 29, 1941: Supported Feyodosia landings.
  • 1942: Three 45 mm guns replaced by ten 37 mm guns.
  • January 15, 1942: Flagship of Sudak landings.
  • February 1942: Transported troops to Sevastopol.
  • March - June 1942: Evacuations and supplies to and from Sevastopol.
  • August 1942: Evacuation of Novorossisk.
  • June 18, 1942: Designated a Guards Ship.
  • February 1943: Supported Cape Myshakho landings.
  • November 15, 1944: Sevastopol.
  • March 7, 1945: Became training ship.

Specifications

  Krasnyi Krym ,
Crew 684, 850
Displacement 6,693 tons, 6,833 tons, 6,934 tons
Displacement - Loaded 8,000 tons, 8,041 tons
Physical Characteristics  
Length 506' 11", 507' 9", 519' 6"
154.5 m, 158.4 m
Length - Water Line 507' 9"
154.8 m
Length - Between Perpendiculars  
Beam 50' 5", 50' 6"
15.36 m, 15.4 m
Draft / Height 18' 6", 19' 8"
5.65 m, 6 m
Performance  
Speed 22 knots, 29 knots, 29.5 knots
Range @ 14 knots 3,350 nautical miles, 3,700 nautical miles
Armament 5.1", 5.1" / 13 cm L/55: 15
Anti-Aircraft 4": 8
3.9", 10 cm L/56: 6
2.5": 4
45 mm: 4
37 mm, 37 mm L/67: 10
13.2 mm machine gun: 4
0.5" machine gun: 7
Mines 100
Torpedoes 21": 2 mounts 3 tubes each, 6
Aircraft 1
Armor  
Belt - Main 1" - 3", 1.5" - 3", 2"
Casements 1.75"
Control Tower 3"
Deck 0.75" - 1.25", 1"
Gunshields 1.75", 3"
Turrets 3"
Engines  
Boilers Yarrow: 12, 13
Shafts 2, 4
Turbines AEG, Brown-Curtis, Curtis-AEG geared
HP 46,300, 50,000
Coal 540 tons
Oil 690 tons, 2,900 tons

Sources:

  1. Cruisers of World War Two An International Encyclopedia, M. J. Whitley, 1995
  2. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946, Robert Gardiner, 1987
  3. Janes' Fighting Ships of World War II, 1989
20th Century American Military History Crucial Site